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THOMAS JEFFERSON,

THIRD

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES;

WITH PARTS OF

HIS CORRESPONDENCE NEVER BEFORE PUBLISHED,

AND

NOTICES OF HIS OPINIONS

ON

QUESTIONS OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, NATIONAL POLICY,

AND CONSTITUTIONAL LAW.

BY

GEORGE TUCKER,

YROFESSOR OF Moral, r:111.osorny IN TIIE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA.

- Itaqua nulla alia in civitate, nisi in qua populi potestas summa cst, ullum
domicilium libertas habet : qua quidem certe vihil potest esse dulcius; et quæ si æqua
non est, ne libertas quidem est.-Cic. DE REPUBLICA.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

LONDON:
CHARLES KNIGHT AND CO., LUDGATE-STREET.

MDCCCXXXVII.

main 973.4 J458+ +

rol 2000

LONDON: PRINTED BY WILLIAN OLOWES AND SONS,

Stamford Street,

TO

JAMES MADISON,

FOURTH PRES

ENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

SIR,

Your long intimacy with Mr. Jefferson, your accordance with him in the principles of civil government, your cordial co-operation in carrying those principles into effect, and lastly, the kindness with which you have answered my inquiries and guided my researches, make it peculiarly proper that I should address to you the following pages. In submitting to you the biography of that friend of many years, I indulge the hope that I have not been unsuccessful in presenting his character, moral and intellectual, fairly to the world, and have contributed something to the vindication of those liberal principles for which you and he so steadfastly, so ably, and so successfully contended. Nothing could be more gratifying to me than to obtain the approbation of one whose means of testing the truth of what is there recorded exceed those of any individual now living; whose judgment is known to be as unbiassed as it is discriminating ; and whose integrity is of such diamond. like solidity and brightness, that the breath of even party calumny could leave on it no lasting tarnish.

Having been one of the chief instruments in giving to your country a constitution fitted to make it great and prosperous as well as free, it was afterwards your happy destiny to witness the glorious result of your patriotic labours; to receive the highest honours a grateful people could bestow; and to enjoy, by anticipation, the fame which rewards a career of splendid usefulness. That the evening of a life, which has been thus brilliant and fortunate, may continue serene and tranquil to the last, is, in all sincerity, the prayer of,

Sir,
Your most respectful,
and most obliged,
obedient servant,

GEORGE TUCKER. University of Virginia,

February 1, 1836.

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