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chapTER red out unarmed. “The Indians were seen in small par
* 1676. March.
ties lurking throughout the land.” The Indian traders,
each other, if possible. The foot “were to be in action chool,
at the discretion of the commander for securing the ad
jacent plantations.” Each garrison was to be allowed 1676.
four Indians as guides. Commissioners were appointed in each county to impress the necessary men, horses, boats, and provisions, and additional commissioners “to use Indians in the war, and to require and receive hostages from them.” Each post was to have a “chirurgeon,” and a “convenient quantity of medicines, salves, &c., to the value of five pounds sterling for every hundred men.” Provisions were to be furnished at the rate of five bushels of shelled corn, and fifty pounds of pork or eighty of beef, for each man, for each term of four months. Horsemen were to be paid at the rate of two thousand pounds of tobacco a year, “and cask,” reckoned at eight per cent. additional. Footmen were to have fifteen hundred pounds per year; corporals and drummers, one hundred and fifty pounds per month; sergeants, two hundred and fifty pounds per month; ensigns, three hundred pounds; lieutenants, four hundred pounds; captains, six hundred pounds per month, “and cask.” Horses killed or dying in the service were to be paid for. “Due consideration by the Grand Assembly” was also promised of the “indigent families of such as happen to be slain, and of the persons and families of those who shall be maimed or disabled in this war.” The remaining forces in the frontier counties were to be enrolled, and might be led to the relief of any fort attacked, but no of. fensive operations were to be undertaken without special leave of the governor—a prohibition which the result of the late expedition against the Susquehannas might well justify. Friendly Indians were to have “three watch-coats” for every prisoner taken, and one for every head brought in.
chapter. The “articles of war,” made a part of this act, are _ sufficiently stringent. Any soldier, “drunk or sober,” 1676, who shall “blaspheme the name of God,” or “deride or contemn God's word or sacraments,” is to “run the gauntlet through a hundred men, or thereabouts,” and if the offense be repeated, to be “bored through the tongue with a hot iron.” Death is to be the punishment of doing any hurt to an officer, or lifting arms against him; of drawing sword to do mischief after watch is set; of making a false alarm in the camp; of shooting off a musket in the night-time; of being found asleep or drunk on the watch; of desertion; “running from his colors;” or giving intelligence to the enemy. Swearing and drunkenness, on the third offense, are to
be punished by “riding the wooden horse for an hour,
persons, not exceeding five,” in each county, to be nom- chapter inated by the county courts. xv. In the present excited state of the public mind, this 1676. scheme of defense was not satisfactory. The governor was accused of leaning toward the Indians; the forts were denounced as a useless burden; and offensive operations were loudly demanded. This discontented party included “many gentlemen of good condition,” “persons of the greatest quality in the province.” - Bacon, to whom the governor had refused a commission to beat up for volunteers against the Indians, was particularly forward. He gave out that, on news of any further depredations, he should march against the Indians, commission or no commission. An attack upon his own plantation, near the falls of James River, afforded him speedy occasion to carry his threats into effect. Provoked at this disregard of his authority, the governor put forth a proclamation, depriving Bacon of his April seat in the council, and denouncing as rebels all his company who should not return within a limited day. “Those of estates” obeyed; but Bacon, and fifty-seven others, proceeded onward till their provisions were near spent. Approaching a fort of friendly Indians, they asked provisions, offering payment. The Indians promised fairly, but put them off till the third day, by which time their stores were completely exhausted. Finding themselves in danger of starvation, and suspecting that the Indians had been instigated to their procrastinations by private messages from the governor, Bacon's men waded, shoulder deep, through a stream that covered the fort, entreating victuals, and tendering pay. A shot from the bank they had left presently killed one of their number. Apprehending an attack in the rear, “they fired the palisadoes, stormed and burned the fort and cabins,
chapTER and, with the loss of three English, slew one hundred
and fifty Indians.” . Such was Bacon's own account of