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chapTER lish a trading-house, and to found a settlement up the
Delaware Bay. In the prosecution of this undertaking
1641. some fifty families sailed from New Haven. They touch* ed at New Amsterdam, and informed Kieft of their in
tention, against which he protested on the spot; but, not heeding this protest, they proceeded to establish them. selves, some on Delaware Bay, at Hog or Salem Creek, about twelve miles from the mouth of the river, and others on the Schuylkill. To this interference with their trade the Dutch would not submit. Two sloops were dispatched from New Netherland to break up this settlement, an enterprise in which the commander of the Swedish fort readily joined. This Swedish commander, “a very furious and passionate man, demeaned
himself,” if we may credit the New England account,
“as if he had neither Christian nor moral conscience.” Under false pretenses, he got Lamberton, the leader of the settlement, into his power, and obliged him to pay a ransom. S. The rest he compelled to swear allegiance
to Sweden. As Lamberton persisted in trading to the
South River, he was stopped presently after at New Am-
bors, the people of New Amsterdam became involved also in hostilities with the Indians. Fire-arms were freely sold to the Mohawks by the colonists of Rensselaerswyk, who thus became more than ever the terror of
their enemies; but Kieft would allow none to be sold to the Indians about New Amsterdam, upon whom, much
to their disgust, he even undertook to levy a tribute.
corn Montaigne, a Huguenot gentleman, Kieft having two " votes. The Twelve Men desired that the number of
counselors might be increased to five; they asked local
the necessity of keeping on good terms with the Indians; and a war party, led by Secretary Van Tienhoven, corn restless, passionate, and eager for blood. At a Shrovetide feast, warm with wine, Kieft was persuaded by 1643. some leaders of the more violent party to improve, the present opportunity to punish the Indians so lately entertained, at New Amsterdam for not having fulfilled their former promise to give up the murderer. In spite of the remonstrances of Bogardus, La Montaigne, and De Vries, two companies were fitted out, one of soldiers, under Sergeant Rodolf, the other of volunteers, headed by a chief instigator of the expedition, one of the late Twelve Men, Maryn Adriaensen, once a freebooter in the West Indies. There were two encampments of the Indians, against which these two companies proceeded, Feb. 25. “in full confidence,” so their commission says, “that God would crown their resolution with success.” The Indians, taken utterly by surprise, and supposing themselves attacked by the formidable Mohawks, hardly made any resistance. De Vries tells us, in his Voyages, that, being that night at the director's house, he distinctly heard the shrieks of the victims sounding across the icy river. Warriors, old men, women, and children were slain without mercy, to the number of eighty or more. Babes, fastened to the pieces of bark which the Indian women use as cradles, were thrown into the water, and the miserable mothers, who plunged in after them, prevented by the Dutch party from relanding, perished with their infants. The wounded who remained alive the next morning were killed in cold blood, or thrown into the river. Thirty, however, were taken prisoners and carried the next day to New Amsterdam, along with the heads of several others. Some inhabitants of Long Island, with a like mad appetite for blood, asked permission to attack their Indian
neighbors. These Indians had always been good friends of the Dutch, and Kieft refused permission; but advantage was taken of some ambiguity in his answer, and an expedition was soon sent to plunder their corn, in the course of which two Indians were slain.
Roused by these injuries, eleven petty tribes, some on the main land, and the others on Long Island, united to make war on the Dutch, whose scattered boweries now extended thirty miles to the east, twenty miles north, and as far south from New Amsterdam. The houses were burned, the cattle killed, the men slain, and several women and children made prisoners. The Indians, partially supplied with fire-arms, and wrought up to the highest pitch of rage and fury, were truly formidable. The ter. rified and ruined colonists fled on all sides into New Amsterdam. Roger Williams was there on his first voyage to England.” “Mine eyes saw the flames of their towns,” he writes, “the frights and hurries of men, women, and children, and the present removal of all that could to Holland.” A fast was proclaimed. The director, assailed with reproaches and in danger of being deposed, was obliged to take all the settlers into the company's service for two months. Adriaensen the freebooter, leader of the volunteers in the first attack on the Indians, attempted an unsuccessful expedition, during which he had the mortification to see his own bowery ruined. Finding himself, on his return, stigmatized as a murderer for having instigated the massacre at Hackensack, in a violent fit of passion he attacked Kieft, pistol and cutlass in hand. But he was disarmed, and, in spite of the ef. forts of his partisans to release him, was presently sent prisoner to Holland.
The Indians, satiated with revenge, soon made advances toward a reconciliation, which the Dutch eager