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committed by Matthéo, the sub-cashier —the right of petitioning—the indemof the Treasury : on the alleged irre- nity to the St Domingo Colonistsgularity of certain financial operations as to the right of the King to modify at the Bourse by the Covetto Minis- a law by an ordinance—as to the contry ; on the expenses attendant on the tracts for the Spanish war—the sinkcollection of taxes ; on pensions to the ing fund--and the foreign corn bill, widows and orphans of soldiers in During this Session, also, the ecclesias. active service ; and, as usual, on other tical budgets, and the conduct of the subjects of a financial character. “ congregation" and the “ Jesuits,"
In the Session of 1822 he only came under debate; as likewise an inspoke twenty-two times; and in the teresting debate on the right of the Session of 1823 only nine. In that Chamber of Peers to intervene in the of 1822 the question of the negotia- discussion of the budget. The finantion of new rentes was debated by cial situation of the country, the posthim with talent, and he distinguished office, and the immorality of the lot
, himself by his conflicts with M. de tery, also furnished him with materials Peyronnet. He defended, also, Gene- for very good and useful addresses. ral Bertin against M. Maugin, and In the Session of 1827 M. Casimir opposed some reductions in the budget Perier spoke forty-four times. The proposed by the Finance Commission. Session commenced by an attack on The Session of 1823 was that in which the then new tariff of the post-office, Manuel was excluded from the Cham- and on its operation on the journals ber. M. Perier spoke frequently on of the country, as well as on the this question, and but seldom on any transport of gold and silver by means other. It was one of the errors of the of the post-office. Then came a disRestoration, and the recorded protest cussion on the laws as to the press, of Casimir Perier is an unanswerable which occupied much of his time 6 morceau" of logical argumentation. and attention. The whole question
During the Session of 1824 M. of the securities to be given by, and Casimir Perier delivered twenty-eight to be offered to the press, was debated speeches. The principal topic of dis- with talent and energy, and M. Pepute was the proposed conversion of rier had to contend with two able anthe 5 rentes, which M. de Villéle tagonists in the persons of M. de proposed, and M. Perier opposed, Corbiere, and M. Dudon. The rewith so much of sense and of truth. pression of the slave-trade was also Casimir Perier was a deeided and debated, as well as a proposal of a energetic enemy to every system which member of the Opposition to appoint a tampered with the public credit; and commission to watch over the prerogahe was, undoubtedly, one of those who tives of the Chamber, and to see they most powerfully contributed to the were not infringed on. The whole subsequent rejection of that measure question of the woods and forests of by the Chamber of Peers.
the Crown, and the complaints urged In the Session of 1825 he spoke against the civil list for having felled very frequently. No less than fifty-six too great a quantity of timber, were speeches did he deliver that Session ; examined, and led to angry and perand the subjects which most occupied sonal debates. The financial situahis attention were the law of indem- tion of France was likewise discussed nity to the emigrants - the new bill by M. de Villéle as hy M. Perier. on the public debt and sinking fund- In the Session of 1828 M. Casimir the conversion of the 5 per cents- Perier abstained nearly entirely from the expenses of the Spanish war—the appearing at the Tribune. The Mardebt due by Spain to France—the tignac Ministry had been named, and consolidated debts--and the recogni- a new era commenced for France tion of the new states of South Ame- and her King. Its glorious but unrica,
successful mission was to keep within In the Session of 1826 he addressed bounds the exaggerated pretension of the House fifty-two times, and on a faction-but to satisfy all the just exivariety of interesting topics. Amongst gencies of real public opinion. Two them were the quiestions of the gam- great measures marked this Session-bling at the Stock Exchange—the one was destined to prevent electoral citation of the director of the Journal frauds, and the other to abolish the du Commerce to the bar of the House censorship. The character and sen. timents of the majority were now tumult. He voted what he believed changed. The priest party was de. to be right; but he even did that, on feated. The true royalist party for this occasion, with fear and trembling. 1828 was represented by M. de Mar. He was no infringer of the royal pretignac. No one felt this more strongly rogatives, but he had an energetic hathan Casimir Perier, and no one ac. tred for the priest party. The reply of knowledged it more honourably. He Charles X. to the address of the 221did belonged, then, no longer to the Op. not surprise M. Perier, but the dissoluposition, and was placed on the list of tion of the Chambers on the 16th May candidates for the post of President was a great fault on the part of the of the Chamber of Deputies, and Crown, and was felt to be so by the subnamed member of the commission of ject of this memoir, Noone knew better the budget. He spoke but eight times than did Casimir Perier that the Chamduring the Session, and would even ber was not prepared to refuse the have lent to the Government his im- budget to the Polignac Administration, portant aid, but that his health was but that, on the contrary, having satismuch affected, and required repose. fied its convictions or its passions, by
The Session of 1829 was the last the passing of the address, it would for constitutional France and the old have voted the ways and means, and race of the House of Bourbon. M. even have passed other laws which the Perier spoke but three times during Government was prepared to submit. that Session; and, on each occasion, on The dissolution of the Chamber on the the same subject-the debt due from 16th May, 1830, was then a capital Spain to France. He had Count Roy fault-and the result of the next genefor an antagonist, but he sustained the ral elections demonstrated its folly. Of conflict with great talent and spirit. course, the same men were returned ; On all other questions he was silent. of course, they were exasperated at He perceived with sorrow that the having been put to the vast trouble Martignac Ministry was not supported and expense of two recent elections ; by the majority, and, to avoid the ap- of course, they returned to Paris with pearance of being factious, he did not hostile intentions ; and it now did beoppose the passing of the law coufer. come rather questionable whether the ring on the Crown the right to grant Chamber would vote the budget if “ dotations" to poor peers. The clos- presented by the same Ministry. ing of the Session of 1829 was pro- M. Casimir Perier felt, however, nounced the 31st July, and eight days little doubt upon the subject; he thought afterwards the Martignac Ministry to the end that, notwithstanding the existed no longer.
result of the two elections, if the King The Session of 1830 opened the 2d resolved to maintain his Ministry, the March. The Polignac Ministry had Chamber could not refuse the means been appointed. The general elec- for carrying on the Government, so tions had taken place. The Chamber long as the acts of the Government of Deputies voted, on the 15th March, were not illegal. But the King was the memorable address of the 221; persuaded to take another course-10 but, though M. Casimir Perier voted act upon the 14th article of the Charta in that number, he did not once ad- of 1814, and to make the memorable dress the House. He was no rebel, and fatal ordinances of July. no exciter of sedition, no lover of
HYMN TO DIANA.-CALLIMACHUS.
By the Translator of Homer's Hymns. 0! let us hymn Diana !-she loves her shafts to throw On the mountain top, and the beasts they drop under her swaying bow, 'Tis her delight in wood and wild to lead her Virgin throng ; Wo to the Bard that to her regard pays not the meed of song. And hence will we begin.- When a prattler on his knee, She thus addressed her Father :- :-"0! grant me aye to be A Virgin Queen, and titles great thy little daughter claims; That Phæbus ne'er may taunt mine ear with all his many names ; And let me bear the quiver, and let me bear the bow; Nor gifts I ask, all these I task the Cyclops to bestow. For they shall point my barbed shafts, and they my quiver fill; With tunic bare below the knee let me go forth to kill, And bear the light throughout the night as the deer's red blood I spill. And of Ocean, sixty daughters, 0! grant to me, their Queen, That yet are in their virgin bloom, and but summers nine have seen ; And let the banks of Ainnisus their twenty Virgins send, My buskins to prepare and my weary dogs to tend, When lynx and deer no longer fear, and I my bow unbend. Let all the mountain range be mine-and but one city give. Rarely my feet shall cities greet, on mountains let me live; Then cities only will I see when women on me call, In child-birth pain, for I retain the lot to succour all ; The lot the Fates assigned me when first my mother bore, And without labour laid me down her gentle arms before." She spake, and stretched her little arms to stroke her father's beard, But could not reach; then at her speech the father's heart was cheered ; He gave his nod approving, and bending down his head, He sweetly smiled upon his child, and thus in joyance said :“O! when such darling offspring shall to my loves be born, The jealous wrath of Juno I will but laugh to scorn. Have all thou wilt, sweet daughter, thy wishes perfect be, And more than thou art asking now thy father gives to thee : Not one, but thirty cities, my daughter, shall be thine; Thrice ten of fame to bear thy name and pay thee rites divine ; Thrice ten shall worship Dian, nor Deity beside Shall share with thee the bended knee, the sanctity, the pride. And more, in isle and continent with Phæbus shalt thou share In due renown of many a town, of many a city fair ; To thee, in all, thy worshippers altars and groves shall raise; And thou Inspectress shalt be called to guard all ports and ways." The father spake, and bowed his head, and ratified assent, Then straight to the Cretean hill, wood-crowned, the Virgin went; And thence to Ocean, and her choir she chose, herself the queen, Unspotted virgins all that thrice three summers scarce had seen. Cæratus, River God, was glad—nor Tethys could restrain The flood of joy their daughters fair to see in Dian's train. And hence to Lipara she fared, erst Meligunis named, And there she found beneath the ground the brawny Cyclops famed, All standing round a mighty mass, a mighty work to make, From whose broad brink might coursers drink,—this did they undertake All to fulfil great Neptune's will, and laboured for his sake. But when the timid virgi the fiery monsters sawEach one a mountain Ossa—they stood awhile in awe; Each in his swarthy forehead one burning eyeball raised, Vast as a shield that heroes wield, and wondrously it blazed. And when they heard the dreadful din from all the anvils round, As out it broke from every stroke and did again rebound;
And the bellows blasting windy roar under their labouring hands,
Hail, Artemis, Parthenia, hail! thy hands the giants slew : All golden is thy virgin zone—thine arms of golden hue,
See the beautiful lines, “ The Forging of the Anchor," in Maga., Feb., 1832.
poured its streams into the works, of the lower orders in France, with the old stones and bricks would have their perch of land and their pig upbeen sold « aux enchères," and the
But we also have visited shareholders would have divided France, in the length and in the amongst them the remnant of the breadth thereof--and we have no he. 'funds and the produce. And let not sitation in saying, that the situation this be ascribed to the wrong cause. both of the manufacturing and the The French do not want either pa- agricultural_poor is far, very far sutience or perseverance-but they want perior in England, Scotland, and capital. It is for this reason that Wales, to the peasantry or manufactheir banks and bankers are often em- turing workmen of France. They barrassed to discount £4000; that their are more healthy, cleanly, comfortmanufacturers and manufactories are able, better fed, clothed, housed, and at a stand instead of being in acti- are more moral, and more religious. vity ; that the Government is obliged We have purposely made this disserto propose to take in hand all great tation, because, though the family of works itself; and that at the very Perier did all they could do, with moment we are writing these lines, comparatively large capital, for the appeals are being made in the public commerce and industry of their counjournals of London, Brussels, and try—yet, after all, their resources Amsterdam, to the English, the Bel- were very small indeed, when comgians, and the Dutch, to come for- pared with those of a Manchester ward to take shares in the companies manufacturer. proposed to be formed for the esta- The next son, M. Scipion Perier, blishment of various railroads in was a man of profound scientific France. When similar projects are knowledge, deep and unaffected piety started in England, are appeals made —was so virtuous as to be even scruto the French, the Dutch, and the pulous to a failing-and was uniformly Belgians there? No-English capi- calm and dignified in the midst of an tal is sufficient for English enterprises impassioned and animated family.
- but this is not the case in France- But Scipion was really a man of lively for her merchants have neither the imagination, and even passionate soul precious metals, nor the paper, nor -but he was, during his whole life, the credit sufficient to enable them making one constant effort to repress alone to carry the objects they pro- his ardour, and maintain an external pose into effect.
Look at the sub- dignity and serenity. scription-list for the shares in the Casimir Perier, with a character railroad company from Paris to Brus- less equable, much more susceptible, sels, and we see that though months and with a mind much less adorned, have elapsed since it was begun, the but possessing that coup d'æil whichi sum required cannot be raised, though seizes and perceives truth, which coronly one-fifth is required as a deposit. rectly estimates the possible, and asAnd when we thus write, it is not sures success, associated with Scipion, reproachfully, or spitefully, or vaunt- and founded together at Paris ingly, and with haughtiness ; but Banking House, known and respected when we thus write, it is to assert a throughout all Europe. Their spe. great fact, that the Revolution of culations, however, were of a very 1789, or rather of 1793 in France, different nature from those of a London destroyed national credit, private ca- banker. They engaged in all sorts pital, and the means of rendering of mercantile transactions, and the France a powerful commercial coun- bank alone was only the means of
We know well that we shall be enabling them to carry on their intold that the division of property into dustry with greater advantage. M. small fortunes is the developement of Casimir Perier displayed much penethe “greatest happiness principle"- tration, prudence, and judgment-but
“ and Doctor Bowring, who has la- he was never assiduous in the minute boured so long and so unsuccessfully details of business. Whilst Scipion in France in endeavouring to obtain had a prudent and enlightened mind, equal justice for British commerce, the talents of an administrator, the and British merchants, will prate to love of the details of business, and us about his Jeremy Benthamism, the spirit of daily application, he yet and about the comfort and happiness often hesitated as to the course to be