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FOREIGN AFFAIRS, 1751. 143 HE French are every day not only by the king of Portugal, he has larely re. T
duced the duties payable upon the importaject for increafing their trade and improv tion of Sugar from Brazil to one half of ing their marine : For these purposes, re. what have been paid for some years, in veral fhips have lately failed with recruits, order to restore that branch of trade', which to compleat the garisons in their several has been almoft ruined by the high duties. American colonies; and it is reckoned that At Madrid they have advice from Peru, above 600 officers discharged fince the peace, that a deep cavern has been discovered in a are gone to serve in those colonies. Anum village called Urcos, about 15 miles from ber of vessels are fitting out in order to Cusco, upon the river Quiquixana, in which transport artillery and ammunition to the were three coffins of mally gold, two inchcoast of Africa, and likewise fome hun. es and a half thick, wherein, as far as they dreds of people, who are intended to found could judge from some Hieroglyphicks ena colony there : In order to improve their graved upon them, were deposited the bones Turkey trade,, they have, besides the so of three of the ancient kings of Peru. sols per ton upon foreign shipping, impo From Vienna we have advice, that on sed a duty of to per cent, upon all goods March 19, N. S. her imperial majesty was imported from the Levant by foreign ships; happily delivered of a princess. and that they may never want expert sea By accounts from several places we are officers, a marine academy has been esta. told of great preparations making by the blished at Breft, the members of which are Turks for a war in Europe, and that seve. directed to compile a dictionary for explain. ral changes have been made in the divan, ing every thing relating to naval affairs.
all of which seem to tend the same way; An expedient is talked of at Paris for which is the more to be apprehended, as composing the difference between the king the troubles in Persia seem to increase raof France and his clergy ; the latter being
ther than diminish, so that the Turks have willing, it is said, to give a declaration of nothing to fear from that quarter. And their revenues, provided they be always from Petersburg we are told by the last allowed to grant a supply to his majesty, mail, that the Czarina has given orders for under the title of a free gist.
hiring a great number of transport Tips Among the many good regulations made upon the Duina and gulph of Finland.
The Monthly Catalogue for March, 1751.
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Arguments against carrying on the fishery
. of a firflorate man of war, and several other curious pieces in prose and
Asrbe laie unfortunate Death of sbe Prince of after the concluding of which treaty his son
WALES bas turned obe Conversation Eustace died without issue ; but as the suc-
ror had four fons, Ro. treaty Stephen died, and in pursuance there.
bert, Richard, William of was succeeded by Henry, called Henry W and Henry ; of whom A II. in the person of whom the blood of
Richard died in the life. the antient Saxon kings was restored, as time of his father, or, he was descended from Margaret fifter to
as some say, was kill Edgar Atheling, who died abroad without ed by a Itag in the New Forest. Robert iffue ; but if that alone had been to be re. succeeded his father in his dukedom of garded, the king of Scotland had a better Normandy, and William in his kingdom right than Henry, as he was descended of England; who dying without issue was from the son of Margaret, whereas Henry's succeeded by his brother Henry.
descent was from a daughter. Henry married Matilda, daughter of Henry had four sons, Henry, Richard, Malcolm king of Scotland and Margaret Geoffrey, and John. Henry the eldest was fifter to Edgar Alheling, by whom he had not only prince of England, but his faa fon named William, and a daughter ther made him be crowned and gave him named Matilda, married firft to the em the title of king, even in his life-time, tho' peror of Germany, and afterwards to he gave him none of the power ; but he Geoffrey Plantagenet earl of Anjou, by died before his father without issue, and whom she had a son, named Henry. consequently Henry II. was succeeded by his
William was filed prince of England, C second con Richard, who dying likewise being the title then given to the king's without iffue, John the youngest got himeldent fon; but at the age of 16, he was self choren king, to the prejudice of Arthur, drowned in his pallage from Normandy, son of Geoffrey his elder brother, which with a great many other young noblemen ; Arthur was upon his father's death become and upon his death, Henry, did all he could duke of Bretagne in right of his mother. to have secured to his daughter, the empress John, soon after his accession, had the Marilda, both his kingdom of England, and good luck to take both Arthur and his filter the dukedom of Normandy, which he had D Eleanora prisoners in a battle, the former taken from his eldent brother Robert ; but of whom he caused to be- murdered in the upon his death his sister's. fon, and a fa. castle of Roan, and the latter he confined in burite of his own, Stephen earl of Bo the castle of Bristol, where the lived many lome, got himself choren king of England, years and died a prisoner, by which the andby that means got also possession of progeny of Geoffrey became extin&t. Nornandy, which he presently retigned to
After a most unfortunate reign, John Eustaa his eldest son.,
died, leaving his two sons Henry prince of Stephan had, besides Eunace, another England, and Ricbard earl of Cornwall, fon name William, whom he created earl
both infants, the eldest not ten years old, of Surrey ) but being involved in continual and in a very unhappy fruation ; for moft wars with de empress Matilda and her son
of the barons had rebelled against him, Henry, he ws at last obliged to come to and chosen the dauphin of France for their a treaty with Venry, by which he was to king, who with a French army was in porhold the crown of England during his life, fefsion of London, and the greatest part of and to be succeed by Henry i prelently
the kingdom. However, young Henry, by the April, 1757.