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Type and calculation of eclipse of the moon
appeared at a late masquerade in a fe.
company determined by ballot ibid.
The JOURNAL of a learned and political
'CLUB, &c. continued
Arguments against carrying on the fishery
Mr. Heathcote's advertisement to the
citizens and liverymen of London 188
. of a firflorate man of war, and several other curious pieces in prose and
Asobe lare unfortunate Death of tbe Prince of after the concluding of which treaty his son
WALES bus lurnet sbe Conversation Eustace died without issue, but as the fucupon obe Princes and minorities in England cellion was then cut off from William, he fince ebe Conquest, we foall give a foort could never properly be called prince of History of them as follows :
ror had four sons, Ro- treaty Stephen died, and in pursuance there.
bert, Richard, William of was succeeded by Henry, called Henry w and Henry ; 'of whom A Jl. in the person of whom the blood of
Richard died in the life. the ancient $ixon kings was restored, as time of his father, or, he was descended from Margaret Gifter to
as some say, was kill- Edgar Atheling, who died abroad without ed by a itag in the New Forest, Robert iffue ; but if ihat alone had been to be refucceeded his father in his dukedom of garded, the king of Scotland had a better Normandy, and William in his kingdom right than Henry, as he was descended of England; who dying without issue was from the son of Margaret, whereas Henry's fucceeded by his brother Henry.
descent was from a daughter, Henry married Matilda, daughter of Henry had four sons, Henry, Richard, Malcolm king of Scotland and Margaret Geoffrey, and John. Henry the eldest was filter to Edgar Alheling, by whom he had not only prince of England, but his faa son named William, and a daughter ther made him be crowned and gave hm named Matilda, married first to the em- the title of king, even in his life-time, tho' peror of Germany, and afterwards to he gave him none of the power ; but he Geoffrey Plantagenet earl of Anjou, by died before his father without issue, and whom she had a lon, named Henry. consequently Henry II. was succeeded by his
William was filed prince of England, C second son Richard, who dying likewise being the title then given to the king's without issue, John the youngest got him. eldest son ; but at the age of 16, he was self choren king, to the prejudice of Arthur, drowned in his passage from Normandy, son of Geoffrey his elder brother, which with a great many other young noblemen ; Arthur was upon his father's death become and upon his death, Henry did all he could duke of Bretagne in right of his mother. to have secured to his daughter, the empress John, soon after his accession, had the Matilda, both his kingdom of England, and good luck to take both Arthur and his filter the dukedom of Normandy, which he had D Eleanora prisoners in a battle, the former taken from his eldest brother Robert ; but of whom he caused to be murdered in the upon his death his sister's son, and a fa. castle of Roan, and the latter he confined in burite of his own, Stephen earl of Bo. the castle of Bristol, where the lived many Jome, got himself choren king of England, years and died a prisoner, by which the and by that means got alio poffeffion of progeny of Geoffrey became extin&t. Nornandy, which he presently religned to
After a most unfortunate reign, John Eustaa his eldest son.,
died, leaving his two sons Henry prince of Stephan had, besides Eunace, another England, and Richard earl of Cornwallin fon name William, whom he created earl
boih infants, the eldest not ten years old, of Surrey ; but being involved in continual and in a very unhappy firuation, for most wars with the empress Matilda and her son of the barons had rebelled against him, Henry, he wis at last obliged to come to and chosen the dauphin of France for their a treaty with Henry, by which he was to king, who with a French army was in pol. hold the crown of England during his life, feffion of London, and the greatest part of and to be succeeded by Henry i prefently the kingdom. However, young Henryx by the April, 1755.
148 Of the Princes and Minorities in ENGLAND. April
fo entirely last the affections of the people,
her favourite Roger Mortimer, whom the Henry added the title of prince of Wales got created earl of March. But Edward to that of prince of England, in the per- growing fenfible of his mother's misconduct, fon of his eldest son Edward, and his when he was but 16, he by stratagem other fon Edmund he created earl of surprised her and her favourite in the castle Lancaster ; but Edward could never in of Nottingham, and made them prisoners; his father's life-time make good h:s title to after which he called a new parliament, and the principality of Wales ; and when his D by chat parliament he was declared of age, fallier died, he was upon an expedition to and the earl of March was impeached, the Holy Land ; but as he had acquired a condemned and executed. great character by his conduct and bravery Edward had five fons, Edward, como in battle, and especially by the mercy he monly called the Black Prince, Lionel duke Thewed even to his rebel enemies, after he of Clarence, John duke of Lancaster, Ed. had conquered them, notwithstanding his mund duke of York, and Thomas duke of absence, he was upon his father's death Gloucester. The prince Edward was, as proclaimed king without the least difficulty, E usual, created prince of Wales and earl of and the archbishop of York, the earl of Chester ; and as the tille and estate of Cornwall, his coulin, and the earl of Cornwall had reverted to the crown by Gloucer.er, were appointed by the council, failure of the heirs of Richard, brother có and sooo after confirmed by the parliament, Henry III. the king erected it into a as regents of the kingdom till his return. Dutchy, had both title and estate annexed
Edward had fix fons, John, Henry, Al to the crown, and so settled upon his ron phonfus, Edward, Thomas, and Edmund. Edward, that for the future they should John died while he was upon his expedi. always belong to the eldest son of the king ; lion in the Holy Land, and Henry and F fince which time the eldest fon of the king Alphonsus foon after his return. Edward has at his birth, or father's accession, (ucfucceeded him, Thomas was created earl ceeded heredirarily to the title and estate of of Norfolk, and Edmund earl of Kent. duke of Cornwall, and they have generally
As Edward, a few years after his return, been created princes of Wales and earls of made an intire conquest of Wales, he not Chester. only gave the titles of prince of Wales and But this brave prince Edward died before earl of Chester to Edward his then eldest son, his father, leaving one only (m, named but put him in possesBon of all the estates G Richard, who was soon after by his grand, helonging to the crown in both; and to father created prince of Wales, duke of Secure the affection of the Welch, he car- Cirnwall, and earl of Chester; for as he was ried his queen then with child to Caernar- not son of the king he had not hereditarily pon, where she brought forth Edward, by the said act a right co ne title or estate that the Welch might say, they had fill of Cornwall, a prince of their own country ; and since
1751. Of the Princes and Minorities in ENGLAND.
149 This Richard succeeded to his grand- Henry having been dethroned, and imfather by the name of Richard II. and as prisoned, where he died or was murdered, he was but eleven years of age, the parlia. Edward duke of York mounted the throne, ment appointed his three surviving uncles, which he claimed as his right, being by his Lionel the eldest being dead, together with grandmother, daughter to the earl of fome bishops and lay lords, to be regents of March, the lineal heir of Lionel duke of the kingdom during his minority ; but at Clarence, second son of Edward III. the same time they appointed others to A This Edward, called Edward IV, had take care of his person and education. two sons, Edward whom he created prince
As Richard was violent in his temper, of Wales and earl of Chester, and Richard he assumed upon himself the government whom he created duke of York; but he before he was 18, and he made fo bad a died in the infancy of his two sons, and use of it, that at last a rebellion was raised his brother Richard, duke of Gloucester, against him, headed by his cousin, Henry,
caused himself to be appointed protector by eldest son of John duke of. Lancaster, to * pack'd council. whom he was forced to resign his crown, Young Edward was accordingly proand being imprisoned was there murdered, B claimed king by the name of Edward v. without leaving any issue.
but he reigned but a few months; for the Upon Richard's refignarion, Henry was protector usurped the crown, and got both declared king, by the name of Henry IV. the young king and his brother murderto the prejudice of Roger earl of March, ed in the Tower, where he had them con. grandson of Lionel duke of Clarence, by fined. his daughter and only child Philippa, who Richard, who was proclaimed king, by had been declared next heir to the crown the name of Richard III. had a lon named by act of parliament in Richard's reign. C Edward, whom he created prince of Wales As soon as Henry was crowned he de
and earl of Chester, but the young prince clared Henry his eldest son prince of Wales,
died foon after, and the father foon met duke of Cornwall, and earl of Chester ; and with a juft reward for his crimes ; for in befides this son he had Thomas duke of the beginning of the third year of his usurped Clarence, John duke of Bedford, and Hum- reign, he was defeated and killed in the phrey duke of Gloucester.
battle fought in Bosworth field between Upon Henry's death he was Rucceeded by him and Henry earl of Richmond, heir of his eldest ron Henry, by the name of
the house of Lancaster, who was there
D Henry V. who added to our kings titles upon declared king by the name of Henry that of France, and dying young left but
VII, and by marrying the eldest daughter, one son, an infant of 9 or 10 months of Edward IV, he put an end to the fatal old, who succeeded him by the name of dispute between the two houses of York Henry VI.
and Lancaster. As Henry came so young to the crown, By this marriage Henry had two sons, he was never created carl of Chefter or Arthur and Henry. Arthur was created prince of Wales, but by coming to be king prince of Wales and earl of Chester, but he succeeded to them as heir to his father, Ehe dying without issue in the life-time of those titles being always granted to the his father, Henry who had before been prince and his heirs kings of England ; and created duke of York, was created prince as he was so young, the parliament appointed of Wales and earl of Chester, and upon the duke of Bedford to be protector of the the death of his father fucceeded to the kingdom when present, and in his absence crown, by the name of Henry VIII. the duke of Gloucester, the duke of Cla- Henry VIII. had likewise two sons, rence having been before killed in France ; Henry by Catharine of Arragon, and Ed. byt at the same time they appointed a
ward by Jane Seymour ; but Henry died council of regency, none of whom could in the second month after he was born, be removed without authority of parlia. and consequently was never created prince ment; and they committed the care of the of Wales or earl of Chester ; and tho' king's person and education to the duke of Edward was called prince of Wales, there Exeter and bishop of Winchester.
is no record of his having been ever lo Henryhad one only son named Edward, created. whom he 'reated prince of Wales and earl However, Edward fucceeded to the of Chester but cho' he had a long, he crown upon the death of his father, by the had a moftlyfortunate reign ; for before G name of Edward VI, and as he was but he was of age we loft almost every thing his nine years old, his father had by his will father had acquired in France; and at appointed 16 regents with equal autho. Jaft he lost the crown and kingdom of rity to govern the kingdom during the England, as well s his only son, who was king's minority, but they were to go. killed in cold blood fter being caken prisoner vern by the advice of a privy council of of the battle of Texasbury,
Account of the celebrated SHAKESPEAR. April 12 persons all named in the will, none of duke of Gloucester, January 10, 1917-18, whom they could remove. As this was by proxy installed knight of the garter, April a form of government inexecutable, it was 30, 1718, created duke of Edinburgh, July soon new moulded : The duke of Somerset, 15, 1726 ; and upon his father's acceffion the king's uncle, was declared protector, and he became of course duke of Cornwall, la got the whole power into his own hands; the year 1728, he was sent for from Ha. but a faction soon formed itself against bim, nover and arrived at St. James's, Dec. 4 ; headed by the eart of Warwick, afterwards A and, on Jan. 9, following, he was crea. duke of Northumberland, by which the ted prince of Wales and earl of Chester, regent was degraded, and afterwards be. Upon his decease, his eldest son, George headed, and the former got thereby tho William Frederick, was, on the 22d init. whole power into his hands. Whether to created, (see p. 187.) And to the duke this last had any design upon the king's life dom of Cornwall he has not, without a is uncertain, but he certainly had a design new creation, a right, because by the limi. to get the crown into his family, for which tation it belongs only to the e deft son of the he lost his head in the next reign ; and as king, and consequently, as his father never the young king was seized with a distemper, B was king, cannot by law belong to him. of which he afterwards died, in about As we bave bere exbibited a beautiful Copper a year after the death of his uncle, the duke Plate of ebe Monument erected but a few of Northumberland was violently suspected Years ago, in Westminster Abbey, to be of having been the cause of his death.
Memory of that most celebrarid of all our As Edward was succeeded first by hig dramatick Writers, Mr. WILLIAM filter Mary, and then Elizabeth, we had SHAKESPEAR, (fee Mag: for 1741, no prince of Wales till the accession of p. 99.) it may be juftly expected that we James I. who had two sons, Henry and o foould give some Account of bis Life, wbicb Charles : Henry was created prince of we present our Readers wirb as follows. Wales and earl of Chester ; but dying be. HIS extraordinary man, to whom
nature gave so vast a genius, that bis his room, and upon his father's death suce imagination, thought and expression seem'd ceeded to the crown.
almoft unbounded and inexhaustible, was Charles had three fons, Charles, who born at Stratford upon Avon, in Warwickfoon after his birth was created prince of thire, in April, 1564. His father was Mr. Wales and earl of Chester ; James, created John Shakespear, of a good family in those duke of York; and Henry, created duke D parts, and a considerable dealer in wool; of Gloucester.
but having ten children, his substance was Upon the murder of Charles, his ron not lo large, but that he was obliged to Charles succeeded to the crown by the bring up this son, tho' his eldest, to his name of Charles II. but did not come own employment. He sent him, for some to the poffeffion till 1660, foon after time, indeed, to a free-[chool, where, 'tis which his brother Heory died; and as probable, he acquired what Latin he was Charles died without any legitimate issue, master of ; but the narrowness of his cir he was succeeded by his brother. James, é cumstances, and the want of his affistance who had a son born in 1688, called James, at home, made his father take him from and presently after his birth created prince school, and to prevented his further profi. of Wales and earl of Chester ; but as his ciency. But whatever he wanted in leamfather abdicated the crown before the end ing, nature amply supplied; and perhaps of the year, the son is now called the pre- his unacquaintance with the antienis gave tender.
his genius a freer scope, than it might have Upon the abdication of James, William had if he had been ever lo well versed in prince of Orange was declared king, by them. For tho the knowledge of chern the name of William III. As he died with. F might have made him more correct, yet out issue, and as Q. Anne's son, William his over attention to that correctness might duke of Gloucester, died before he came have abated that fire, and restrained that to the crown, we had no prince of Wales, impetuosity, and even beautiful extravatill the accession of his late majesty, who gance, which we so much admire in soon after his arrival in England created his Shakespear. only son, now our most gracious king, Upon his being taken from school, he prince of Wales and earl of Chester, he seemed to think of nothing else but entirely having before been created duke of Cam. devoting himself to the burrels his father bridge and installed knight of the garter ; defigned him for ; and in oder to settle in and upon his late majesty's demise, he luce
the world in that way, he married, while ceeded to the crown, by the nam of he was yet very young, the daughter of George II.
one Hathaway; a subrantial yeoman in Frederick Lewis, his eldest son, now de.
the neighbourhood. I this kind of life ceased, was by his late majesty created