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given. Ask a well-bred Englishman, occupy it. But the New Englander if you shall help him from a dish be- has a higher authority than is genefore you; and what will be his reply? rally known, for this--no less than that Will it be yes or no ?-or, will it, in of Alexander Pope himself, who says, truth, be capable of any grammatical while speaking of a lady at a theatre, interpretation, as a reply? Is it not that,
-“I thank you”-“much obliged to “ Not a fan went unimproved away." you,” or something of the same sort ?
Let us farther recollect, that our So, a Frenchman will say“bien obligé," spoken language, and our written lan
mercie, monsieur ;" a German, guage, are two different things. Our 6. Ich danke ihnen,” each and all English, when written, is the same, seeking to avoid the rudeness of say- throughout the whole British empire; ing, directly, yes or no.
but, when spoken, it varies at almost Ask an Irishman the way to St. Paul's, every furlong. In America, it is not and his reply will be, “ Is it St. Paul's so. The same language is both writye'd have ?". Put the same question to ten and spoken, in the same way, by à Scot, and his reply will begin with, the same people. “Aweel ?"-accompanied with a look,
I shall now run a short parallel beor word, or tone of shrewd interroga- tween the Americans and the English. tion. And so it is, in fact, with every We are an old people. The Americans people, particularly if they are saga. are a new people. 'We value ourselves cious, social, or situated in a part of
our ancestry—on what we have the country where a stranger is rarely done; they, on their posterity, and on
Every one will have bis money's what they mean to do. They look to worth. If he give information, he will the future; we to the past. They are have information in return.
proud of Old England as the home of As a people, take them altogether, their forefathers; we, of America, as the Americans talk a purer English the abiding place of western Englishthan we as a people. But then, there are not many Americans, who either
They are but of yesterday as a peospeak or write so good and pure Eng- ple. They are descended from those, lish,as multitudes of our countrymen do. whose burial places are yet to be seen:
Let us not arrogate too much, how- we, from those, whose burial-places ever, our speakers are far from being have been successively invaded by the scrupulously correct, either in language Roman, Saxon, Dane, and Norman, or pronunciation, let them take what until they are no longer to be distinauthority they will. They, like our guished from the everlasting hills. writers, are in the habit of coining and As a whole people, the Americans manufacturing words at pleasure; and talk a better English than we do; but some of our critics have more than then, there are many individuals aonce mistaken for Americanisms, pure mong us who speak better English old English, or English that had been than any American, unless we except, sanctioned by our poets, (the worst here and there, a well-educated New authority, by the way, in the world, Englander; and a few eminent public because the poets are, by inclination, speakers, like the late Mr. Pinkney, habit, and necessity, the most licen- who was minister to this Court; and tious in the use of words ;) and omit- Mr. Wirt, the present attorney-geneted by Dr. Johnson, or forgotten by ral of the United States, who will proourselves.
bably succeed Mr. Rush in the same Thus they have quizzed the Ame- capacity; and, then, there are a mulricans over and over again, for using titude among us who speak a better the verb to improve (as it is the fashion English than is common among the to call such combinations, in the well-educated men of America, alsense of the words to use. It sounds though they do not speak the best very oddly to our ears, when we hear English, such as the few among us do. a New Englander talk about improv- I have heard a great deal said about ing a house, when he only means to the habits of cleanliness in England
and America; and I have sometimes of an Englishman's face is greater ; laughed very heartily at the reciprocal that of the American, more intense. prejudices of the English and Ameri- In the self-satisfied, honest, hearty, can women.
and rather pompous expression of an I have heard an English woman English face, you will find, when it is complain of a beastly American for not caricatured, a true indication of spitting into the fire: and I have heard his character. Other people call him an American woman express the great- boastful, but he is not.
He only est abhorrence of an Englishman, for shows, in every look and attitude, that spitting in his pocket-handkerchief;- he is an Englishman, one of that exor, for not spitting at all, when he hap- traordinary people, who help to make pened to njention that well-bred men up an empire that never had—has not, swallowed their saliva. A spitting-box and never will have, a parallel upon is a part of the regular furniture of earth. But then, he never tells other every room in America, although nen so, except in the way of a speech, smoking is now entirely out of fashion or a patriotic newspaper essay, there.
And so, in the keen, spirited, sharp, An American will not scruple to intelligent, variable countenance of an pick his teeth or clean his nails, if he American, you will find a corresponshould think it necessary-anywhere, dent indication of what he is. He is at any time-before a lady. An Eng. exceedingly vain, rash, and sensitive : lishman would sooner let them go he has not a higher opinion of his dirty.
country, than the Englishman has of An American never brushes his hat his; but then, he is less discreet-more - very rarely his coat; and his hair, talkative, and more presumptuous : not once a-week. An Englishman will less assured of the superiority, which brush the first with his coat-sleeve, or he claims for his country; more watcha silk handkerchief, whenever he puts ful and jealous; and, of course, more it on or off: and the two latter, every waspish and quarrelsome, like diminutime that he goes out. The American tive men, who, if they pretend to be is laughed at for his personal sloven- magnanimous, only make themselves liness, in England, and the English- ridiculous; and being aware of this, man for his absurd anxiety, in Ame- become the most techy and peevish rica. Such is national prejudice.
creatures in the world. The Englishman is more of a Ro- The Englishman shows his high man ; the American more of a Greek, opinion of his country by silence; the in the physiognomy of his face and American his, by talking : one, by his mind; in temper, and in constitution. conduct; the other by words.: one by The American is the vainer; the Eng. arrogance, the other by superciliouslishman, the prouder man of the two. The American is volatile, adventurous, The Englishman is, generally, a talkative, and chivalrous. The Eng- better, braver, and a nobler minded lishman is thoughtful, determined, very fellow, than you might be led to bebrave, and a little sullen. The Eng- lieve from his appearance. The face lishman has more courage; the Ameri- of an American, on the contrary, incan more spirit. The former would duces you to believe him, generally, a be better in defence, the latter in at- better man than you will find him. tack. A beaten Englishman is for- But then, they are so much alike; midable still --A beaten American is or rather there are individuals of both good for nothing, for a time.
countries, so like each other, that I The countenance of the Englishman know many Americ ins who would is florid : not sharply, but strongly pass everywhere for Englishmen; and marked ; and full of amplitude, gra- many Englishmen who would pass vity, and breadth; that of an Ameri- anywhere for Americans. In heart can has less breadth, less gravity, less and head, they are much more alike, amplitude, but more vivacity, and a than in appearance or manners. more lively character. The expression An Englishman, when abroad, is
reserved, cautious, often quite insup- counsel :--child bearing soon destroys portable, and, when frank, hardly ever her. A few summers, and she appears ialkative; not very hasty, but a little to have been born a whole generation quarrelsome nevertheless : turbulent, before her husband. An English woman and rather overbearing, particularly has more wisdom; an American more upon the continent. At home, he is wit. One has more good sense; the hospitable, frank, generous, overflow- other more enthusiasın. Either would ing with honesty and cordiality, and go to the scaffold with a beloved one : given to a sort of substantial parade— but the female American would go kind of old-fashioned family ostentation. there in a delirium ; the English woman
But the American is quite the re. deliberately, like a martyr. verse. Abroad, he is talkative, noisy, And so, too, is the American to be imperious ; often excessively imperti distinguished from the Irishman. The nent, capricious, troublesome, either in Irish are a gallant, warm-hearted, his familiarity, or in his untimely re- headlong people ; eloquent, feeling, serve; not quarrelsomen-but so hasty, hasty, and thoughtful; great dealers nevertheless, that he is eternally in hot in the superfluous. So are the Ameriwater, At home, he is more reserved; cans, But, then, the feeling of the and, with all his hospitality, much Irish, like their eloquence, is rich, given to ostentation of a lighter sort; riotous, and florid ; while that of substitute-finery and show.
Americans is more vehement, arguAn American is easily excited; and mentative, and concentrated. The deof course, easily quieted. An English- clamation of the American is often soman is neither easily quieted, nor easi- lemn and affecting—often too dry for ly excited. It is harder to move the endurance ; generally too cold and latter ; but once in motion, it is harder chaste for enthusiasnı; and sometimes to stop him.
exquisitely extravagant. One has more strength and sub- The Irishman is a hurrying, carestance ; the other more activity and less, open-hearted fellow, as likely to spirit. One has more mind, more wise do wrong as right, in a moment of exdom, more judgment, and more perse- ultation. But nothing can be more verance, the other more genius, more tiresome than the pleasantry of an quickness of perception, more adven- American, when he feels disposed to turousness.
be very facetious. There is nothing of The Englishman's temper is more that voluble drollery, that uninterhardy and resolute; that of the Ame- rupted flow of sentiment, fun, whim, rican more intrepid and fiery. The and nonsense, in bis talking, which former has more patience and forti- we find in that of an Irishman at such tude, the latter more ardour. The a time. Englishman is never discouraged, The chivalry of an Irishman has a though without resources: the Ame- headlong fury in it which is irresistirican is never without resources, but ble. It is partly constitutional, and is often disheartened. Just so is it often miraculous. But it differs about with the female character.
as much from the chivalry of an AmeAn American woman is more child- rican, as that does from the deep, conish, more attractive, and more perish- stitutional, collected bravery of the able: the English woman is of a heal- Englishman, or the profound strange thier mind, more dignified, and more fervour of the Scot. durable. The former is a flower-the An American would make a dozen latter a plant. One sheds perfume; fortunes while a Scot was making one; the other sustenance. The English- but then the American would often woman is better fitted for a friend, a die a poor man, over head and ears in counsellor, and a companion--for the debt--the Scot' never. An American mother of many children, and for the finds it harder to keep a fortune, a partnership of a long life. But the Scot harder to make one. American woman, particularly of the A Scot would do the same thing soutlr is better fitted for love than over and over again all his life long,
to obtain a competency for his chil- heat of battle."1'11 try" and the dren. An Irishman would sooner be battery was immediately carried at the shot at once a-week at the distance of point of the bayonet.
An American would do But, in this answer, there was not a neither; but, if there were any new little of that affectation of Spartan dryworlds to explore, or serpents to catch, ness which I have often met with in that would 5 pay well,' he would go to the Americans. Commodores Perry the bottom of the ocean after them in and Macdonough gave a fine specimen a contrivance of his own.
of it in their official communications
; Everybody has read of Smollet's probably thinking of Lord Nelson's Irishman, who desired his companion, despatch from Trafalgar. while he knelt down, and hamınered Not long since, I met with an amusthe flint of his pistol, which had miss- ing example of this national vanity of ed fire, to “ fire away, and not be which I have been speaking in the losing time ;” and everybody has ac- Americans. General Jackson was one knowledged, that, whether true or false, of the candidates for the presidency. it was perfectly natural ; ' but could The papers were ringing with bis only be believed of an Irishman. name ; and, go where I would, in
So, too, it is told of an Englishman, some parts of the country, I could hear that his house having taken fire-con- nothing but what related to the “ hero taining all he was worth-finding that of New Orleans." he could be of no use in putting it out, Among others, a German undertook he went, and sat down upon a neigh- to convince me, that, if General Jackbouring hill, and took a drawing of it. son should become President of the Such a story would never have been United States, his name alone was--so invented of an American.
terrible to the rest of the world, that And so, too, the well-known anec- they would have nothing to fear in dote of the young Scot, whose coolness America. I remember his very words, in such an emergency, is a capital spe- “So gross," said he, “ ist der Ruf cimen of the moral sublime.“ Whare seines namens, durch die ganze ziviliare ye gangin, lad ?”—“ Bock again.” sirte welt, dass keine nation es wagen Nothing can be more absolutely Scotch. würde uns zu beleidigen, wenn er am I would trust to it in the hottest fire Ruder des staats stünde !!" of another Waterloo.
Let it be remembered, that, in drawBut I know something of an Ameri- ing this parallel, I have only given the can quite as characteristic—“Can you general character of an Englishman carry that battery, sir ?" said an Ame- and American. Exceptions, of course, rican general to Colonel Miller, in the continually occur. X. Y. Z.
THE MOTHER'S LAMENT FOR HER BOY.
Alas! alas ! his dying head
Farewell! farewell, my dearest !
His youthful temples round;
The last exulting sound
Farewell ! farewell, my dearest !
When thou, poor orphan child !
My widow'd grief beguiled
Blackwood's Ed. Mag. 13 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.
Methinks 't had been a comfort now
To have caught his parting breath,
To wipe the dews of death-
Farewell! farewell, my dearest !
When cradled on my breast,
His sleeping lids I presto
(La Belle Mag.) PILE above pile arose the snow- prive thee of thy promised prey. At
crowned Alps; the desert waste, least, my gallant steed, this hand, which in sublime but appalling grandeur, pre- has so often curbed thy generous pride, sented one unvaried hue. A dazzling shall preserve thy body from pollution whiteness overspread the surface of the until the fast-approaching storm shall earth, an image of beauty and of deso- cover thee with its dreary winding sheet, lation. The brilliant colouring of the and hide thee from the devouring fiends glacier was buried beneath a fleece of of this lone wilderness.” Then, dartnewly-fallen snow, the mountain tor- ing a javelin at the vulture, she fell, rent was hushed into silence, and where shrieking, from the rock, and dyed the of late the stream had gurgled lay a snowy surface on which she rested sullen column of ice. The very air with her blood. was frozen, and not a passing breath The knight speeded onwards, and, indicated that nature was awake: her armed with courage and resolution, he operations seemed for awhile suspend- for some time manfully surmounted ed, as though she had yielded her do- the difficulties which opposed his prominion to the chilling hand of death. gress: but the density of the gathering It appeared as if no living thing could clouds increased, and a heavy fall of exist in a wilderness so dreary, a re- snow added to the perils which surgion so cold and cheerless : the bear rounded him. Still he persevered, but lay close in his den far below this de- he began to feel sensible that his serted eminence; it was high above strength was flagging fast: a few more the haunt of the wolf, and even the efforts, another struggle, and he must chamois had withdrawn to a distantsink overpowered upon the frozen lair; but the horrid stillness was broken earth. “Holy St. Francis !” he exby the hoarse scream of a vulture, claimed, “I thank thee, that, since my which, perched upon a rock in the death is decreed, thou hast not permitscent of blood, anticipated her foul re- ted me to fall by the hand of my enepast, and, toiling up the winding path, mies. Oh, I had dreamed of triumphs her keen eye tracked a knight on horse and of victory over yon false and faithback. The jaded charger stumbled at less crew. Visions of glory, ye are every step, whilst the rider looked fading fast! Another and more forturound in search of some human habi- nate competitor shall-but away with tation, and ever and anon cast his eyes earthly hopes and mundane expectaupon the earth, despairing that the ex- tions ; my hour is come, the saints hausted strength of the animal he rode whom I have served receive my soul !" would bear him to the haunts of men. Again he strove to advance, but he Paralyzed by cold, and overcome by was compelled to relinquish the atfatigue, the wearied creature paused; tempt, and in another moment his its feet seemed rooted to the spot, and, wearied limbs lay stretched upon the incapable of farther effort, it remained snow. For a short time he retained a immoveable. The knight dismounted. consciousness of his situation, but ob“ Faithful companion of my exile !” he livion rapidly approached - his senses exclaimed, “my last and truest friend, and his breath failed him, and be beI must leave thee here to perish. Thou came inanimate as the rocks of the art unequal longer to wrestle with the surrounding wilderness. Life, howdeath that awaits thee, and perchance ever, was not yet extinct; the lamat a few yards distance from thy lifeless bent flame still played about his heart, corse I also shall meet the destruction like the last flickering of a decaying that threatens to be inevitable. Ill- lamp, and the dog of the desert, that omened wretch!” he continued, “in vain most affectionate and intelligent friend dost thou whet thy beak, and snuff with of the human race, guided by the exgrim delight the tainted air; I will de quisite sense with which the lavish