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of insanity, it does not appear from his that the city was taken by assault. conversations while in prison, and dur- Every one confusedly thought that he ing the period of his execution, that was deprived of his only safeguard, such was the fact. Guy Patin says, in defender, and father ; it appeared as if Letter 122, that Ravillac had a brother every thing was gone in losing bim ; who died in Holland; and from a de- nothing was felt but dread, and the claration made upon his death-bed it most invincible terror. The Duke appeared, that in case Francis Ravillac d'Epernon immediately cried aloud, had not succeeded, he would have un- that the king was only wounded; and, dertaken to perpetrate the deed. to persuade the populace that such was

Of the seven individuals who were the truth, he demanded a goblet of unfortunately in the carriage with the wine : every one at the instant rushed monarch, the firm attachment of six from the houses, and the most affecting could not be suspected, as the only exclamations of joy resounded in all diperson present who had not uniformly rections, while tears flowed in abunbeen upon good terms with Henry was dance from the anxious bystanders. the Duke d'Epernon. They were, no The Duke d'Epernon continued crying doubt, all occupied in observing the em- incessantly that the king was only hurt: barrassment of the different vehicles upon which the people expressed a dethat obstructed the progress of his sire to see their monarch ; and for this majesty ; in addition to which, the purpose flocked round the vehicle, but blows were struck with the greatest were kept at a distance on being told rapidity. Mathieu states, “ that during it was necessary his majesty should be the morning Ravillac had continued a forthwith conveyed to the Louvre, for great length of time at the Louvre, the purpose of having his wound exseated upon the steps of the portal,

amined. Saint Michel, one of the where the valets were waiting the arri- king's gentlemen in ordinary, had folval of the king. He had intended to lowed the prince, but was not near the strike the blow between the two doors, carriage at the time of the assassination. but he found the Duke d'Epernon on

He came up on hearing the noise, the spot where he had predetermined drew his sword, snatched the bloody to attack the monarch.” This execra- knife from the hand of the regicide, ble villain afterwards acknowledged whom he was on the point of killing, that he had followed Henry in the had not the Duke d'Epernon interposed morning to the church of the Feuillans, to prevent the act. The villain was in order to commit the murder ; but then confided to proper hands, and led that the Duke of Vendome, who arriv- away. During the whole scene every ed, forced him to keep at a distance.

thing continued perfectly quiet at the Not one of the inmates of the carriage arsenal ! saw the king struck ; and, if the san- 6 Two circumstances were particuguinary villain had thrown away the larly remarked,” says Mezerai," from knife, it would not have been known which the reader may draw what inwho had committed the infernal deed. ference he pleases. The one was, All the personages in the vehicle im- that, immediately after the seizure of mediately got out to prevent the people, Ravillac, seven or eight men arrived who flocked from all quarters, from with swords in hand, saying it was tearing the assassin to pieces: three of requisite the assassin should be killthe noblemen stood at the carriage ed; but they instantaneously concealdoor to succour their master; and one, ed themselves among the crowd. The perceiving the blood gush from his other fact was, the murderer’s not bemouth, and that he was speechless, ing immediately conveyed to prison, cried out“ The king is dead!" This but placed in the hands of Montigny: terrible exclamation created the most that he was kept for two days in the dreadful tumult : the people who were hotel de Rais, with so little care, that in the streets rushed into the shops and all ranks of people were permitted to houses, apprehensive of becoming the communicate with him ; and among prey of some unknown enemies, and others, an ecclesiastic greatly indebt

ed to the king, who, having addressed repair the countless evils which forty and styled Ravillac my friend, cau- years of civil warfare, revolts, and tioned the prisoner to beware and those convulsions brought on by annot implicate the innocent.”

archy and disorders of every descripThe confusion and piercing screams tion, had occasioned. Notwithstandwhich at intervals resounded in the ing this, at the period of his decease, bree at length gained the ears of all the debts of the state were liquithe queen. Her majesty inquired the dated, the people eased of the burreason; when, observing nothing but thensome taxations which had comsad countenances, and many bathed pletely overpowered them, and agriin tears, she immediately conceived culture had regained its most flourishthe full extent of the loss sustained. ing condition. We have before adThe princess in consequence rushed verted to the efforts made by Henry from her study, and meeting the in support of the liberal sciences, letchancellor, exclaimed, "Alas! sir, the ters, and the arts : on ascending the king is dead !”_upon which that throne the state was indebted in no grave personage, without testifying less a sum than three hundred and the least emotion, replied : “ Your thirty million; and as money was then majesty must excuse me- -kings never valued at twenty-two livres the mark, die in France." Having then re- the sum was equivalent to upwards of quested her to re-enter the

apartment, eight hundred and ten millions of the Villeroy immediately followed, ex- actual currency; yet every farthing claiming : “ Madam, we must reserve was liquidated ; in addition to which our tears for another occasion, lest in he left twenty-four millions in his shedding them at the present moment treasury, the fruits of a wise economy, we render our affairs desperate : it is that never proved detrimental to your majesty who must now toil for princely munificence, which was carus; we stand in need of remedies, ried to the highest pitch under the and not tears." He then represented auspices of this magnanimous king. that time was precious, and that ad- The result of a careful examination vantage ought to be taken of the ab- of the interrogatories of Ravillac tends sence of the two princes of the blood, to prove that he was a man of heated and the weakness of the third, to de- imagination, who, conceiving, accordclare herself regent during the minori- ing to his statement, that Henry had ty of the king her son. On the same resolved on declaring war against the day, being the 14th of May, the pope, ·and did not take efficient queen was declared regent during measures to convert the Huguenots, the minority of her son, and vested adopted the resolution of assassinating with all the requisite powers and au- him, whom he regarded as a tyrant thority.

that ought to be destroyed; in which The body being embalmed, and ideas he had been strengthened by placed in a leaden coffin, says Pere- the sermons of the infamous preachers fixe, was then deposited in a wooden of the League, who uniformly justified bier covered with cloth of gold, under the act of James Clement. Ravillac, a canopy in the royal apartment. when subjected to torture, uniformly After eighteen days it was conducted maintained that no Frenchman or to St. Denis, and buried with the ac- stranger had been instrumental in customed ceremonies.

urging him to commit the deed; that Henry the Great perished at the the prince had never injured him; age of fifty-seven years and five and that, if his death had remained months, having reigned twenty-one unpunished, it would have been proyears; of which period the five first ductive of no benefit to himself. were spent in fighting for the con- Immediately prior to the dissoluquest of his kingdom, while subse- tion of Ravillac, he most ardently quently he had to maintain the war

craved absolution of De Fillesac and against Spain ; so that Providence Gamache, two able doctors of the only accorded him twelve years to Sorbonne, who attended ; when he

was told that it could not be granted grief on learning the death of Henry unless he divulged the names of his the Fourth. The brave and virtuous accomplices. “I have none,” said De Vic, some time after chancing to Ravillac; “ but give me a conditional pass through the street Ferronnerie, absolution : condemn my soul to Hell where the fatal deed had been perpeflames if I have accomplices; and trated, was seized with such horror at grant me absolution under the pro- the recollection, that he was conducted viso that I have uttered the truth.” home to his hotel and died the followThis was complied with, and the ing day; and Perefixe states, that

many wretch was absolved accordingly. females refused to take sustenance, and

At four o'clock on the evening of became the victims of their rooted grief. the unfortunate day that terminated

No sooner was the monarch's death the earthly career of this great prince, made public than the citizens paraded the inhabitants of Paris, who still con- through Paris, pressing one another by tinued in suspense respecting his the hands, and exclaiming, What will death, were thrown into a general become of us? Others shut themselves state of ferment. It was observed up in their dwellings to weep in privathat all those who issued from their cy for the dreadful calamity sustained. dwellings wandered through the streets Young people were prohibited from and public places, having no other ob- indulging in their accustomed sports ; ject in view but to ascertain for a and the aged addressed them in the certainty the state of the king. One following terms: “ Children, we have only idea occupied every mind; the lost our common father! he was preordinary routine of business, and pri- paring for you days of felicity; and, vate engagements, were wholly for- now, who will watch over you 2,5 gotten ; or, to speak more properly, Nothing was looked for in future but being occupied in thinking of the au- storms and disquietude ; Henry had thor of all public felicity, each con

borne with him to the tomb the felicity ceived that he was dwelling upon his and heartfelt security of the whole individual interest. Every one ap

French nation; for the same regrets proạched his neighbour to make the and melancholy presages were reiterated same inquiries; strangers interrogated throughout the whole realm. The afone another as a matter of course, fliction of the Parisians, however, very while each countenance bore the stamp speedily assumed an alarming aspect : of the deep affliction that reigned this general consternation within. During the whole of this mo- ceeded by the fury of despair ; women mentous period, the inhabitants of the with dishevelled locks rushed through city conducted themselves as brothers; the streets uttering the most frantic the same sentiment predominated over exclamations; while the men, bewilall hearts; the citizens became as one dered from the effects of poignant anfamily united by similar troubles and guish, talked of exemplary vengeance, corresponding emotions. At length, named imaginary accomplices, and however, it was announced that the swore to sacrifice them to their venking was no more! This dreadful con- geance.

The tumult in consequence firmation of the greatest of misfortunes became so terrifying, that the queen was paralyzed with horror the whole popu- compelled to issue orders for its suplation of that vast city. Men fell pression ; she directed the duke d'Eperspeechless in the streets ; and many

non to proceed on horseback, accominstances are upon record of individuals panied by all the noblemen of the who suddenly expired on this mournful court who could be assembled ; and occasion. Among others was a most in this manner the cavalcade proceeded wealthy and respectable citizen named through the capital, the duke constantly Marchant, who had at his own expense haranguing the assembled crowds,whom erected the bridge of the Change: this he with infinite difficulty succeeded in worthy citizen expired from excess of bringing to reason.


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(Extracted from Blackwood's Magazine.)

HUNT AND HAZLITT. WE, Leigh the First, Autocrat of all the Cockneys, command our trusty and well-belor. ed cousin and counsellor, William Hazlitt, Gentleinan of the Press, &c. &c &c., to furnish forthwith, in virtue* of his allegiance, an article for Blackwood's Magazine-in which there shall be nothing taken out of the Edinburgh Review or any other Periodicals for wbich the said William Hazlitt scribbleth, and in which there shall be as little as may be possible to the Gentleman of the Press aforesaid, about " candied coats of the auricula,”—" a fine paste of poetic diction evcrusting" something or another clear waters, dews, moonlit bowers, Sally L-," &c. &c. As witness our' hand.

. Liunto, Imperatore e Re di Cocagna.


No. I.

On Nursery Rhymes in general.
To me the meanest flower that blows can give

Thoughts, that do often lie too deep for tears.

WEET are the dreams of child- finer thing now. One could not then

hood, but sweeter the strains that be radical, if one would. Now it is delight its early ears !+ We would tout au contraire-- Whigs and Radigive anything to recall those pleasant cals have met together-Jeffrey and times, when we thought Jack Horner Hunt have embraced each other. And finer than anything in Shakspeare. it is right they should. Jeffrey is the And sometimes we think so still ! « Prince of Critics and King of Men;" What a poet was he who composed just as Leigh Hunt is King of Cockall these sweet nursery verses—the aigne, by divine right. They are your violet bed not sweeter ! Yet he died only true legitimates. They are like <

without a name!" How unintelligible the two kings of Brentford! There they are, and yet how easily under they sit upon their thrones-the Exstood! They are like Wordsworth! aminer and the Edinburgh Review(but oh, how unlike !) and we admire sedet, eternumque sedebit-“both warthem for the same reason that we do bling of one note, both in one key." him. How many young lips have Each w doth bestride his little world breathed out these “snatches of old like a Colossus”—(little, but oh! how songs,” making the breeze about them great !) There they are teres et rotun“ discourse most eloquent music !dus ; while Universal Suffrage, like Wherever these rhymes 6 do love to “ Universal Pan, knit with the graces” haunt, the air is delicate.” Let us of Whiggism, leads on the eternal try to make them “ as palpable to the dance! We have said in The London, feeling” of others, as they are to our that “ to assume a certain signature,

and write


and criticisms in THE We once said in Constable's Maga- LONDON MAGAZINE, was a consumzine, that “to be an Edinburgh re- mation of felicity hardly to be beviewer, was the highest distinction in lieved.” But what is writing in the literary society;" because, about that Edinburgh Review, or the New Monthtime, we began to write in the Edin- ly, or the London, compared to writing burgh Review. We were proud of it in Blackwood's Magazine ? That, afthen, and we are so yet !-- But it is a ter all, is your only true passport to * In the original MS. wartue.

+ Quære, years.-Printer's devil. # Mr. Hazlitt here omits the name of another sovereign, of whom he thus speaketh in the Edinburgh Review--- The Scotsman is an excellent paper, with but one subjectPolitical Economy—but the Editor may be said to be King of it!" But perhaps he bethought him afterwards, that to be “ King of one subject," was no very brilliant sovereignty.


Fame. We thought otherwise once briefer than Hannah More's) do we —but we were wrong !-Well, better find in them! What can be more late than never. But we must get to strenuous, in its way, than the detestour subject.

ation of slovenliness inspired by the What admirable pictures of duty following example ? The rhyme itself (finer than Mr Wordsworth's Ode to seems “to have caught the trick” of Duty) are now and then presented to carelessness, and to wanton in the inus in these rhymes !—what powerful spiration of the subject ! exhortations to morality (stronger and

See saw, Margery Daw, sold her bed, and lay in the straw ;

Was not she a dirty slut, to sell her bed, and lie in the dirt ? Look at the paternal affection (regardless of danger) so beautifully exemplified in this sweet lullaby :

Bye, baby bunting ! papa's gone a hunting,

To catch a little rabbit-skin, to wrap the baby bunting in.
There is a beautiful spirit of humanity and a delicate gallantry in this one.
The long sweep of the verse reminds one of the ladies' trains in Watteau's pic-

One a penny, two a penny, hot cross-buns,
If your daughters do not like them, give them to your sons ;
But if you should have none of these pretty little elves,

You cannot do better than to eat them yourselves.
Economy is the moral of the next. It is worth all the Tracts of the Cheap
Repository !

When I was a little boy, I lived by myself,

And all the bread and cheese I got I put upon the shelf. What can be more exquisite than the way in which the most abstruse sciences are conveyed to the infant understanding ? Here is an illustration of the law of gravitation, which all Sir Richard Phillips's writings against Newton will never overthrow !-

Rock a bye, baby, on the tree top,
When the wind blows the cradle will rock :
If the bough breaks, the cradle will fall,

Then down tumbles baby and cradle and all. The theories of the Political Economists are also finely explained in this verse, which very properly begins with an address to J. B. Say, who has said the same thing in prose :

See, Say, a penny à-day, Tommy must have a new master

Why must he have but a penny a-day? Because he can work no faster. This is better than the Templar's Dialogues on the Political Economy in The London, and plainer and shorter than the Scotsman. It is as good as the Ricardo Lecture. Mr. M'Culloch could not have said anything more profound !

There is often a fine kind of pictured poetry about them. In this verse, for instance, you seem to hear the merry merry ring of the bells, and you see the tall white steed go glancing by :

Ride a cock-horse to Bamborough Cross,
To see a fair lady sit on a white horse !
With rings on her fingers, and bells on her toes,

That she may bave music wherever she goes.
There is also a rich imagination about the four-and-twenty black-birds,
baked in a pye;" it is quite oriental, and carries you back to the Crusades.
But, upon the whole, we prefer this lay, with its fearful and tragic close :

Bye, baby bumpkin, where's Tony Lumpkin ?
My lady's on her death-bed, with eating half a pumpkin

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