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without feeling that, gifted as he was, body, because of the freedom of his with a soul above the mark of other poetry, and the carelessness of his life. men, his domestic misfortunes called And why was not Byron laid among for our pity as surely as his genius the illustrious men of England, in Westcalled for our admiration. When the minster Abbey ? Is there a poet in all career of Burns was closed, I saw an- the Poet's Corner who has better right other sight—a weeping widow and four to that distinction ? Why was the door helpless sons ; they came into the closed against him, and opened to the streets in their mournings, and public carcases of thousands without merit, sympathy was awakened afresh ; I and without name ? Look round the shall never forget the looks of his boys, walls, and on the floor over which you and the compassion which they ex- tread, and behold them encumbered cited. The poet's life had not been and inscribed with memorials of the without errors, and such errors, too, as mean and the sordid and the impure, a wife is slow in forgiving ; but he was as well as of the virtuous and the great. honoured then, by the unalienable af- Why did the Dean of Westminster refection of his wife, and the world refuse admission to such an heir of fame pays her prudence and her love by its as Byron? if he had no claim to lie regard and esteem.
within the consecrated precincts of the Burns, with all his errors in faith Abbey, he has no right to lie in conseand in practice, was laid in hallowed crated ground at all. There is no doubt earth, in the churchyard of the town that the pious fee for sepulture would where he resided ; no one thought of have been paid--and it is not a small closing the churchyard of the town one. Hail to the church of England, where he resided ; no one thought of if her piety is stronger than her avarice. closing the church gates against his
SKETCHES OF SOCIETY.
(Euro. Mag.) THE STARERS.
“Rusticus expectat dum defluat amnis," etc.--Horat.
exhibit a vacant countenance; hat so often that he was laughed at, a and he or she who knows little, will crowd raised round him, and lastly, be surprised at almost every thing. eased of his money and beaver; a From these causes we see the rustic, third, (that of old Horace) who goes with broad, open eye, gaze at the so far as to make his country bumpshops of the metropolis,-elevate his kin wait until the river runs by him, eye-brows with astonishment at every which, with due deference to this new object,-gape, to stultification, at learned and witty writer, is a great the highly-dressed dame and dandy, stretch indeed. Be that, however, as whom he supposes to be a duchess or it may, we have, in the British mea peer, from their gaudy trappings, tropolis, a very striking example that (although, perchance, they may be a extremes approximate, in the custom cyprian and an 'adventurer.) Whilst which the higher orders have of he stops, and fixes each (to him) unac- bringing themselves down to the level countable novelty in the living magic of the vulgar and unpolished, by a lantern of the town. Various are the habit - I might almost say a system, stories told at the expense of such of curious, insolent, prying, examinignorants :-one, that a countryman ing, analyzing, and arrogant staring ; stopped short for six hours at Temple- nor is this indelicate, inurbane cusbar, expecting that the crowd would tom confined to rank or sex, since we go by; another, that poor Giles made have starers and glass-adjusters, from way for so many ladies and gentle- the conceited lord down to the am
phibious fopling without' á name, ing curl on an ivory forehead, and to whose
ways of life are as various and envy or censure the multiplied floununcertain, as the changeful features ces, feathers, or other external ornaand hues of Proteus and the Came- ments; I say external, for real mind leon; and from the front of brass of has no share in these operations : the lost woman on the pavé of London, same perfect sex has trenched upon up to the haughty Duchess, who, the usurpations of the male children from her barouche or opera box, takes of pride, by eye-ing the minor classes the measure of you, as if you were with that putting down glance which unworthy to be placed “ betwixt the sins against Christian charity, but wind and (her) nobility.” In our which, for the time, serves the purparks, our gardens and our streets, pose of imposing, nay, also in our churches, theatres, “ And fills up all the mighty void of sense." and drawing-rooms, the starers are Happily there are men and women daily increasing, and annoying modes who have hearts and heads above ty, decency, timidity, the stranger, this common fault and trespass on the supposed inferior, and the softer humanity ; but the number of delinsex. Amongst men, (who ought to quents is still very great indeed, and have more sense than to possess such they are likely to augment, from thus a defect) we have legions of them, triumphing in error, and annoying blocking up passages at the opera and with impunity. The starers out of other dramatic houses, levelling their countenance of manly appearance (to glasses, like pointed cannon, at every seem and to be are not the same) so coming face, if new. The stare of seldom meet with the punishment impertinent curiosity is painful to which they deserve, or are so cowardmeet, seeming as if it would say, ly, in selecting meek, mild, and bash“ Damme, who have we here ?" If ful persons to act against, that very it be as hackneyed as their own, it is little hopes of their amendment can brass meeting brass ; yet the thing is reasonably be entertained; and the still shocking, where the glass does bold gentlewomen, or rather, the bold not act as a shield to the offending women, who ought to be gentle, have eye, the offensive weapon is used in been so long tolerated in this breach a barefaced act of unmanly want of of decorum, that their conversions feeling, and the pupil of a fool is seem also a little doubtful; but if seebent in divers directions over the per- ing themselves in print can prove son of a lady, or a stranger ill accus- beneficial, by inducing them to selftomed to such barbarity ; sometimes correction, I shall feel amply paid for the fashionable gazer or glass-cocker the regrets which I have entertained scrutinizes the dress of his fellow man, on their account, and for the time or monkey, to detect any anomalies thus dedicated to their reformation. in the science of the toilet, and pro- Let them be persuaded, that one of nounces his victim a vul-gar fel-low, the most amiable qualities of their (thus syllabled) or a quiz, (a word sex is the yielding to the voice of adevidently derived from unbecoming, vice, and that the triumph over self contemptuous inquiry-quis ? Who is the brightest of their conquests. have we got here? as already stated.) The amiable woman who can own In our other sex, proud females toss her errors and feebleness, has a direct aloft their light heads, taking a bird's claim to protection, and to added afeye view of all around them, and fection, but the enterprizing woman, shooting the darts of malice at those (whatever be her rank) who turns whom sympathy and identity of sex round to stare one of her own sex out ought to make objects of protection of countenance, or measures her man, and sensibility. Here we have a liv- as if for single combat, assumes all ing doll dissecting the dress of a re- the hardihood of the other sex, and tiring female,-using her organs of loses all that is dearest in her owndistinctiveness to count a thread in a unsullied purity of mind and conduct. veil, a wrinkle in a stocking, a wind- The maniken who wears a glass, with
out being near-sighted, and who uses innocent, and who would blight the it not for convenience, but for the an- blossom of immaculacy by their gross *noyance of others, is as troublesome, oglings and pestiferous breath. All and little more sufferable, than the those who thus transgress, and sporting dog, which being destined
“Give virtue scandal-innocence a fear, for the field, is introduced into the Or from the sot-eyed virgin steal a tear," parlour, where the brute is out of whether it be done by the breath of place, and perhaps becomes a terror detraction, or the eye's approach in a to the aged-to women and children. guilty form, ought to meet personal But there are higher offenders than chastisement from their own sex, and these, namely, those who cast impure be consigned to the contempt of the glances on all that is captivating and other.
OF THE METALS.
of metals, or oxides.-Potassium when
put into water abstracts the oxygen WE
E will now take a slight glance so rapidly from the water, that it
at those parts of chemistry which takes fire and is converted into potash. come more especially under the con
The class of bodies called metals sideration of the mineralogist. First may generally be distinguished by the let us examine the metals. These
peculiar lustre which such of their are now considered as consisting of particles as have not been exposed forty-two. We will enumerate them, to the atmosphere exhibit upon fracand slightly touch upon those which ture. Thus, potassium, if cut, will are not so generally known.
exhibit in its interior this peculiar
metallic lustre. This metal then, as 7. Copper.
we said above, becomes, by uniting
with oxygen, potash, one of the alka5. Mercury.
lis, a class of bodies which has been
treated of before. Thus, by a curious These are more especially metals. alternation of opinion, the metals are The others exist, many of them in shown to be the originals of the earths, nature only, united with oxygen or
instead of the earths the originals of some acid.
the metals. From this consideration
naturally arises a curious examination 13. Potassium. This metal unites readily with
of the vast quantity of oxygen, which oxygen, and forms potash. 14. Sodium. This when united with oxygen forms in one state or another is distributed
through the universe. The generality
of the earths are metallic oxides, or 18. Magnium magnesia.
oxygen united with a metallic base. barytes.
To enumerate a few. The vast chalk
hills which appear so frequently in all yttria.
parts of our island, are masses of lime glucina.
united with carbonic acid. In each
of these two bodies oxygen exists in 28. Antimony.
a great quantity. Lime is the oxide 29. Manganese.
of a metal called calcium : and carbonic acid, as we have noticed above,
is the union of carbon and oxygen; 33. Tungsten. 34. Molybdenum.
thus the greatest part of the compound
must be oxygen. Again, in the vast Many of these are little known. beds of clay oxygen forms a great How wonderful a discovery it is, that portion. Alumine (or pure clay) is many of the earths are in fact the rust an oxide of a metal called aluminum;
15. Ammonium forms ammonia. 16. Lithiuin
lithina. 17. Calcium
Barium 20. Strontium 21. Silicium 22. Aluminum 23. Yttrium 24. Glucium 25. Zircopium
26. Arsenic. 27. Bismuth.
30. Selenium. 31. Tellurium. 32. Cobalt.
and thus might we go through all the lutely necessary. The great differearths and assert the same fact. ence between these pursuits is, that
But to return from our digression. the mineralogist regards all the miOf all the metals iron is the most nute particles he finds on the globe ; abundant. Scarcely a vein of any the geologist, on the other hand, views mineral substance is found, with which the masses which form the crust of it does not in some portion mix. There the earth. The rarest specimens, are some purposes for which iron is which are most valuable in the colinvaluable. No other of the metals, lection of the mineralogist, would to for example, possesses like powers of him be useless. He regards the age, magnetic attraction, only one, indeed, the surrounding strata, and the probabesides itself, (nickel,) possesses in ble formation of the masses which he any considerable degree the same meets with ; the mineralogist views virtue. Nickel is a scarce metal. It alone the body as it is, and wishes to forms a great proportion of those me- class it with similar compounds. But teoric stones which are found in many though there is this great distinction parts of the world, and concerning between the geologist and the minethe origin and formation of which ralogist, no one can pursue to great much doubt exists.
advantage the science of geology withSodium, though little known of it- out having previously obtained some self, may claim a place in this enu- knowledge of mineralogy ; because he meration from the importance of one does not know the constituents of the of its compounds. And here I do not bodies of which he treats. Mineralmean soda, which is its compound ogy may then be considered as the with oxygen, and which is so useful grammar of geology, and chemistry not only as a medicine but also as a as the grammar of mineralogy.-We luxury of life, but to one more strictly may further see the value of the scispeaking a necessary-I mean com ence of chemistry, from its necessary mon salt, which is no more than a connexion with the enlightened studcompound formed by the union of ies of the agriculturist. We might chlorine and sodium, or a chloride of also shew its importance in this point sodium.
of view even more immediately from The other metals which close its subjecting to examination the comthe list are little known and put to ponent parts of all vegetable matter. so little use, that to do more than But we will not detain our readers to enumerate them would be super- longer upon this point. fluous in a treatise which is intended We would only suggest, upon a rerather to give a taste for chemistry, view of the whole, that the perversion than to satisfy the taste if already ac- of intellect must indeed be great,which quired.
can lead the follower of these most So intimately are the various interesting studies to materialism and branches of literature connected, that atheism. To every well regulated some slight knowledge of chem- mind the diversified works of nature istry is an indispensable requisite. It must afford incessant proofs of the is so in the first place to the mineral- power, wisdom, and goodness of God, ogist. For the various bodies which and lead us to exclaim, with our great he will have to examine on the crust poetof the earth, are almost all either
“These are thy glorious works, Parent of good ; chemical compounds formed in the Almighty! thine this universal frame, vast laboratory of nature; or, at least, Thus wondrous fair ! thyself how wondrous then ! are reduced into their present state Unspeakable! who sitt’st above these heavens, by the action of chemical causes.
To us invisible, or dimly seen Again, to the geologist the study of In these thy lowliest works : get these declare mineralogy is in some degree abso-Thy goodness beyond thought, and power divine!
8 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d. series.
(Loud. Lit. Gaz.)
In Letters to Sir Walter Scott.
BY JOHN MACCULLOCH, M.D. F.R.s. &c. A TASK of greater weight than the certificate.
I assured her that my systematic reading of these four case was not in her line ; but by dint ponderous and closely printed volumes, of the Napoleon practice, I was reshas not fallen to our lot since our edito- cued from this tedious substitute for rial functions were so good-naturedly a halter ; and, in a week, was able to undertaken by us for the public benefit. receive the congratulations of all the The American Boy would be lost in auld wives, and young ones too, of the calculating the number of pages, sen- neighburhood. I must agree with you, tences, words, syllables and letters, of Sir Walter, that it is an odd sex in our which they are composed. For our hours of ease : and the rest follows. selves we are at a dead stand still on Half of the whole sex of Dollar, kind the single question, “Is it really pos creatures, came out of their houses sible to peruse them from beginning to when they saw the stranger gentleman end ?” At any rate we can but dip for crawling up the hill, like a spectre our friends this week ; and shall en- from the vaults of Castle Campbell, deavour to muster more courage for to offer him seats, and milk, and what future exertions.
not; and when I returned many years Our worthy Doctor is wonderfully afterwards, to see and again to thank playful and sprightly, considering his my obstetric hosts, I was received, unwieldy bulk. The mountain is not not as one who had been a source of solid—it is a hill of whipt syllabub : trouble, but as an old friend. Cerdrollery, fun, and the most portentous tainly, when I can choose the inn in efforts of humour pervade these migh which I am to have a fever, it shall ty tomes. At hazard we take the ac- be at Dollar. count of Dollar as a specimen :
“What a piece of work is man! “It is the Doctor tells us after a He certainly is, master Shakspeare. digression for the purpose of pointing Because his pulse takes a fancy to out the true road hither, that I have beat 82 instead of 72, he is unable, in thus far encroached on my limits; twelve hours, to sit up in his bed: and and chiefly for the sake of Castle when he gets out of it at length to enCampbell, scarcely known, though joy the fresh air he must hold fast by known to exist ; named, but named the wall he could have jumped over as if it was an every-day sight, and a few days before. If the pulse conpassed every day, by hundreds who tinues rebellious, the carpenter comes are satisfied with knowing that they and nails him
and nails him up in a box, and all his are near it, and with hearing a few half finished schemes are at an end. wretched puns upon its name. Some one says, that if a watchmaker's
“ But I ought to be silent about the productions did not go better, he puns : for the Dea of puns, if there is would get very little practice. However such a one in Varro's list, seemed to that may be, the sun never shines so have pronounced a judgment on me warm, the flies never hum such sweet for my contempt. Certainly Dollar music, the mossy bank never looks so was a cause of dolour to me ; as I green, and never does the air breathe was condemned to lie still for a week, such perfume, as when he first returns and wonder at what particular hour from the edge of the grave to smell I should be choked with a squinancy. the breeze that blows from the wallThe throat is an awkward contriv- flowers of Castle Campbell ; or of any ance ; because, as legislators know, it other castle.” is easily stopped up. Fortunately, Having got well, the Doctor's next Dollar, or Dolour contained no doctor. and bolder attempt was to climb Ben The landlady, however, was the how- Ledi, and he thus facetiously goes on die of the village, and came to tender to the result. her services, producing Dr. Young's “ It was not for want of making the