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RUBENS.

of the neighbourhood believed them to function, termed dyspepsia, has been be the bones of a giant, others of a commonly ascribed to the prevalence mammoth ; while amateurs of histori- of acetous acid in the stomach ; but cal memorials consider them as the re- for the purpose of determining the mains of one of the elephants of Han- point, and consequently for adminisnibal's army ; but the learned writer tering such antidotes as the improved who gave, in the Gazette de Lyon, the state of medical science might suggest, details of this discovery, traces the or- Dr. Prout last year made some experiigin of this skeleton to the revolutions ments on the acid ejected from the of the globe, anterior to all the docu- stomach, and found it to be the muri. ments of antiquity. The excavations atic acid, and not the acetous. Mr. are still carried on. Amongst the ele- Children says ;—"An acquaintance of phant bones have also been found some mine, who occasionally suffers severely bones of the ox.

from dyspepsia, and was somewhat

sceptical as to Dr. Prout's conclusions, Rubens, as is well known, first saw lately requested me to examine the the light in Cologne; and in Star- fluid ejected from his stomach during street (says a correspondent who has a violent dyspeptic paroxysm the day lately visited that city,) a name hap- before, with the view of ascertaining pily auguring the advent of that lumi. the nature of the free acid it contained. nary, destined to shine with so emi. The fluid which had been thrown nent a lustre in the hemisphere of art. from the stomach in the morning The house is a spacious mansion, and fasting, when filtered, was perfectly at present converted into what is here transparent and nearly colourless : called a “ Wine House ;" where the it gave a decided red tint to litmus Colonians, after the business of the day, paper. I distilled about six ounces of congregate to sip a glass of rhenish, or it almost to dryness, at a gentle heat, wash down with a flask of beer the receiving the product in three separate fumes of the eternal pipe, which to a equal portions. One-half of each porGerman seems as necessarily the appen- tion was treated with nitrate of silver. dage of his mouth, as his coat is of his The first had no effect on litmus paback. On each side of the street door, per, and scarcely gave the slightest and fixed in the wall, is a black mar

cloud with the test. The second be. ble tablet, bearing gilt lettered inscrip- came slightly clouded by the test, but tions in the German language, from the was equally without any action on the pen of Professor Walrof. One records blue paper. The third portion redthe birth, parentage, and other parti- dened the paper strongly, and producculars relating to the illustrious artist; ed an abundant dense cloud, when I the other informs us that in this house dropped into it the nitrate of silver, Mary of Medicis, the queen of Henry and a pretty copious precipitate colIV. found a refuge from the persecu- lected at the bottom of the tube. The tions of her enemies, after the tragical remaining half of the third portion death of the king, and was conducted was evaporated by a gentle heat to thither by Rubens himself. On the about half a fluid drachm. The prewall of the entrance passage are paint-cipitate which a drop of it placed on ed in large characters these latin verses, a slip of glass, occasioned with a drop which are also by the venerable and of nitrate of silver, was insoluble in accomplished Professor :

nitric acid, and perfectly soluble in “Spectator vario Domus bæc distinguitur Astro ammonia ; another drop, similarly

treated with muriate of barytes, gave Sed qui Reiginæ Patrium Donaret Apellem Ingemuit Profugæ fata Suprema Locus.” no precipitate nor cloud. The re

mainder was neutralized with pure The Annals of Philosophy contain ammonia, farther evaporated, and a valuable notice from Mr. Children poured on a slip of glass, when it afon the chemical nature of the acid forded a multitude of well-defined found in the human stomach. The crystals of muriate of ammonia. The distressing disorder of the digestive presence of free muriatic acid in the

Nascitur heic Rubens huc Medicæa fugit

MURIATIC ACID IN THE STOMACH.

Hence graphy.

IMPROVEMENTS:

FRENCH ANECDOTE.

ejected fluid from the stomach, and paper, royal 8vo. in two columns, in a dia. consequently Dr. Prout's conclusions, mond letter. The execution of the part we seem thus to be fully confirmed by ed amongst the finest chef-d'æuvre of typo

have seen is exquisite, and may be reckonthe preceding experiments.” Hence we have the means pointed out of greatly mitigating, if not actually re

Some leading capitalists have lately taken moving, the distressing complaints of into consideration the utility of enlarging this class by the neutralizing agency and deepening the present line of canal of the alkalies.

between Portsmouth and London, so as to render it a ship canal. The practicability,

as well as the immense advantages of such In the reign of Louis IX. when, not an undertaking, are apparent; for if it withstanding the virtues of the mon

were carried into effect, the present delays arch, the people were in abject slave and risks of a circuitous coasting and

Channel navigation would be completely ry to the higher orders, the following avoided by a safe and ready communicaoccurrence took place, which is relat- tion. ed by Joinville in a manner that shows A rail-road between Liverpool and Manhe considered it a very amusing cir- chester has been projected; the distance

is 33 1-16th miles. The surveys are nearly cumstance. Count Henri de Cham- completed. Independent of the great benepagne going to mass, found on the fits which the commercial interest will steps of the church a poor chevalier on derive from the project, both as regards his knees, who said to him “My lord time and cheapness, the landed interest in

the vicinity of the line, will derive very count, I entreat you, in the name of

great benefit. The public in general enterheaven, to give me something with tain wrong impressions respecting railwhich I may marry off my two daugh- roads : they never hear them mentioned ters; for I am destitute of all means without referring to such as are seen in for that purpose.” Artand de No. the neighbourhood of coal pits and stone

quarries. But such improvements have gent, a rich merchant, who was behind taken place, that they are no longer the the count, remarked to the chevalier, same thing. Besides which, a rail-road “ You do wrong in asking my lord for

without a locomotive engine, is something

like a cart without a horse, a trade without any thing, for he has given away so

profit, or a canal without water. much that he has nothing left to give."

The riband-manufacture of Coventry and The count, hearing this turned towards neighbourhood is in a more flourishing state Artand, “ Villain !” cried he, “ you at the present season than has ever been are in the wrong, to say I have nothing

remembered; as an adequate supply for left to give, while I have you; and I caused a general advance in wages through

the demand cannot be produced, which has will give you to him.. Here, chevalier, out the trade, and a trifling one also in I give and guarantee him to you !" manufactured stock. Silks have risen very The poor chevalier, not at all surpris- considerably in price, with an expectation ed, seized on Artand firmly by the

of an additional advance, in consequence of

the unprecedented consumption leaving the collar, telling him that he would not market unusually bare. let him go, without some arrangement;

It is in contemplation to form a Joint and the merchant was compelled to Stock Company for the construction of a five hundred livres by way of ran

railway between London and Edinburgh, pay

for the conveyance of goods and passensom!

gers; the propelling power to be locomotive

and stationary steam-engines. It is underTYPOGRAPHICAL CURIOSITY.

stood t'iat the distance between these two The old expression of “Homer in a nuts places may be reduced to about 340 miles, shell," is become no longer wonderful and if the same rate of travelling be adopte Shakspeare's Plays, in a small foolscaped on this road as is proposed for the LiverSvo. volume, seemed almost to fix the limit pool and Birmingham railway, namely, of fine printing ; but even Mr. Whitting eight miles an hour for goods, and twelve ham's efforts are surpassed by M. Jules Dic miles an hour for passengers, the time of dot. He is now printing an edition of the French Poets in one volume 8vo.!! price be reduced to forty-three and twenty-nine

conveyance between these two places will one hundred francs. Four pounds for an

hours respectively. 8vo. volume without plates is, we believe, the highest price ever heard of; yet what amateur of French poetry would not give 41. The New Academy in Edinburgh was for ap uniform edition of all the best au. opened on the 1st of October. About 400 thors. The volume will contain about boys were assembled. Sir W. Scott first 1400 pages printed on very thin vellum rose and addressed the meeting in an elo

SIR WALTER SCOTT.

fall;

to all."

qnent and liberal speech. He dilated on post-roads and statistical divisions, as well the advantages of a good education, and as their most interesting physical features, touched upon the leading features of the will be carefully delineated. Size of the institution. Sir Walter particularly noticed plates 12 inches by 9. the intention of making the Greek language Our neighbours the French, if they are a principal study there ; and alluded to

a century behind us in the magnitude of the present struggle between the Greeks commercial euterprizes, have often of late and the Barbarians in terins which were taken the lead of us in immense literary engreeted with high applause. The institu- terprizes. Collections of one hundred tion commences under the most flattering volumes are subscribed for as readily as prospects.

works of only two or three volumes. Five

or six editions of Voltaire and Rousseau Impromptu, on seeing an Accident on a new Mac

issue from the press every year. M Lefevre adamized Pavement.

is publishing at the same time a splendid “ Your roads are not level,” said a fellow one day,

edition of the French Classics, in 100 As crossing o'er Bridge-street he happened to

volumes royal 8vo. and a miniature edition

of 50 volumes in 32mo. Mr. Panckoucke * Oh, leave it to Time," said M'Adam, “I pray:". subscribed 5000 of his Dictionary of Medi“Ah, indeed," said the man, " Time will level cine, in 60 volumes; and he is now printing

à collection which will reach several hunA new clock is in progress for St. Paul's dred volumes, under the title of TranslaChurch, London. The vestrymen of the

tions of all the Greek, Latin, Italian, Eng, churcb have it in contemplation to iutro. lish, Spanish, &c. Classics. duce gas, and an illuminated face, so as to Two peasants of Macerata-Fetta, near give to the neighbourhood the full advan- Fort Leo, in digging a pit, at the beginning tage of this desirable object by night, as of May, discovered something concealed well as by day..

below the surface. They informed their

master, who immediately came to the spot, ANTI-ANIMAL-EATING SECT.

with three friends and a smith. With great A new Society of Christians has been difficulty they raised from the ground a formed at Manchester, who profess, as one brass chest bound with iron. The smith of their leading tenets, so abstain wholly opened it, and they found in it the follow. from animal food, and to live entirely on ing valuable articles ;-many ruds and vesvegetables. They have for some time rig: sels of gold; a crown ornamented with dia. idly followed this practice, and though it moods; a great quantity of female orna. is expressly founded on their literal inter

ments; cloths of amianthus, with borders pretation of the command thou shalt not

embroidered in gold; gold candlesticks, kill, yet the medical effects have confirmed with ancient inscriptions, &c. The chest is one fact long disputed in the physiology-- five feet long, two broad, and two and a viz. that man can be sustained in robust

half deep. Some persons conjecture that health better on vegetable and farinaceous these jewels may have belonged to Berendiet than on flesh. The whole of that nu

gar, Duke of lvea, and King of Italy, who, merous Society now exist on vegetables, in his war with the Emperor Otho L. fortifi. and enjoy the most perfect health and ed himself with his Queen Gilda, on the celestrength.

brated rock of St. Leo, where he was beLITERARY NOVELTIES.

sieged, anii, together with his consort, fell L. E. L. the fair authoress of the Impro. into the hands of Otho, who sent them both visatrice, has in the press the Troubadour, to Germany. the Spanish Maiden, and other Poems.

NEW WORKS. The Remains and Memoir of the late

Journal Anecdotique de Madame CamRev. Charles Wolfe, A.B. Curate of Don).

pan, 8vo. 128.--Scott's Winter Tales, royal oughmore, author of the Poem on the

18mo. 98.--The Writer's Clerk, 3 vols. 6. Burial of Sir John More,'* will, we are 12mo. 21s.--The Hermit in Italy, 3 vols. informed, be printed from the author's own 12mo. 188.--Dibdin's Comic Tales, f.cap manuscripts, under the care of the Rev. J. Svo. 75.-Watt's Remarkable Events, 8vo. A: Rupell, M.A. Chaplain to the Lord Lieu.

10s. 6d.--Smith's Art of Drawing, 8vo. 128. tenant of treland. They will contain the - Maxwell's Beauties of Ancient History, author's poetical pieces, &c. and a selection 8vo. 8s.---The Edinburgh Review, No. 81, from his Sermons, and be comprised in 2 63.-Colo's Bibliographical Tour from vols . 12mo.

Scarborough to the Library of a PhilobiTwo volumes of the poetical works of blist, 8vo. 88, ; large paper, 12s —Halkett's Mr. Henry Neele are said to be in the Notes on the North American Indians, press, and a third volume preparing: 8vo. 10s. 6d.-Noble on the Plenary Inspi

Mr. Arrowsmith intends to publish, early ratiou of the Scriptures, 8vo. 135.- Pitin the ensuing year (prefaced by a portrait man's Course of Sermons, 2 vols. 8vo. 188. of his late Father,) a set of " Outlines of More's Spirit of Prayer, f.cap 8vo. 6s.the World,” illustrated in 45 Maps of its Holderness' Manual of Devotion, 12mo. 4s. various countries, on which their principal - The Mystery of Godliness, 12mo. 45.

poem, about which so much has been Forsyth's Medical Dieteticon, 12mo. 6s. 6d. said, first appeared in a Derry Newspaper. --Brown on Cholera in British India, 8vo.

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AS the haunts of the fallow-deer or secure. At night a straggler from the

venays are generally far from the community is sure of its fate; as the abodes of men, and as they live in con- jaguars hunt in packs, and are very tinual alarm from the depredations of quick-scented. One trait of the South the host of enemies, beasts and birds of American deer is worthy of notice. prey, and even reptiles, that beset them, In Europe, a hunted deer is driven but for the extraordinary instinct or from amongst the herd, and abandoned sagacity Nature has endowed them to its fate : here, the guardians of the with, for their preservation, the race flock succour even a stranger of their must long since have been extinct. community. I apprehend, that during The impenetrable mountains of the the fawning season the females and Cordilleras are inhabited by immense fawns suffer more than the males, as herds of these animals; a species of the young are obliged to be deposited the stag-kind also sometimes herds in thickets, and the eagle and vulture amongst them, though, as there seems are always watching over-head. The a great aversion to this commixture, it large brown snake is also a great demust be considered as dictated by some stroyer of them, but the jaguar and necessary or instinctive policy. In wild-cat their worst enemies. those haunts are also to be met the There are about four bucks to one doe cabia montes, or mountain-goat, so in the herd, which shows what destrucmuch admired for its symmetry of form tion there must be of the latter. The and delicious flavour. The intricate colours of the deer are various, and and steep pathways leading to their mostly beautifully dappled upon yelcouching haunts are mostly in clefts of low, white, and dun. The stag is rocky precipices, inaccessible to beasts generally of a dusky brown. Hunting of

prey; and even a nimble dog can those animals is a source both of amusescarcely skip from rock to rock, to the ment and emolument to the Indian outposts where their videttes are plac- tribes in high latitudes, and they may ed. Should any of theni venture, they be said to have brought it to high persoon have occasion to repent their fection. Having ascertained the haunts temerity.

of the animals for about a week, the It is not uncommon to see the ja- whole tribe assemble before daybreak: guar, the tiger,&c. who have the hardi- some ascend the highest trees, to mark hood to attack their outposts, hurled their progress; others couch under by the butting sentinels, the horned leaves, so as to impound them when patriarchs of the flock, down a preci- they betake themselves to their fastpice of five or six hundred feet : so nesses; then the whole tribe, men, that, unless impelled by extreme hun- women, and boys, stretch over a vast ger, they never attack them, except in tract of country, and, assisted by their their more open pastures. As those curs and horns, make every kind of ravenous creatures are dormant during hideous noises obliging them to quit the day, the deer are then partly their grazing spots while the dew is on * 52. ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.

the ground. As the deer assemble, When the hunters can no longer prothey form in complete marching order, voke them to rush on the stuffed tigers, preceded by the elder or patriarchs, &c. they make signals to those overwhile the bucks of the second class head to throw lighted flambeaux bring up the rear, to protect the fe- amongst them. This causes them to males and young, and repel any at- make a desperate effort to escape, and tacks. In this manner they arrive at when the Indians have hurried a suffitheir haunts; while the Indians ad- cient number down the precipices, they vancing from all directions, prevent suffer the females and the fawns, and their retreat, by closing up all the em some of the bucks, to escape. Indeed, bouchures or openings, and while the they seem very much averse to destroydeer are forming in battle-array, pre- ing a doe at all, and always liberate pare the instruments of destruction, the doe fawns. In those excursions viz. large lances, resinous torches, and they take on an average from four to nooses fixed to long poles. The wo- five hundred. In taking the Ciervo men are also busy stuffing jaguar and Grande, or Large Stag, they seldom tiger skins. The Indians having made get more than from thirty to fifty; but proper crevices, dug into the grit and of the mountain-goat they catch an brown rock which form the paths, ad- immense number; they enter the cayvance. The images of the wild beasts erns in the rocks by night, and pursue are now presented, to intimidate the them by torch-light; and frequently deer, from breaking, which the bucks yoke a great many of them together no sooner perceive than they make a alive, although the flesh loses its filayiolent effort to strike them into the vour from the effort to domesticate gulf,—their animosity to those beasts them, and they scarcely ever lose their being such, that they often pass or native wildness. A full-grown fallowleap over a man to get at them. The deer could be bought at Valentia for Indians then strike, and hurl_them seven pisettos, or about five shillings into the abyss below, where the women British. During the hunting season, are ready to hamstring or disable them, the Creoles sometimes hunt, but the before they recover from their stupor. Indians are more expert.

HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS.

SECOND SERIES.

A?

T length it appears, to the grati- rule the domain of modern romance

fication of us Southrons, that all not only without an equal, but without the hopes of this novel-reading age a second, and to make a vast chasm are not bound up within the Scottish between himself and the scribblers of Border. At one period it seemed as the Minerva press, whose efforts were if the success of the author of Waver- still required by gentle loungers at ley, like the serpent rod of Aaron, Margate and Brighton, and sentimenwould swallow up' all lesser adventur- tal milliners all over the world. Miss ers of the same species. His sweep- Austen, whose novels are the most ing, masterly, and comprehensive out- feminine, the most true, and the most lines; the unrivalled ease and vivacity intense of all the compositions of her of bis details; and the noble audacity time, was snatched away from the with which he seized the most roman- world in the dawning of her honest tic portions of history and made them and genuine fame. Miss Edgeworth, contribute to the grandeur and the vivo whose brilliant wit, admirable sense, idness of his fictions, overcame all and pointed sarcasm, might have competition, and silenced the murmurs maintained a show of rivalry with the faintly raised against the want of pro- Great Unknown, ceased to write, or portion, arrangement, and connexion directed her rare faculties to the purin his works. He seemed likely to poses of education and moral guidance.

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