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ly, he will apply himself to something half of its cubic bulk. Ten currents else, and succeed as well ”

of water at present fall upon it ; and EFFECT OF OXYGEN ON GLOW-WORMS. by means of a breach effected in its

It is an interesting experiment (says centre, the spectator may observe at a Mr. Parke; to place a glow-worm glance, by the enormous beight which within a jar of oxygen gas in a dark still remains, the incredible effect

The insect will shine with which these little water-falls have premuch greater brilliancy than it does in duced. M. Venetz is unable to comatmospheric air. As the luminous apprehend how he had the courage to pearance depends on the will of the begin undertaking the destruction of animal, this experiment probably af- this glacier, but he now assures himself fords an instance of the stimulus which of success. this gas gives to the animal system.

The following fact occurred at ClagMention has been already made by enfort, in Carinthia, when the French us of the labours directed by M. Vē. army occupied that town. The thunnetz, engineer of the bridges and roads der had much injured the point of the of the department of the Valais, to ac- very high steeple of the principal complish the destruction of the ice, Church ; and a mason and his son which covers the Dranse. Last autumn were employed to repair it. A crowd there remained only 292 feet. The of inhabitants assembled at the place work has re-commenced this summer ;

to witness this perilous operation. but the avalanches which have fallen The father, a man of fifty years of from the upper glacier, during the age, still vigorous and active, ascended winter, have so filled the breaches first ; his son followed him; they alwhich were made last year in the low- most reached the summit; the spectaer glacier, that at the beginning of tors tremblingly, counted their steps, June the Dranse was covered again to when they saw the son suddenly loose an extent of more than 1,000 feet. hold of the ladder and fall to the During the course of the same month ground. A cry of terror arose.

All the work was considerably impeded by crowded towards the unfortunate man avalanches, which fell every instant, who lay shattered upon the pavement and even on the 8th July, a great part without a sign of life. In the meanof the pipes were covered with a huge time the father continued to ascend, mass of ice. In placing some new performed his task, descended with ones at the commencement of the sang froid, and appeared with a melanmonth of August, they discovered choly but composed air before the specsome remains of the last, at more than tators, who immediately surrounded thirty feet deep. It is truly a

him. All endeavoured to console him; against nature that they carry on; but they soon learned with horror that scarcely have they been overcome on

the fall of his son was not accidental, one point ere they attack another ;

for that he himself had precipitated and when M. Venetz cannot reach the him from the top of the steeple. glacier by falls of water, he dams up “ Heavens !” exclaimed they, “ is it and makes the Dranse overflow itself, possible. What sury ! what madness !” in order to undermine it at the foot. “Listen to me,” replied the father, It is thus that he is continually imped- without emotion :ed by a thousand foreseen and unfore « In our trade there are certain rules seen obstacles. Unfortunately, to this and customs. The oldest and most is added the most distressing circum- experienced ventures into danger the stance of all, that of an illness brought first; the younger follows. Accorde, on by the excess of his fatigues, and ing as one ladder is secured by cords from which he is scarcely recovered another is raised, which is at first fastat this moment. But hopes still, in ened at the bottom to the top part of spite of all, to free the Dranse entirely the other. Then the eldest ascends this year. 1 he whole mass of the this ladder which is only steadied at glacier is already reduced about one- the bottom; and assisted by his com




panion, who supplies him with cord, ledged that his reasoning, however he proceeds to fasten it at the top. horrific, was just, and exhibited a preThis is the work of greatest danger. sence of mind to which, though with As I was occupied at the highest es. shuddering, they could not refuse their tremity of the ladder, I suddenly heard admiration. my son exclaim below me, “ Father, father, there's a cloud before my eyes ;

Lieutenant Goldsmith and his crew have I know not where I am.” I instantly commenced the arduous and dangerous at

Lieut. raised my right foot and gave him a G. seems quite confident of success, and kick, which struck him in the forehead, has landed the requisite implements. The and he fell without uttering a word. Logan-stone is estimated to weigh 70 tons, " Infamous wretch! monster! what and the purchases provided for lifting are e

qual to 120 tons,which,from the nature of the demon could have urged you to such a rock, must be placed on a plank scaffolding crime?"_“ Softly, gentlemen; I am to be erected around its suminit: hence the assuredly to be pitied, much to be pitis attempt is considered full of risk ; but the but I am far from believing myself going cautiously to work. It is only three

adventurers have declared their intention of guilty. In our trade it is well known

feet from its original site. that if the head turns giddy in a dan MEDALS FOUND IN FRANCE. gerous position, where there is no The excavations for antiquities at means of assisting one's-self, and of Famars were resumed on the 23d of taking time to recover, that man is August in the orchard of the chateau. irretrievably lost. Now such was the The most interesting discoveries made case of my son. From the moment in these buildings were, a small statue that his sight was gone, there was no of Minerva in bronze, clasps of the hope for him ; in two or three seconds same metal very well executed,and two more he must necessarily have fallen; ivory combs of curious workmanship. but before that, and in his last agonies, On the 25th of September, a very he would undoubtedly have grasped at precious discovery crowned the labors the tottering ladder on which I was pla- with a degree of syccess beyond the ced; he would have dragged it away, most sanguine hopes : At the foot of and we should have both fallen. In an the main wall which encloses the Hyinstant I foresaw this inevitable result, pocausta, discovered in 1813, there and I prevented it by dealing him the were found two bronze vases filled blow which precipitated him and which with silver medals. The first of a

-saved me, as you see. Now tell round form, and covered with a bronze me, you who call me a monster, if I patrea, contained 3,920 : the second, had killed niyself at the same time, of a more elliptical shape, and furnishwho would have supported his unfor- ed with a handle, contained 2,658 : tunate wife and children, who hence- and 3,377 were found in a third vase forward have nothing to look for but of an elegant form, and which was my labours ? To die for him would preserved whole. The total number perhaps have been the duty of a fa- of silver medals is 9,955. These coins, iher; but to die along with him with which were in excellent preservation, out any utility, is, I believe, what are from the age of Augustus to that of neither religion nor justice require.” Constantius. A considerable number,

During some moments a profound especially the more recent, are as brilsilence reigned throughout the assem- liant as if they had just come from the bled crowd ; but the clamours re-com- mint. It would be difficult to fix at menced; the mason was arrested, and present the value of this treasure ; we delivered over to the tribunals. He can however state that several reversthere displayed the same firmness he es, mentioned as rare by Mionnet and had shown before the people. The other authors, are in great numbers. Judges, like the multitude, could not This is considered to be the most imresist a first impulse of horror; but,upon portant discovery of the kind made in reflecting on the situation in which he the department of the north. was placed, and the motive he had To the above interesting notice we assigned for his conduct, they acknow- subjoin the following, extracted from

the Petites Affiches de Valenciennes of make responsible for all our crimes Saturday, the 9th October :

and follies ; a Necessity which we set A second important discovery has just down for invincible when we have no taken place at Famars, at the moinent when wish to strive against it. the shareholders of the excavations spontancously doubled their shares. On the 7th Dice.-Playthings which the Deof October, four vases of terra cotta, filled vil sets in motion when he wants a new with silver Roman medals, were discovered supply of knaves, beggars and suicides. at six paces distance from those found before, and at the foot of the same wall, The hired to undermine, overreach, and cir

Diplomatist -A privileged cheat, first contained 1,465, the second 1,923, the third 1,412: these three vases were of red cumvent his opponent, and rewarded earth, with only one handle; the fourth, a with court dignities in proportion as he very large one of an orbicular form, con is deficient in all the moral ones. tained alone 5,115 medals ; total 9,515;

Dinner.-A meal taken at supperwhich added to the 9,955 found on the 25th of September, makes the astonishing num time ; formerly considered as a ineans ber of 19,470 silver medals found at Famars of enjoying society, and therefore mod. in less than a fortnight. What hopes for erate in expence and frequent in oc* the future ! One of the red vases is perfectly whole. The medals of the last dis

currence ; now given to display yourcovery are larger than those of the first; self, not to see your friends, and inhos: they are all radiated heads ; among them pitably rare because it is foolishly exare the effigies of Balbinus, Pupienus, Gor- travagant, dianus Pius, Philippus senior and junior, Oracillia, Severa, Trajanus Decius, Herun

Discipline, military.-That subordinia Etruscilla, Hostilianus, Trebonianus nation which is maintained upon the Gallus, Volusianus, arinus, and others, Continent by the hope of distinction, with a great variety of different reverses.- in England by the fear of the cat-oThe partakers in the excavations at Famars

nine-tails. are informed that the distribution of the lots of medals will take place next week.

Disguise.-That which we all wear

on our hearts, and many of us on our SPECIMENS OF A PATENT POCKET DIC

faces. TIONARY 16 These lost the sense their learning to display,

Stanhope's Greece in 1823-24, 8vo. 138. And those explain’d the meaning quile away."

Medwin's Conversations of Lord Byron,

Pope. 2d edit. 8vo. 185.--Edmeston's Patmos, and Damme !-An expletive of style, Other Poems, 12.no. 3s.-Kavanagh's Wandused to fill up vacancies of matter, and crings of Lucan and Dinah, 8vo. 108 6d. therefore of perpetual occurrence in Blossoms at Christmas, 125.- Friendship's the conversations of the high and low Offering for 1825, 128 ; proofs, 183-Chand vulgar.

ler's Life of Johnson, 8vo. 65.-Amusements

of Western Heath, 2 vols. 18mo. 4s.- Tales Dandy.--A fool who is vain of be- of the Vicarage, 16mo. 25.-London Scenes, ing the lay-figure of some fashionable 18mo. 68.-Vocal Repository, 18mo. 2s.6d. tailor, and thinks the wealth of his

-The Literary Box, 1800, 3s. 6d.-Turnwardrobe will conceal the poverty of tion, 8vo. 125.--Bampfield of Diseases of the

er's System of Medico-chirurgical Educahis ideas ; though, like his long-eared Spine, 8vo. 10s. 6d.--Sisson's Historic brother in the lion's skin, he is betray- Sketch of the Parish Church of Wakefield, ed as soon as he opens his mouth. small 4to. 168.--- Daniel Wilson's Sermons

and Tracts, 2 vols. 8vo. 28s. Dungler.-An androgynous insect

The Memoirs of the celebrated Madame that flutters about ladies' toilettes, and de Geplis, on which we believe she has buzzes impertinently in their ears. been occupied for many years, are about to

Day and Martin.--SeeHand- be published in 4 vols. 8vo. A more interwriting on the wall.”

esting work could scarcely be announced.

The second Series of “ Highways and Debt, National.-Mortgaging the Byways," now.passing rapidly through the property of our posterity that we may press, is to consist of 3 volumes in 8vo. be better enabled to destroy our con

each containing one Tale. The scenes of temporaries.

the stories are placed in the Pyrenees, Vera Debates.-An useless wagging of

sailles, and Normandy; and the heroine of

one of them is the ill fated Marie Antoinette, tongues where the noses have been al- the late Queen of France. ready counted.

Rothelan, a Romance of the English His: Deluy.---See Chancery court.

tories, by the Author of " Annals of the Destiny.The scapegoat which we

Parish," &c. has appeared.




NO. 10.)

BOSTON, FEB. 15, 1825.

(VOL. 2. N.s.



until they find the burrow, and also HUNTING this useful animal forms under the projecting roots of a large

a source of amusement and emol-, trees, the hollows of which afford them ument to the Indians of Bocca Mon- shelter. When the burrows are in tana Albarregas, and most tribes that trees, they seldom give themselves the inhabit the higher regions of the Cor- trouble of erecting pitfalls for them, as dilleras, from Coro to Cumana. As their curs kill and drag them out, or there are no stated periods for taking else they dig them out. When the it, although in the months of August, burrows are in the rocks, they set to September, and October it is certainly work to erect pitfalls, or traps, in the fattest, they continue to search for it building of which they display a reguthe whole year round, unless during larity and systein that would do credit the breeding season, when the flesh is to an European mason. As the falls raok and lean, and the lard or butter, are four feet by four in height and manteca, rancid. In making their breadth, the flags with which they are hunting dispositions, they form par- built are so closely set, as to prevent ties of seven or eight, or more. When the creature introducing his paw-nails the tribe is numerous, they will some- between them, for his strength is such times take five, six, or seven miles in a that he would raise a stone of two‘or sweep over the country : and such is three hundred weight. As the badger's their dexterity and address in taking family generally consists of seven or these animals, that they will nearly eight, the hunters set as many of those clear it for five or six years of badgers, pitfalls in their way as will intercept notwithstanding all the obstruction of them, one by one, in making their pasbrushwood, cover, &c. &c. In these sage to their burrows, and frequently excorsions they are accompanied by a one in the mouth of the burrow, pronumber of women and boys, whose vided it is large enough, covering them business it is to build temporary huts, with turf, earth, and leaves over little cook, collect fruits, and lastly, to cure twigs. As soon as they have made a what badger hams and gammons thè sufficient number, with incredible lamen catch : this is no sinecure, and al- bour and perseverance, using no other though they rest during the night, the iraplements than their hatchets and day ushers them in more labour than stone-hammers, the covering-flag is comes to the hunters' share. When placed over ; at the back of this they they arrive at the badgers' haunts,– place a quantity of rubbish, so as to generally in high situations, contiguous give weight to its fall, and plant bushes to rocks, for the purpose of burrowing so artfully as to deceive a stranger, when hard pressed,

they soon dis- forming a lane, through which the cover his traces by the manner in creature must necessarily pass to his which he scrapes for pistachios and burrow. Then one or two ascend the other oblong nuts, the names of which trees or highest rock, to give notice of I forget. They then search the rock the badger's approach; while another

47 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.

is buried in sight of the traps in such a a work of little time with him, as he is manner as to be covered with leaves, satisfied with the first thing he finds : and in such a posture, as to observe he soon returns to await the coming the creatures coming toward the traps, out of his subterraneous visitor, as the and harry them into them by missiles, disgrace of returning without the badbut never attempts to show himself ger is shocking to a hunter, and debars until the badger passes bim. In this his ever being a guapo or warrior, until manner, the remainder of the party he can, by some very extraordinary advance into the brushwood and then feat, wipe this stain off his name. let loose their dogs, who, on scenting They also use the noose or snare to the badgers, set up a whining cry, ac- catch these creatures, which is placed companied by the rattles of the Indians, across the pathways, like rabbit-wires, making the badger start, and betake with this exception that the Indian's himself to his burrow. Sometimes snare is attached to a spring-pole, that seven or eight will start together, the suspends and strangles the creature. most of which are always caught; but The South Ainerican badger is larger should one escape, they again hunt the than those in Europe, and much ground over. If their party is not nu browner: he is also much easier killed. merous enough, the women join atter Perhaps its habits are the most social the first chase, as the danger of coming of any quadruped in the universe; it is in contact with tigers is over, the first not known to quarrel with any other noise having started them as well as quadruped; even the fox, pole-cat, most noxious creatures. Indeed, the stinkard, the opossum, the land-crab badger is seldom found near the jungle, and snake make it resign its abode, alas he is not fond of such neighbours. though it is much stronger than any of Should one escape the traps, which is them. It also lives in the greatest harvery seldom the case, they leave the mony with its own species, subsisting traps set day and night, and a man to principally on nuts, roots, and vegetawatch him, until hunger forces him to bles; and is cleanly in its habits, being quit his subterraneous abode. Some- observed to perform its ablution while times the Indian curs will enter, and the dew is on the ground. The Inkill the creature, if his burrow is large dians count two species of it, viz, the enough to admit them; yet he often Marano, or pig-badger; and the Pero, makes them retreat, provided they or dog-badger. I am informed the cannot surround him, although those former roots for its amusement like a curs are certainly superior to our Eu- pig; they bring forth two, three and ropean terriers in bite, and tenacity of four at a litter, and preserve them caretheir hold. Whenever a badger earths, fully. Badger hams are certainly dethe Indians cast lots, to know which licious, and the sale of them was proshall watch until the badger breaks, bibited but to the Viceroy, who geneleaving him two days' provisions in the rally shipped a quantity of them annumean time, supposing this to be the ally to Madrid, for the use of their auusual time until the animal bolts. But gust Majesties; now they are purchasit is sometimes a toss-up which will ed for one-fourth of the original value, hold out longest, especially if it be an as the Viceroy sometimes paid eight old badger : but even here the Indian or ten dollars for a pair of gammons. has decidedly the advantage, as he is The way of curing them perhaps conknown to endure four days' hunger, tributed to their favour, which was without


bad results. If it happens simply to rub them with coarse sugar in harvest, he is pretty well off; for and Chili pepper, each day, pressing his cunning makes him an overmatch them very hard until quite dry. This for the animal, and he always carries source of emolument would have been the image of a man of rude workman- considerable to these bunting tribes ship, which he sets before the earth, were they not cheated and made tribusupported by twigs in a moving posi- tary to the Viceroy, as they had to tion: this prevents the badger stirring give him a dozen first, and afterwards while the Indian goes in quest of food, take trinkets out of the stores at what

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