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The capital invested in buildings and to examine minutely, at his manufacmachinery cannot be
less than tory in the Regent's Park, the extraor10,000,000. It is calculated that the dinary piece of mechanism called the rental of Manchester, including Salford, Steam Gun. It is simply formed by Chorlton Row, &c., will be increased introducing a barrel into the steam at least 15,0001. this year by new generator of any engine, and by the buildings. This increase is principally addition of two pipes towards the in cottage property, under 121. a year. chamber of the gun, introducing a
quantity of balls, which, by the action Pedro Mexio, in his Treasury of In- of a handle to the chamber, are dropventions, folio, 1613, lets us into a new ped into the barrel and fired one by view as to this bird. “ As the eagle, one, at the rate of from four to five who, in her life-time, is victorious over hundred in the minute. all birds or fowls ; so likewise, after “ The explosive force of the steam death, her feather, being put among which rushes from the generator and others,devoureth and consumeth them." expels the balls is about 700 lbs. to the Then he goes to skins : The skin of square inch : with this force a inusket a lion,
“spoileth the skins of ball fired against an iron plate at the other beasts; and the skin of a wolf distance of 100 feet from the gun, is eateth and consumeth the skin of a completely flattened : and when a lamb!” Cumberland is a county of force of 840 lbs, to the square inch is eagles. A curious anecdote is record- applied, the ball is actually driven to ed by Mr. Gilpin : “ An eagle was seen pieces in such a way that none of its at a distance to pounce upon its prey, fragments can be collected. As the which it carried, in a perpendicular gun is now fixed, having a direct comascent, aloft into the air; and, hanging munication through a wall with one of dubious for some time, it was at length Mr. Perkins's engines, it cannot of observed to descend in the same direct course be removed from the spot, the line, and its fall, as it approached, barrel merely being susceptible of alseemed attended with an odd tum- teration; but in the event of the invenbling motion. The cause was soon tion being applied to purposes of wardiscovered : It fell stone dead on the fare, it would be easy to attach a portaground; and a weasel, which it had ble steam engine of small dimensions, carried up, and which had had the ad- which could be removed with as much dress to kill its adversary in the air, rapidity as any piece of ordnance now being now at liberty, ran away."
The cost of such a machine
altogether would be comparatively PERKINS' EXTRAORDINARY STEAM GUN. small, and as Mr. Perkins is about to
A discovery has been made which construct a 4-pounder, which can be will, in all probability, adjust the ac- moved about with great facility by two count between population and food in horses, the public will have a good opthe most satisfactory manner. We al- portunity of judging of its practical lude to the new Steam Gun of Mr. merits, of which, however, there canPerkins, which promises very fair to not be a doubt, after the experiments send the whole race of heroes to their already made at the manufactory. long homes in a very short time. Ac “ The most extraordinary part of the cording to the following account which affair is the smallness of expense in we extract from the London Mechanic's charging artillery of this nature, comRegister, the effeets of this invention pared with that of the present system. will leave every plague or pestilence In Mr. Perkins' Steam Gun, one at an immeasurable distance behind in pound weight of coals is found to propoint of destructiveness. Ten of bis duce the same effect as four pounds guns, supposing one shot in twenty weight of gunpowder, viz. one pound only to tell, will sweep away 150,000 of coals will generate sufficient steam men in a single day!
to expel, with equal force, as many “We were enabled, on Wednesday, balls as four pounds of powder. Of through the kindness of Mr. Perkins, the rapidity with which the discharges
THE STEAM ENGINE.
are made, we say little, after what we If you wish to have a dirty and un-
The value of the steam engine to contrary, have been lost by the bursting of our common field-pieces, and
this country may be estimated from how little reliance is to be placed upon steam engines in England represent
calculations, which show that the the greatest care in cleansing them in the heat of a battle. Ten guns upon
the power of 320,000 horses which is this principle, would, in a field of equal to that of 1,920,000 men; battle, be more than equal to 200 on which being in fact managed by the present system ; and a vessel of 26,000 men only, add actually to
the only six guns would be rendered more
power of our population 1,834,000 than a match for a seventy-four.
" If any two rulers of the earth were to know, that in the event of de- was placed by the Romans in the high claring war against each other, a plague class of sacred birds, because the cackor pestilence would blast both armies, ling of geese preserved the Roman and sweep them from the face of the state from the inroads of the Gauls, earth, they would pause before they who were about to render themselves made such a declaration, but what masters of the Capitol. It is certainly, plague, what pestilence, would exceed, even now, the most vigilant sentinel in its effects, those of the Steam Gun that can be posted in a besieged town. --Five hundred balls fired every Its slumber is light, the slightest noise minute, and one out of twenty to reach is sufficient to awaken it, and then it its mark-why, ten of such guns sends forth reiterated cries, not much would destroy 150,000 daily.-Mr. unlike the hissing of a serpent, which Perkins considers steam discovery as cries are immediately put into chorus in its infancy, for he says he is con- by its companions. Geese are the vinced that a steam engine might be best guardians of houses situated in made to throw a ball of a ton weight, the country, and at the same time from Dover to Calais."
they are the most useful of domestic birds; for, independent of the excel
lent quality of their flesh, we procure If you intend marrying for love, from their plunjage, those beds which pay your addresses to the lady herself; are allowed to be of the first quality, if for legacies, court those who are to and most pleasant for repose. The leave them; and if for connexion, court pen, also, which serves to mark our her family.
thoughts, testify our affections to those If you know not what to do with we love, and aid us in the transaction yourself, marry the handsomest lady of that business so requisite to the atthat you can, upon the shortest ac- tainment and preservation of our legitquaintance; and if you do not find it imate property. If a flock of geese out, she will teach you.
pass under a triumphal arch, they pruA lady who takes no care of her dently stoop down, lest their heads own person before marriage, will take should be injured. Even a goose may as little of her household after.
be affectionate : Lacydes, a Greek If your lady is fond of play, you philosopher, had a goose whose affecmust submit to two losses--your own tion for him was remarkable. It used money and her temper.
to follow him every where, both at
home and abroad, by night as well as leries of Art, post 8vo. 8s. 6d.-Bouilly's by day. When it died, Lacydes Tales for Mothers, Vol. I. 12mo. 65.-Stan(who was in this a goose himself) sol- more, a Novel, 3 vols. 12.no. 188—Poetical
Common-place Book, 24mo. 48.-Edwards' emnized its funeral obsequies with as Alcestes of Euripides, 8vo. 88.-Harris's much magnificence, as if it had been Natural History of the Bible, 8vo. 10s 6d. his son or brother.
-lopes' Christian Ministry, crown 8vo. 3s.
-Family Conversations on the Evideoces PLANTS.
of Christianity, 18mo. 3s. 60.-Dunglison Very accurate casts of the leaves of plants on Diseases of the Stomach, 8vo. 78 6d.may be prepared by a very simple process, Graham's Observations on Cancer, 8vo. which Mr. W. Deeble has described to the 2s.6d. Society of Arts. A quantity of fine-grain The Memoirs of the celebrated Madam ed sand, in rather a moist state must be de Genlis, written by herself, are
the provided, on the surface of which a leaf London press. selected for casting from should be laid, in Mrs. Opie is about to publish " Illustrathe most natural position which the taste tions of Lying in all its hranches”
'-a very of the artist can effect, by banking up the extensive subject. sand beneath its more elevated parts, by the lateral pressure of the blade of a knife; when thus the leaf has been supported in
LAST LINES BY LORD BYRON. every part, its surface should, by means of
Missolonghi, Jan. 22, 1824. a broad camel-hair pencil, he covered over
“On this day I complete my thirty-sixth year.” by a thin coating of wax and Burgundy pitch, rendered fluid by heat; the leaf being 'Tis time this heart should be unmoved, now removed from the sand and dipped Since others it has ceased to move; in cold water, the wax becomes hard, and Yet, though I cannot be beloved, at the same time sufficiently tough to allow
Still let me love. of the leaf being ripped off from the wax mould,without altering the form of the latter. My days are in the yellow leaf, The wax mould is now placed on the sand
The flowers and fruits of love are gone, and banked up in every part, as the leaf at
The worm, the canker, and the grief,
Are mine alone. first was; and then an edge or border being raised of sand around the leaf, at a suffi. The fire that in my bosom preys cient distance, very thin plaister of Paris is
Is like to some volcanic isle, then poured over the leaf, and a camel-hair
No torch is kindled at its blaze :pencil is used to brush the fluid plaister
A funeral pile. into every hollow on the surface and exclude air-bubbles. As soon as the plaister The hope, the fears, the jealous care, is set, it will be found, on taking it up Th’ exalted portion of the pain, from the sand, that the heat generated And power of love, I cannot share, during the setting of the plaister will have
But wear the chain. softened the wax, and that the same may be dexterously rolled up from the impression
But 'tis not here-it is not herethereof on the plaister : and thus the most
Such thoughts should shake my soul; nor nowbeautiful and perfect moulds inay be ob
Where glory seals the hero's bier, tained for making any number of plaister
Or binds his brow. casts in relievo, of the leaf which has been
The sword, the banner and the field, selected.
Glory and Greece around us see ;
The Spartan born upon his shield
Was not more free. vols. 8vo. 128.-Hall's Present State of Co. lombia, 8vo. 75.- Chrichton's Life of Col. Awake! not Greece-she is awake Blackader, 12mo. 7s. 60.-- Topography of Awake, my spirit,-think through whom the Vineyards, 12mo. 68-Dictionary of My life blood tastes its parent lakeQuotations from British Poets, (Part 3,
And then strike home! rhyme,) 12mo. 78. 60.—Hewlett's Modern
I tread reviving passions down,
Unworthy Manhood-unto thee, 6d..-Foster's Bible Preacher, 12mo. 9s.
Indifferent should the smile or frowa Selections from Leighton's Works, 18mo.
Of beauty be. 33. 60.-Selections from Doddridge's Ex
If thou regret thy youth,--why live! positor, 18mo. 3s. 60.– The Contributions,
The land of honourable death &c. of the late Jane Taylor, 2 vols. 12mo. Is here- up to the field, and give 98.-Dawson's Nosological Practice of Phy
Away thy breath! sic, 8vo. 148.--The Anatomy of the Brain, 12mo. 4s.— The Young Brewer's Monitor, Seek out—less often sought than foundSvo. 58. 9d.Rose's Printer's Job Price A soldier's grave, for thee the best, Book, 38. 6.-Crutwell's Housekeeper's Then look around, and choose thy ground, Account-Book (1825,) 4to. 2s.-British Gal.
And take thy rest.
THERE are few of our popular su- tlying across the path with his head
perstitions, however vague they under bis arm ! may be, that have not some slight 66 The other is that of a white horset colour of fact, and that do not originate enveloped in a body of fire. in some incident of local history. “Let those who please, laugh at But should this position be denied by these stories, but certain it is that most any of your readers, they will at least of our people would sooner make a allow that these traditions are often large circuit than pass by either of in themselves of great antiquity, and these places on a dark night. It hapon that account interesting and valu- pened a few nights since, that two men able.
and a dog had to pass the scene of Sailors, it will be allowed, are gene- these fearful incidents; the dog frisked rally extremely credulous; this may playfully before them, till on a sudden be caused chiefly by their having at it gave a pitiful howl, and slunk back times a great deal of leisure, which is evidently in dismay! What's that employed in telling stories of a mar- in the hedge ?' says one of the men. vellous kind to each other. We 'I don't know,' cries out the other
i have the authority of Lord Orford, but it looks like a rein-deer.' No, that superstition is catching; and rejoins the other, it is a woman.' these tales during a long night-watch, While they were gazing on it, the form when all is still, and courage in a moved gently across a field of clover. measure had in requisition, rivet their "I'll follow it,' says one, be it what attention, and get firm hold on their it may;' and he was as good as his minds.
word. He ran,-it ran,-he quickA Correspondent at Maidstone writes, —We have a class of people in these tion. Some attribute a similar fate to Henparts called Uflurs, i. e. men in the gist, who made himself notorious in this
vicinity, circa 450. barging line out of employ, who attend
+ A stone some time since broken up and as extra help to get the craft home in removed, at no great distance from this our inland navigation : inost of them scene of wonder, bore for name the white have been to sea, and are tinctured horse-stone, the legend of which is, that with notions of ghosts, witches, and
one who rode a beast of this description,
was killed on or about the spot so comdæmons. You must know that be- meinorated. Might not this have been tween this town and Aylesford, we Horsa the Saxon, who was slain ' near have two places noted for the appear- Ægelsford,' and whose name is so analoance of fearful sights. One is that of gous to that of the animal in question : As
to the circumstance of the figure being sura descendant of the Colepeppers or rounded with fire, it may not be irrelevant Culpeppers* of Aylesford, who is seen to state that ghosts assume the privilege of
walking the earth chiefly during purgatory,
and while doomed * One Thomas Culpepper was “put to deth at Tiborne," 10 Dec. 1541. This circumstance might give rise to the tradi
Till the foul crimes done in their days of nature
Are burnt and purg'd away.' 42 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.
to fast in fires
ened his pace, but it had still the start, foundations which were turned up by till his courage was curbed by a thump the plough. It was called Eckell against some of the sheep gates through Town, and that wood still bears the which the spirit had glided, little the name of Eckell Wood.* worse for wear. He paused-fear In Cookstone or Cuxton Church, shrunk his sinews and congealed his near Rochester, is the corpse of a blood,' a feeling of horror overwhelm- woman, who, in her will, directed her ed him, causing
coffin to have a lock, the key of which '--each particular hair to stand on end
was to be put into her own hand, that Like quills upon the fretful porcupine.' she might be able to release herself at His knees smote each other, and he pleasure ! This legend is as old as my nearly fell, till on recovering a little he great grandmother. In May 1832, 1 ran back to the place where he left his made inquiry on the spot as to its truth, companion, who had made the best of when I learnt that the said coffin hayhis way towards a neighbouring ham- ing mouldered away, had been comlet.”
mitted to earth recently. The following remarks were elicited A superstitious practice of sticking in a conversation with an old man, pins in a stile whenever a corpse is with whom I accidentally fell in just taken over it, prevails in these parts. below Aylesford. He recollected (he Its origin would oblige. said) a large stone in the neighbour
A skull, with a spear head through hood being broken up, and displaced, it, was dug up at Deptling a short time alongside of which human bones were since; the remains of a helmet, supfound; adding, that in " yonder field” posed to be Roman, were dug up in "a mortal many" bones and skulls Maidstone: it was crowned with a were ploughed up some time ago ; and knob, as if to receive a plume of fealately a human jaw and shin-bone. thers; an urn was also discovered « There once stood a town on this here, but broken up in hopes or finding spot," continued he, "and the cottage
treasure ! just at hand is built entirely of its stone
THE DESERTED CITY.
IN the discharge of our critical du fer Mr. Bounden’s labours to pass
sub ties, we have in general omitted silentio ; but upon further consideraall notice of that tribe of minute Poets tion, their merit appears to claim an whose works have every season inun- exception in their favour. The “ Dedated the town. It is a task as use- serted City” is indeed occasionally less as it is odious to attack an expir- somewhat pedestrian in its style, but ing author with severity, and we have is not destitute of poetical passages. always, therefore, in such cases, re “Eva" displays more imagination, mained inactive, under the full convic- but the tale is an unpleasant one. It tion that the public would do summa- is written in the Spencerian Stanza, ry justice upon the offender. We and displays considerable powers of have had some doubts whether we versification, as our readers will perought not in the present instance to ceive from the following extract. adhere rigorously to our rule, and suf
But such is woman! mystery at best ! * Eccles,' is still the name of a manor
Seeming most cold when most her heart is burnin Larkfield hundred, and in the lath of
ingAylesford. It is mentioned in Domesday Hiding the melting passions of her breast by the name of Aigtessa, and was, at the Beneath the snowy cloud, and scarce returning time of making that survey, a place of some One glance on him for whom her soul is yearning : consequenee. Houses are noticed in this Adoring, yet repelling-proud, but weakrecord. See Hasted.
Conquer'd-commanding still ; enslav'd, yet spurn+ The Deserted City; Eva; Electricity. Poems, by J. Bounden. 8vo.
Checking the words her heart would bid her speak,