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love, astonishment, and despair, she lady-one kiss, 'tis the first and the fell on her face. He raised her up, last. I have not wronged you.” The but she was of a death-like chill and agonized wife parted the clustering whiteness: the blue veins of her neck ringlets from the forehead of the dying seemed as if starting from her skin; he girl; and as her lips pressed the chilly called immediately for assistance, and surface, she sbrieked aloud. The in another moment she was covered father rushed forward, but the spirit of with a crimson dye. Her father rush- the injured one had fled to that bome ed in, and calling for his child was just where the selfishness and insensibility in time to see the last ebb of life de- of this cold earth cannot enter, and parting—she had broken a blood ves- where purity of thought and goodness sel. For a moment her eyes beamed of heart will bloom, free from the a brilliancy almost super-human; she withering blights of deceit and disapmoved her lips, and at length feebly pointed hope ! uttered, “ Your forgiveness, dearest
EDWARD DANIEL CLARKE, THE TRAVELLER.*
He travels and I too: I tread his deck :
OF all popular writers, perhaps a ill of him, and even nowstand helpless
writer of travels is the most pop and astounded at the fallacy of their ular. He is at once the historian and prognostications and the miracle of the hero : he addresses us with the their pupil's fame. He had real learning, frankness of an intimate correspondent, and such as they wot not of. He kept and appeals directly to our sympathy aloof from the spell of “ Mars, Bacwith the air of one who knows that chus, Apollo, virorum :" he tarried it will not be withheld. We give up not in amorous dalliance with the triour faith to him on easy terms. It angles : lines equilateral and figures is the least return we can make for the curvilinear sought in vain to entangle obligations under which we are laid by him in their embracements. His heart one who enables us without stirring a was with the products of the mine: step from our chminey corner to mine- with the “ cedar of Lebanon and the alize in Siberia and botanize in Kam- hyssop on the wall :” among medals chatcha.
blue with the rust of centuries, and
marbles, which the finger of past geneAscend bis top-mast; through his peering eyes
rations had traced with barbaric chaDiscover countries ; with a kindred heart
racters. His destination coincided Suffer his woes and share in his escapes ;
with the bent of his nature. He seems While fancy, like the finger of a clock,
a personification of the loco-notive Runs the great circle, and is still at home.
energies inherent in man: he puts a If poor Barry were alive, he would girdle round about the earth in forty undoubtedly introduce Dr. Clarke in minutes :" we see him in Italy ; he is his picture of the Thames, floating off the Hebrides and Highlands : turns among the Naiads behind Dr. Burney, up in Lapland : looks in at Moscow : with three goodly quartos under each baits at Constantinople : is seen again arm. Have the phrenologists examin- on the plain of old Troy: we catch a ed his brows? If they have not laid glimpse of him in the holy sepulchre: their finger on the organ of space, we he dodges us again at the great Pyra. predicate the downfal and the death- mid : we seek him at Cairo, but 66 blow of the system. He was marked he starts a thousand steps are lost :” he out from infancy as an explorer of is already at Vienna,and lights on Montearth's surface, her cities, her ruins, martre : credulity itself is staggered and her deserts, and a discoverer of her when we find him at last settled down hidden treasures. The learned augured into a Benedict and living “ in a cock
* The Life and Remains of the Rev. Edward Daniel Clarke, LLD. Professor of Mineralogy in the Uni'versity of Cambridge. London, Cowie, 1824.
chafer box, close packed up with his ness for Russians, must, we think, be wife and children.
wholly removed by his sturdy denial Bodily activity and animal spirits were of any good being effected, either in not all that he carried with him. The posse or in esse, by " those demons mind was busy, the fancy alive, thị the democrats ;" as well as by the heart warm, the pen eloquent. He passage containing an eulogium on the describes with the graphic stroke of a character of the English clergy and master artist: he notes down his trails the religious qualities of our late sovof men and their manners with the ereign, to which we cheerfully subhumour of a Smollett : we do not mean scribe; but which the editor, for some his ill-humour. The travels in Russia unaccountable reason, has chosen to were thought not civil enough: not place in staring capitals, as if it were reverential enough, we should rather a discovery dragged up by means of a say; there was a great stock of admi- pully from the bottom of that well, in ration then in the country as respected which they say truth resides. Were the character and customs of the. Mus- we'to indulge a poetic flight, we might covites. To find fault with their calculate on Clarke's spirit being clothes or their cookery was to give soothed by the check now so happily room for a shrewd suspicion of a man's given to the fiendish officiousness of loyalty. Perhaps we have a little re- republican innovators, particularly in covered out of this warm fancy: if Italy: the blood of St. Januarius, the we have not, the time will come. God of Naples, continues to be liqueThere was confessedly a tendency to fied without interruption, and the royal the satirical in Dr. Clarke. We re- pig-hunt proceeds in peace. member we thought him rather hard Vicesimus Knox, the popular essayon the table-manners of the Greeks: ist and the master of Tunbridge school, their mode of washing after dinner: was Clarke's tutor; he was one of the fine airs of their ladies in display- those who, as may be seen from one of ing their well-rounded arms during his essays, prodigiously over-rated the the ceremony,
&c. * They who have value of classical attainments. It is glass windows,” the proverb is some not surprising that he shook his head what musty: but there was scarcely a at the discouraging progress of a boy, circumstance-nay, there was posi- whose abilities were yet sufficiently tively not a single one, which in the great to puzzle his prognostics and inhands of a smart French traveller terest his concern.
That the report might not have been paralleled, with of his deficient application should, a very slight shade of difference, in as the editor thinks, appear extraordithe manners of a London table; and nary to many of those who have this has actually taken place.* From witnessed the laborious 'habits of his a personage who so nearly arrived at latter days,” is very probable; it will the secret of ubiquity as Dr. Clarke, not appear so to those who recollect we should naturally have looked for a that Samuel Johnson was an idle lountolerant indulgence of the customs of ger in the sunshine, with ragged shoes foreigners, or even barbarians. His and a circle of truant hearers.
We do heart, however, was in the right not quote such instances as safe explace: he would not have hurt a hair amples : but it is in science and learnof a Greek's head. These sarcasticing as in war: success is the test. All details were prompted by a talent for à priori reasoning is invalid when we biting humour, not always indicative can argue from facts and place our foot of a narrow benevolence, and by that on the terra firma of experience. The keen perception of the ludicrous, which biographer talks indeed of the preis found to reside with a volatile imag- cious years of boyhood and of youth," ination. All doubt of Dr. Clarke's which are usually dedicated to the acloyalty, arising out of his want of fond- quisition of fundamental truths and to
* Compare with Dr. Clarke's description of a Greek dining-room the dinner of Mr. D. in “Qinze jours a Londres."
the establishment of method and order ved before the hour of their return, so in the mind, being “ by him wasted in completely to stuff every part of the unseasonable pursuits :" but how is it carriage with stones, weeds, and other proved from the results that they were natural productions of that country, unseasonable? That Clarke himself then entirely new to him, that his « felt sensibly, and regretted most for- mother, upon entering, found herself cibly the disadvantages accruing to embarrassed how to move ; and, him in after life from the neglect in his though the most indulgent creature earlier years of the ordinary school alive to her children, she was constudies, are mere formal words of strained, in spite of the remonstrances course that prove nothing : no man of the boy, to eject them one by one is the best judge of that educational from the window. For one package, process which would best have suited however, carefully wrapped up in him. Of the alleged - defective know- many a fold of brown paper, he pleadledge of principles” we can say no- ed so hard, that he at last succeeded in thing, for we do not know what is retaining it: and when she opened it meant: still less can we comprehend at night, after he had gone to sleep, it how such a deficiency should be “an was found to contain several greasy error singularly aggravated by the ana- pieces of half-burnt reeds, such as were lytical process he usually adopted in all used at that time in the farmers' kitchthe acquisitions both in language and ens in Surrey, instead of candles ; science :” the process, in short, by which he said, upon inquiry, were spewhich, and by which alone we can ar- cimens of an invention, that could not rive at truth. Notwithstanding the fail of being of service to some poor continued uneasiness of the editor of old woman of the parishi, to whom he Clarke's Remains at “ his little pro- could easily communicate how they .gress in the appropriate studies of the were prepared." place," we can see much that is 6
Another childish circumstance, sonable," because adapted to the which occurred about the same time, is sphere in which nature had destined him worthy of recital ; not only because it to move, in the studies to which he indicates strongly the early prevalence voluntarily applied himself
, and which of the spirit to which we have alluded, embraced history, ancient and modern, but because it accounts in some meamedals, antiquities, and natural philo- sure for the extraordinary interest he sophy, especially the mineralogical took throughout his life in the manners branch. One of his recreations at and the fortunes of gypsies. At this Cambridge was the constructing and period, bis eldest brother was residing sending up a splendid balloon to the with his relations at Chichester; and, admiration of his brother collegians and as his father's infirm state of health his own delight. Sad fellow! the prevented him from seeing many per
was always agile and sons at his house, Edward was perearnest in the pursuit of science, and mitted frequently to wander alone in left the word-conners to their “ As in the neighbourhood, guarded only by a præsenti.” It may be difficult to con- favourite dog, called Keeper. One jecture with the editor " what might day, when he had stayed out longer have been the effect of a different train- than usual, an alarm was given that he ing upon such a mind;" we may, per- was missing : search
was made in haps hazard a guess, that instead of every direction, and hour after hour looking out on the sea of Azoff, he elapsed without uny tidings of the would have pored himself half-blind in child. At last, his old nurse, who an ingenious re-construction of the
was better acquainted with his haunts, Greek choral metres.
succeeded in discovering him in a reLet us see how nature set to work mote and rocky valley, above a mile with him.
from his father's house, surrounded by a “Having upon some occasion ac- group of gypsies, and deeply intent companied his mother on a visit to a upon a story which one of them was relation's house in Surrey, he contri- relating to him.
“What those attractive objects were, 1769, at Willingdon in Sussex, and which thus engrossed the attention of died in 1822. He may be said to Edward Clarke, to the manifest injury have “ felt the ruling passion strong in of his classical progress, it is difficult death ;" for his dissolution seems to for us to know : but that some of them have been accelerated by the chemical at least referred to popular experi- experiments in which he employed ments in chemistry and electricity may himself preparatory to a course of lecbe clearly inferred from several humo- tures in mineralogy. A bust of him rous exhibitions, which he used to was executed by Chantry, and prefixed make in his father's house, during the to this volume there is a spirited etchholidays; to the entertainment, and ing from a painting by Opie. sometimes to the dismay, of the neigh The facilities which Dr. Clarke enbours and servants, who were always joyed, in visiting Scotland and the called in, upon those occasions, to wit- Continent, were opened to him, as is ness the wonders of his art. In the well known, by his filling the situation pursuit of these experiments, it is re- of private tutor to the honourable membered that he used, in spite of the Berkely Paget, and subsequently to remonstrances of the cook, to seize Mr. Cripps. He had, however, preupon tubs, pots, and other utensils viously visited Italy as a companion to from bis father's kitchen, which were Lord Berwick. The present work often seriously damaged in his hands; traces his several tours by his own and that, on one occasion, he surprised notes and letters, which, as containing his audience with a thick and nau- many incidents and descriptions not inseous cloud of fuming sulphureous cluded in the published travels, are acid ; insomuch that, alarmed and half- properly supplementary to them. suffocated, they were glad to make Some of the extracts are not at all in
in a body, as fast as they ferior to his best and liveliest sketches. could. It does not appear, however, We are tempted to give one; it is in a that his attachment to these sedentary letter to his mother, dated from Enonpursuits prevented him from partaking takis, in Lapland, July 29, 1799. in the active pleasures and amusements 6 We have found the cottage of a which were suited to his age, and in priest, in this remote
corner of the which his light and compact figure, world, and have been snug with him, uniting great agility with considerable a few days. Yesterday I launched a strength, was calculated to make him balloon, eighteen feet in height, which excel. Every sort of game or sport, I had made to attract the natives. You which required manliness of spirit and may guess their astonishment, when exertion, he was ever foremost to set on they saw it rise from the earth. foot, and ever ready to join; but in “ Is it not famous to be here, within running, jumping, and swimming, he the frigid zone ? More than two dewas particularly expert."
grees within the arctic, and nearer to Such was his education. The re- the pole than the most northern shores sults are the volumes of bis Travels of Iceland ? For a long time darkness and the invention of the Gas Blow has been a stranger to us. Pipe.
as yet, passes not below the horizon We shall not draw up a dry biogra- but he dips his crimson visage behind a phical memoir. The reader is referred mountain to the north. This mounto the book itself for dates and genea- tain we ascended, and had the satisfaclogies. One curious fact we shall tion to see him make his curtsey, without mention, that as it was said of a noble setting. At midnight the priest of the house, “all the sons were brave and place lights his pipe, during three weeks all the daughters virtuous,” it may be in the year, by means of a burningaffirmed of Clarke's ancestry that they glass, from the sun's rays. were all eminent for letters. His great “We have been driving rein-deer in grandfather was Wotton, the author of sledges. Our intention is to penetrate, the Essay on Ancient and Modern if possible, into Finmark, as far as the Learning Dr. Clarke was born in source of the Alten, which falls into
the icy sea. We are now at the source enabled to confirm the observations of of the Muonio in Tornea Lapmark. I Maupertius, and the French missionaI doubt whether any map you can ries, respecting the elevation of the procure will show you the spot. Per- pole, and the arctic circle. I shall haps you may find the name of the bring a piece of it home to
which place, Enontakis. Well, what idea stuck in my boot, as I stepped into have you of it ? Is it not a fine town? the frigid zone. It will serve as ex-sashed windows, and streets paved cellent leaven and be of great use in and lighted - French theatres--shops brewing; a pound of it being safficient
-and public buildings ? I'll draw up to ferment all the beer in the cellar, the curtain now see what it is ! A merely by being placed in my cabisingle hut, constructed of the trunks of net. fir-trees, rudely hewn, with the bark 6 The wolves have made such dread. half on, and placed horizontally, one ful havock here that the rich Laplanders above another; here and there a hole are flying to Norway. One of them, to admit light : and this inhabited by out of a thousand rein-deer, which he an old priest, and his young wife and possessed a few years ago, has only his wife's mother, and a dozen children forty remaining. Our progress from and half a dozen dogs and four pigs, Tornea has been entirely in canoes, or and John, and Cripps, and the two in- on foot, three hundred and thirty miles. terpreters, and Lazarus, covered with There are no less than one hundred sores, bit by mosquitoes, and as black and seven cataracts between this place as a negro.
We sleep on rein-deer and Tornea. We live on rein-deer skins, which are the only beds we have flesh, and the arctic strawberry: which had since Tornea.
is the only vegetable that has comfort“We have collected minerals,plants, ed our parched lips and palates for drawings, and, what is of more im- some time. It grows in such abunportance, manuscript maps of coun- dance, near all the rivers, that John tries unknown, not only to the inhabi- gathers a pailful whenever we want tants of Sweden, but to all the geogra- them. I am making all possible exerphers of Europe. The best maps af- tion to preserve some for you.
Wheat ford no accurate idea of Lapland. The is almost unknown here. The food of geography of the north of Europe, and the natives is raw fish, ditto rein-deer, particularly of the countries lying to and sour milk, called pijma. Eggs, the north of the Gulf of Bothnia, is that great resource of travellers, we entirely undetermined. I am now em- have not. Poultry are ployed in tracing the topography of Had I but an English cabbage I should the source of the Muonio. We are feast like an alderman."
OH! there are green spots on the path of time
The reckless wanderer, passirg gaily by,
Views with irreverent and careless eye.
Illumined far by memory's moonlight sky,
He makes them in the distant valley lie,
The grave-bound Pilgrim never can return !
And all too soon the sad and weary learn,
That in the weariness of life's sojourn