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on the deceitful ocean- listen to me! who fancy yourselves dying for love, Look out for squalls !-Beware of hur- make a tack! about ship! and, above ricanes !—Have a care of approach- all, keep a plenty of good wine aing storms! There may be en ene- board; so that when a sigh is rising in my's ship nearer than you wot of. the throat you may choke it with a Just give a salute, and sheer' off to bumper; and, in case of tears flowing, Bachelor's harbour. And ye, the depend upon it that port will
the ļast and most pitiable class of all-yet best eye-water,
THE PARTING CHARGE.
How can I bear to think on all
The dangers thou must brave?
While thou art on the wave.
That breathes of thine or thee !
And nurse thy favourite tree !
Or storm or calm thy lot,
Our fond “FORGET ME NOT !”
I SEE the white sails of thy ship,
The blue deptbs of the sea ;
That bears thee, love, from me.
Now setting in the brine :
But light no sail of thine !
Again I'll seek this spot :
My last-"FORGET ME NOT !!! Around my neck there is a band,
'Tis made of thy dark hair :
A broken ring they bear.
The last sweet gift love gave,
Upon a maiden's grave,
(How can love be forgot?)
To sigh-" FORGET ME NOT !"
Nay, pray thee, Mother, let me gaze
Upon that distant sail;
Or that my cheek is pale'
For him who is away ;
Of but a single day :
My Sailor to our cot,
L. E. L.
BY DICK WILLS.*
THE rose had sipp'd the early dew,
And balmy sweet perfumed the air, When William wept a last adieu
Upon the bosom of his fair :
Though distant far across the main,
Till death its cords shall sever."
The morning breezes swell’d the sail,
His vessel soon was lost to view;
And vivid lightnings round them flew :
Sinking beneath th' oppressive wave-
And bade “Adieu !" for ever.
NED SPLICE was a tar as devoid of all fear
Never swear, never covet another man's prog :'
We should practise the thing we profess;"
his hand 'Ne'er get drunk! (says the Priest, with a wave of He gives to a friend in distress.
his fist ;)
* The poet of Greenwich Hospital,
LATE VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.
camels trotting along at a quick pace; THE
HE roads leading into the city of with rows of little tinkling bells sus
Poona are in good repair. One pended round their necks. route proceeds by the British residen- all this we add crowded markets, ree cy at the Sangam, the other by a good ligious processions, and bands of noisubstantial stone bridge over the Moota sy musicians, some idea may be formriver. It was near sunset as I enter- ed of the túmult and bustle of the ed Poona; the setting rays of that capital city of the Mahratta empire glorious orb reflecting its beams on towards evening. the venerable roof of the Parbutti Notwithstanding all the absurd cry temple, on turreted walls, large white at home against the fanaticism and terraced houses, lofty shining spires, bigotry of the Brahminical character, and on handsome-looking pagodas, in- the Portuguese had a chapel in the termingled with Moghul buildings, centre of Poona ; nor were the MahoHindoo palaces, castles, and gardens, medans less favoured, for at the annual afforded, on a serene evening, an im- festival of the Taābout, in commemoraposing sight to a stranger; while a tion of the martyrdom of Hussein and fine river, running in front of the city, Hassan, the Peishwa, in great state, added an interesting feature to the with all his public officers, attended, view. This was not lessoned upon with every symptom of good will and entering a crowded city, where the respect, and even public salutes were objects were as varied in appearance fired on the occasion. I have seen as the external view had been half a the Mahommedans pay respect to the mile off, and consisted of large heavy Hindoo processions and worship, and houses, built of stone, more for de- join in the prayers and shouts of the fence than comfort; many of them multitude with decorum and friendpainted with representations of pea- ship. cocks, figures of Ganesa and Hanuman. Shops of all descriptions were Dhrutarass, a blind and holy man, seen, having open fronts, with the much favoured by Brāhma, had a son goods exposed on an inclined plat- called Couroo, and a brother named form. The streets narrow, and Pundoo or Pandoo: it was so ordered, thronged with people; among whom that the uncle and nephew were to govmight be discovered the sedate, de- ern the world; but it happened they cently clad Brahman; the delicate could not settle about their respective and pretty-featured Hindoo female ; sovereignties. They were ordered by the portly, dignified, and handsomely- a vision to settle the dispute by playing dressed Mussulman ; Arab horsemen a certain game of hazard; and Pandoo, completely armed, prancing along the uncle of Couroo, lost it. To hide upon their fine chargers ; Fakeers in his misfortune, and to obliterate from a state of nudity ; Mahratta foot-sol- his mind all ideas of his former power diers, with sword and buckler; and and greatness, he vowed to retreat from groups of people from other countries the face of mankind, accompanied by in their various costumes, and with his wife Contee. After travelling a peculiar casts of countenance. In great distance, they came to this part this diversified moving mass we must of India ; the retirement of the place not forget a few Jews and Portuguese was congenial to their heavy sorrows, Christians, and occasionally a British and here they fixed themselves. In Siphanee in his neat undress, on the course of a few years they begat leave of absence for a few hours. five sons; these were Yudishteer, Bheem This living picture has the addition or Bhima, Urjoon or Urzuna, Nacool, of state elephants, splendid cavalcades and Seyhuder. From a pious motive, of public officers, decked out with and to please the god Crishna, they parade and show, accompanied by commenced excavating caverns for rerichly-caparisoned' led horses, and ligious purposes; and, that the under
FABULOUS HISTORY OF ELORA.
taking might appear miraculous and conical shape, and often a black stone, wonderful to mankind, they entreated covered with flowers (the Belia and the god for a night that might last one and Asaca shrubs): the flowers bang year ; which request was granted. pendent from the crown of the ling, Bheem, the second son, was the princi- stone to the spout of the Argha or Yoni, pal assistant, he being amazingly (mystical matrix :) and not a whit betstrong, and eating the enormous quan- ter than the phallus of the Greeks and tity of one candy and a half of meat its ceremonies. Whatever enthusiasts during the day (900 lbs.) When the may say to the contrary, this symbol is five brothers had finished their excava- grossly indecent, and abhorrent to evetions, day broke forth; the brothers ry moral feeling, let the subject be were then despatched to propagate the glossed over as it may. Five lamps wonder; and millions of people flocked are commonly used in worship (Puja) from the farthest parts to behold the at this symbol, but frequently one lamp mighty and favoured family of the Pan- having five wicks. Often the lotos is doos. Their father Pundoo was re seen on the top of the Ling. The wamoved from this world to a better, forter that the Argha holds (the pedestal his piety; the sanctity of the brothers, in which the Ling is inserted), is emand their supposed influence with the blematical of Vishnu, and the dent or Deity, brought over boundless coun- orifice in the frame, (Yoni) or rim, is tries and dominion to their sway: in a called the navel of Vishnu. How short period of time they had seven comes it, as we find acknowledged by millions of warriors and fighting men; many, and which Major Moor supports while others were daily flocking to both in his writings and prints, that their standard. They then determin. Brahma sprung from the navel of Vished to wage war with their relation nu in the cup of the lotos ? when it is Couroo, who, from the length, mildness, asserted on the other hand, in Hindoo and virtues of his reign, was universally mythology, that Brahma was the first beloved by his subjects. Even those created being, and that Narayana was that had deserted, and had gone over the spirit, the vivifying, animating, to the five brothers, from a mistaken moving, abstract essence, so awfully notion of their being deified heroes, by expressed in our own divine book : the great wonders of the cavern being “ And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the produced in one night, seceded, and joined Couroo, who called together his The gross fables and inapplicable faithful followers, and found that his allegories engrafted in modern times, fighting men exceeded eleven millions, have rendered the Hindoo mythology eager to repel aggression ; but the both disgusting and unintelligible. I event of the conflict was disastrous to have every respect for the mythology Couroo, for the brothers had found fa- of the ancients : it is to that we owe vour with Crishna (Vishnu), as they science, arts, and history, and like the had performed grea and holy works. emblems in heraldry, it speaks a symSo much were they favoured, that bolical language. The primitive BrahCrishna stood before Urzoon while he mins were philosophers and sages; mounted his charger, and bade him whilst their successors have, to confirm not fear the hosts of Couroo. Thus and enslave the minds of the people, were the caves of Elora excavated : rendered a beautiful system of mytholVisvacarma being the architect em- ogy and science vicious and stupid. ployed by the Pandoos.
Idols, stones, and graven images, GENERAL OBSERVATIONS ON ELORA. ; are not alone reverenced by the Hin
The principal object of worship at doos. Trees, shrubs, and pieces of Elora is the stone so frequently spoken water, are in many places held in veneof, the Lingham, of “the changer of ration : such was the tank, near the things,” Māhā Deo (literally the great village of. Elora; hence, probably, God,), Siva. It is a symbol of him in arose the celebrity of the place, and his generative character; the base is the idea of excavating the temples in inserted in the Yoni; the Ling is of a the neighbourhood. The legend com
municated to me by the Brahmins was an excruciating pain. I had -that Ecloo Rajah, whose father's once a worm extracted: the territories were at Ellichpore, in the swelling was brought to head by reneighbouring kingdom of Hyderabad, peated poulticing, and then delicately was in a diseased state, and his body perforated, and a small straw worked filled with maggots ; but by dipping a under the worm, round which with cloth in the sacred spot, and rubbing it great care by the person performing over his body, he was cleansed of the the operation, he was by the motion of maggots, and a speedy cure effected. the straw wound round it and extractIt is unnecessary to dwell on this ex- ed. Others of my patients, who were travagant fable, when it is added that mere hypochondriacs, were cured by a the cistern, or koond, in which Ecloo very common medicine in Europe, bathed, was reduced from a large sheet faith and imagination, which in many of water, by the commands of Vishnu, disorders and with many persons will to the small size of a cow's hoof, and kill or cure. Some of my patients I that the event happened 7894 years am certain were in this case, as, my ago. There is scarcely a chronologia dispensary running low, I was fain to cal event of the Hindoos to which they substitute pills with little more than do not attach some monstrous absurdi- flour and water. ty to awaken your wonder, but which
AURUNGABAD. they themselves implicitly believe. So The extensive and fertile plaios lypleased was Ecloo with his
ing between Dowlutabad and Aurunhe instantly set about excavating the gabad, though possessing rich soils, temples as a mark of his gratitude and and intersected by many streams, and piety. History informs us that Ecloo in the vicinity of an imperial city, Raj flourished 930 years ago.
might be mistaken for a desert by those During my stay at Elora I met with accustomed to the rich scenes of Engno interruption whatever from the resi- land, whose prosperity and security dents or visitors at the temples. I alike dwell together. During my ride bad but little intercourse with the vil. I did not meet ten people, nor was a lage. The small supplies that I re- tenth part of the land in cultivation. quired, as milk, grass, rice, &c. were At a distance the view of Aurungadaily sent up to my tent by the Kutval, bad has an imposing effect : lofty mia Brahman, who was the head man of narets peeping out from among groves the village. For these necessaries he of trees; the large white domes of wished to decline payment. The mosques, with their gilded points, Baae (Holkar's Mother) defrayed all shining in the sun; a number of large charges of pilgrims, &c.; but as I did terraced houses rising above the walls not exactly come under that denomi- of the city, the whole covering a great nation, I begged to be under no obliga- extent of ground; but, as we approach, tion to her highness's bounty. The a different scene presents itself. After good-tempered Brahmin was not to be passing a large gateway, we at once evaded ; he insisted that I had cured enter the city, nearly half of which is several persons by means of my medi- in a state of decay and ruin, with a cal skill, and in dispensations of the scanty population. It has the sign in most excellent English medicine.” If every street of fallen greatness, and any radical cures were effected, it was shows that its prosperity perished with by means of a good dose of calomel. its founder Aurungzebe. One cure was ascribed to me which The wall which surrounds Aurungaought to have been ascribed to nature : bad is not at all calculated to sustain it was extracting a long worin(Narroo) a regular attack. It is lower than from the foot between the toes and the they usually are, with round towers at instep. I believe they are known to intervals, and is sufficient for resisting us as the guinea-worm. If they break the onset of a predatory body of either inside the skin some danger may be horse or foot; but Aurungzebe, in his apprehended. While they are forming lifetime, had no occasion to fear a regunder the skin or membrane, they ular attack in his capital : of the future
he thought and cared nought. The the terrace (as if they were tired of bedivine precept appears to be very fully longing to me), and to look about and and generally acted upon by the prin- to cogitate on the fallen grandeur of ces in India - Sufficient for the day Aurungabad, or, as the 'natives term it, are the evils thereof, and he had “to look and think together :" this enough upon his hands, what with the promised to be my occupation for three repeated rebellions of his brothers, and hours to come. Do not imagine, reathe encroachments of the Mahrattas in der, that because you have money in the Deccan, to occupy him in bis long your pocket, and are teased with a and turbulent reign.
craving appetite, that you may lay out The streets of Aurungabad are the one and satisfy the other, by probroad, and some few paved. There ceeding to a house and enjoying an exare many large and good houses in dif- quisite banquet, consisting of a fine ferent parts. The public buildings, rump-steak, a cup of ale, and a roastmosques, and caravanseras, are of a ed potatoe :-nothing of the kind in superior construction to those which Indian travelling ; you must carry evewe generally find in native cities. Gar- ry thing with you, to the salt that savdens and groves of trees, court-yards ours your meat, and must yourself look and fountains, diversify the scene, and after the packing, despatch, and arornament the streets. The shops pre- rangement of your marching and sent to view many costly articles of household affairs, or your servants Indian produce, but there is an air of will forget or neglect one half of what dejection about the whole that tells they ought to do. Fruit may be proyou the glory of the regal city has fled. cured in large towns; but in the heat A few groups of grave and fine-looking of the day, after a long ride, it is not Mussulmans, unoccupied by any thing advisable to eat any. The parched but idle talk, are seen lounging at dif- grain and sweetmeats sold in the ferent quarters ; or here and there one streets are both cloying and unpalataof the better order, clad in his flowing ble, so that your only resource is parobe, passes you with a stately and tience; and, if you wish to practise measured step, conscious of his manly that virtue in perfection, make a jourfigure and handsome features. These, ney of two or three hundred miles in and a few solitary Fakeers, are the India, and you will find yourself quite principal persons met with, except in an adept in the observance of it in all the immediate neighbourhood of the its bearings. markets, where some little bustle pre The following day was devoted to vails ; otherwise, there is nothing to viewing the city, which consisted in renind us of an Indian city, no seeing one or two objects of curiosity, pomp, no crowded streets, no horse- that either the mun cence or vanily inen, or cavalcades; none of the bust- of some former prince has raised in ling motions or noisy sounds that pro- the shape of a tomb, a mosque, or paclaim industry, occupation, and pros- goda. A native city possesses few perity. Partly deserted and partly in charms or attractions to Europeans ruins, Aurungabad presents a cheer- accustomed to the variety, arrangeless view to a stranger.
ment, and beauties of a British city, After wandering about some time, a
where at every turning there is some Mussulman very politely explained to object worthy of notice, to excite adme the way to a durrumsalla (cara- miration or to interest his feelings. vansera) erected for the accommodation On the contrary, there is so much conof travellers, that is to say, a place fusion, dirt, and wretchedness, in those where you are protected from the sun
cities under the native governments, and rain, and may spread your mat that a stranger is rather willing to quit and go to sleep. I had had a fatiguing it, than, by exploriug, only meet with and hot ride, and did not expect my objects that excite in his mind feelings baggage for some time, so that I had of sorrow and disappointment. nothing to do but to sit upon the edge The Hindoo, devoted to gain and of the elevated floor of my lodging, my superstition, cares but little as long as legs dangling down outside the wall of he increases his hoard and propitiates