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about for a long time upon the deck, in the boat, out of which he sprang but at last he lay down as if he had himself. been dead ; and when one of the by The year after, when the state standers exclaimed, “What a won- counsellor, Christopher Ulfeld, was derful God that must be who has hu- sent with a ship to Gulland, a merman creatures even in the water ;" man, having black hair and a long the merman answered, “ Yes; and if beard, approached them on their way; you knew all I do, you would say so he seemed to have great curiosity, indeed; but, if you do not let me this and observed the ship and those that moment return to the water, neither were in it very closely; but when one ye nor your ship shall ever reach the of the sailors flung him out a shirt in land." Thereupon he would not sport, he ducked under, and was no speak another word; but was placed more seen.

THE FATA MORGANA.

the morn

(Mon. Mag.) THE CONCHOLOGIST'S COMPANION ; COMPRISING THE INSTINCTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF

TESTACEOUS ANIMALS, &c. &c. BY THE AUTHOR OF THE WONDERS OF THE VEGETABLE
KINGDOM, &c.
THIS
HIS unpretending volume will be It was summer, early in July,

received with much pleasure by those ing calm and delightful; the winds whose taste leads them to the study of were hushed, the surface of the bay renatural history: especially by the more markably smooth—the tide at its full juvenile students, for whose use it is height, and the waters elevated in the principally designed. It is a judicious middle of the channel. The sun had and entertaining compilation from larger just surmounted the hills behind Regand more scientific works on the same gio, and formed an angle of forty-five subjects, interspersed with descriptions degrees on the noble expanse of water of natural scenery from the pen of the which extends before the city. Sudcompiler, who appears to be an ardent denly the sea that washes the Sicilian lover of nature. The following extract shores presented the aspect of a range from the description of the coral, which of dark mountains ; while that on the contains also an account of that singu- Calabrian coast appeared like a clear lar phenomenon the fata morgana, polished mirror, which reflected and will give a good idea of the style in multiplied every object existing or which the work is written.

moving at Reggio, with the addition of

a range of more than a thousand giant “This elegant production is common pilasters, equal in altitude, distance, to the shores of Great Britain ; but the and degree of light and shade. In á finest specimens are brought from the moment they lost half their height, and Persian Gulf, Red Sea, Africa, Bastions bent into arcades, like those of a Roof France, islands of Majorca and Cor. man aqueduct. A long cornice was sica, and from the coasts of Provence then formed on the top, and above it and Catalonia. A large fishery also rose innumerable castles, which presubsists in the Straits of Messina, where sently divided into towers, and shortly the shell collector had lately an oppor- afterwards into magnificent colonnades. tunity of not only seeing the method To these succeeded a sweep of winemployed by the Sicilian fishermen dows; then came pines and cypresses, in bringing up the coral, but also La and innumerable shrubs and trees; in Fata Morgana, that beautiful aerial shadier scenes phenomenon, which the credulous na • Pan or Sylvanus never slept, nor nymph tives imagine to be produced by fairies

Nor Faunus haunted.' or invisible beings,

« This glorious vision continued in That in the colours of the rainbow live,

full beauty till the sun was considerably Or play i' the plighted clouds.'

advanced in the heavens; it then van

ished in the twinkling of an eye; and manned by eight men, who separately instead of pilasters, groves, and colon- moored them above a range of submanades, the shell collector saw nothing rine rocks, and then proceeded to bring but the mountains of Reggio, Messina, up the branches of coral by means of and a beautiful expanse of water, re an instrument formed of two poles of flecting its cultivated shores, and the wood, crossing each other at right eattle that were grazing on its banks.* angles, and having a piece of net fas

“A new scene was now presented tened on the under side ; a large stone to his attention. It consisted of a num- having been previously fixed at the ber of boats skimming rapidly over the points where the poles cross each other, transparent water, each of which was in order to facilitate the descent of the tipped with vivid light; and a fleet of instrument; and a cord strongly tied more than twenty small vessels, with round the middle. Each of the fisher their sails expanded to catch the breeze, men held one of these instruments in They were employed in the coral fish- his hand, and by the help of a comery, which is carried on from the en, panion, guided the net to those places trance of the Taro to the part of the where the coral was supposed to grow, Strait opposite to the church of the which was then enclosed in the meshes Grotto, or through a tract of six miles of the net, broken off, and immediately in length, and to the distance of three drawn up." miles from Messina. Each vessel was

VARIETIES.

Original Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c.

INHABITANTS AND HABITATIONS OF getation. To the second question, it, THE MOON.

is answered that the indications from Professor Gruithausen in Munich which the existence of living beings is has now published the first-third of inferred, are found from 50 degrees his essay on the many plain indica- North latitude to 37 degrees, and pertions of inhabitants in the moon, and haps 47 degrees South latitude. The especially of a colossal building. The answer to the third question relates to Munich Gazette relates some of the the observations pointing out the plamost remarkable results derived from ces in the moon's surface, in which a great number of observations made are appearance of artificial causes, allast year. They answer three ques- tering the surface. The author here tions~1. To what latitude in the examines the appearances that induces moon are there indications of vegeta- him to infer that there are artificial tion ?-2. How far are there indica- roads in various directions, and he tions of animated beings ?-3. Where also describes the great colossal ediare the greatest and plainest traces of fice, resembling our cities, on the art on the surface of the moon ? most fertile part, near the moon's equaWith respect to the first question, it tor. It is remarkable that it stands appears from the observations of accurately, according the four cardiSchroter and Gruithausen that the ve- nal points, and that the main lines are getation on the moon's surface ex- in angles of 45 and 90 degrees, and a tends to 55 degrees South latitude, building resembling what is called a and 65 degrees North latitude. Ma- star redoubt, is attached to it, which ny hundred observations have shown the discoverer presumes to be dediin the different colours, and monthly cated to religious purposes; and as changes of the parts, evidently cover- the Selenites can see no stars in the ed with plants, three kinds of pheno- day time (their atmosphere being so mena, which cannot possibly be ex- pure) he thinks that they worship the, plained, except by the process of ve- stars, and consider the earth as a na

tural clock. The Essay is accompa* For a further description of a La Fata Morgana, nied by several plates. consult Travels in the Two Sicilies, by Swinburne.

BEETHOVEN.

PLUM PUDDING. Beethoven is the most celebrated This is one of the relics of barbarous of the living composers in Vienna, cookery—a compilation of grossness, and in certain departments the fore- gastronomically unscientific, and premost of his day. His powers of har- eminently unwholesome. Sugar, dough, mony are prodigious. Though not an and fat are its basis, and in such proold man, he is lost to society in con- portion that its lighter ingredients have sequence of his extreme deafness, not power to redeem its crudity. No which has rendered him almost unso- wonder John Bull is dyspeptic, hypocial The neglect of his person chondriacal, and suicidal, when plumwhich he exhibits gives him a some- pudding and malt-liquor occupy his what will appearance. His features stomach so often. Boiled dough is the are strong and prominent ; his eye is food of his youth-solid, stone-like full of rude energy ; his hair, which dough ;—and when he grows up, he neither comb nor scissors seem to mollifies his mess with sugar and have visited for years, overshadows his raisins ; scarcely a day passes without broad brow in a quantity and confu- a wedge of his favourite dish-plumsion to which only the snakes round pudding ; and then he mopes and a Gorgon's head offer a parallel. His drinks his ale, until a sufficient portion general behaviour does not ill accord of the narcotic portion of his beverage with the unpromising exterior. Ex- nods him down to sleep. And yet cept when he is among his chosen John wonders why he suffers from infriends, kindliness or affability are not digestion! Leave off plum-pudding, his characteristics. The total loss of The French, who know better than we hearing has deprived him of all the do the science of cookery, laugh at us pleasure which society can give, and for patronizing it. perhaps soured his temper.—Even

Thermometrical Observations. among his oldest friends, he must be humoured like

A gentleman perceiving a man a spoilt child. He has always a small paper book with swallowing liquor from a thermomehim, and what conversation takes ter, enquired of a bystander the reaplace, is carried on in writing. The which he replied, “Oh! he is getting

son of such a strange proceeding; to moment he is seated at the piano, he intoxicated by degrees.” is evidently unconscious that there is anything in existence but himself and The Human Heart. 8vo. 10s. 6d. his instrument; and, considering how This volume, which is a collection very deaf he is, it seems impossible of tales, written with considerable that he should hear all he plays. Ac- talent, would have been a much more cordingly, when playing very piuno, pleasing work had the author not filled he often does not bring out a single it so very full of horrors. He appears note. He hears it himself in the to be never satisfied unless he is lac4 mind's ear." While his eye, and erating “ the human heart” with some the almost imperceptible motion of appalling narrative, either conjured his fingers, show that he is following up by his own imagination, or selectout the strain in his own soul through ed from the darkest pages of history. all its dying gradations, the instru- Thus the second tale, “ Thou shalt ment is actually as dumb as the musi- not do evil that good may come of it," cian is deaf. He seems to feel the is the well-known story of Col. Kirk's bold, the commanding, and the impe- infamous treachery and violence to tuous, more than what is soothing or the sister of one of his prisoners. It gentle. The muscles of the face does not argue any great sense in the swell, and its veins start out ; the writer of his own powers, when he wild eye rolls doubly wild ; the mouth thus resorts to the horrible, for the quivers, and Beethoven looks like a purpose of infusing an interest into wizard overpowered by the demons his stories ; nor, indeed, is this whom he himself has called up.- the best mode of accomplishing Tour in Germany in 1820, 21, & 22, such an object; for our own parts,

oms.

we rather turn with distaste from these characters, with an English and Latin pictures of death and destruction and version, corresponding, verbatim, to despair. We regret that the author each character. of these tales has not selected more The Calcutta Gazette reports some pleasing themes for his pen, as he ap- interestiug discoveries by Mr. Moorpears to possess talents and feelings croft. in his progress through certain which would enable him to produce a elevated and imperfectly-known remuch more agreeable work.

gions bordering on India. Vast quan

tities of timber suited to ship-building; The Brisbane River lately discover- a whiter and more productive kind of ed, and the largest yet known in New wheat than any known in Britain ; Holland, empties into Moreton Bay, several sorts of barley, more producin lat. 28°, and is there three miles tive, and containing more valuable broad ; but at about twenty miles properties for malting than those cultifrom its mouth, it is crossed by a ledge vated in England ; a plant that cures of rocks, on which the tide rises only the rot in sheep, of which disease the twelve feet at high water : at fifty miles late Dr. Bakewell asserted, that hunfrom the sea the tide rose four and dreds of thousands died every year in a half feet, and ran upwards of four Britain ; a hardy variety of hay, with miles per hour : its usual depth from which waste moors and heath-covered hence to the sea is three to nine fath- commons may be cultivated, so as to

This river comes from the S. afford winter-food for an additional W., in the direction of the Macquarie million of English sheep. The quality Marshes, distant about three hundred of this food is such as to fatten them in and fifty miles, of which it is the prob- half the time they would require on able outlet : a supposition which seem- any known forage now in use ; a breed ed confirmed by the banks of the of mountain sheep, of which an EngBrisbane, showing no marks of floods, lish cottager may keep three with more than seyen feet above a low state more ease than he can maintain a of water.

cur-dog: a little farmer may keep a The Hives of Bees taken out to small flock of them on the waste proNew South Wales by Capt. WALLACE, duce of his farm. This breed has been were five of them thriving well, and secured, and provision made for keephad thrown off many swarms, although ing a stock of them for three years. the greater part of these had escaped In 1818, Yuenke, Governor of Caninto the woods ; where they are mul- ton, and Ke Foo Yuen, Deputy Govertiplying fast, owing to the country and nor, wrote to the Emperor to solicit climate being so favourable to their his authority for the composition of a propagation. It seems probable there- topographical description of the Profore, that wild honey and wax, as well vince of Canton, assigning as a reason as that raised in hives, may become that what was composed ninety years. ere long articles of export from the before, was become very defective and colony.

inaccurate. The Emperor approved The British Asiatic Journal of No- the project, and the work was undervember contains a remarkable article, taken under the direction of twentya sort of prediction, found in the text seven persons of different ranks and of the philosopher Confucius, announc-' talents, and submitted to the general ing, in a manner very distinct, that surveilance of the Governor. Four they were to expect from the west years have been occupied in the com(this is in reference to China) a saint, position and printing of this book. It or holy one, that would instruct men is now about to

appear

in a hundred in the whole of their duties, and stamp volumes, under the title of Kwangperfection on the principles and prac-' tung-tung-che, or General Topography, tices of religion. These curious texts, of China. which have already obtained some

CURE FOR THE TOOTH-ACHE. publicity from the labours of Mr. Abel Take a table-spoonful of any kind of Remusat, appear here, in Chinese vinegar, and a tea-spoonful of common salt;.

spirits, and the same quantity of sharp

NEW WORKS.

mix them well together ; hold the liquid in other by inolechlar attraction, and aot by the mouth, so that it can enter the cavity of any motion belonging to themselves. the tooth, and it will give immediate relief, EARTHLY MATTER is composed of hard,

opaque, polyedrous or rounded molecules ; MATTER.

the form and colour of which are not M. BORY DE SAINT Vincent bas lately changed by alterations of wet and dryness. read to the Society of Natural History, and

M. Bory de Saint Vincent thinks that, to the Academy of Sciences at Paris, a cu with this small number of materials, enrious memoir on Matter, considered with dowed with invariable properties, Nature is reference to Natural History.

enabled to produce the prodigious variety In consequence of the great errors which of beings which people the universe, all result from the use of microscopes of more subjected to simple and uniform laws. He extensive power, M. de Saint Vincent has entirely denies the transformation of ania confined himself in his observations to mi- mals into vegetables, and reciprocally, even eroscopes which magnify a thousand times. in inicroscopic beings. In penetrating by these instruments into the invisible world (to use his own expres

CEMENT FOR GLASS OR CHINA. sion,) matter has constantly presented it.

Garlic, stamped in a stone mortar, the self to him in five states, perfectly distinct; juice whereof when applied to the pieces states which he by no means considers as to be joined together, is the finest and primordial and elementary, but which, how strongest ceinent for that purpose, and will ever they may be themselves constituted, leave little or no mark, if done with care. form, by their combinations, the greater part of existing beings. To each of these Canova's Works, complete, 2 vols. imp. classes of corpuscula, he gives a character. fol. 41. 4s.; imp. 4to. 61 6s.-Robinson's Ilistic name, conformable to its most remark- lustrations of Mickleham Church, roy. 4to. able properties, and classes them in the 258.; imp. 4to. 21. 28.-Rhodes's Peak Scefollowing order :- Mucous MATTER, Liv- nery, or the Derbyshire Tourist, 8vo. 14s. ING MATTER, VEGETABLE MATTER, CRYS. Hawker's Instructions to young Sportsmen, TALLISABLE MATTER, EARTHLY MATTER. 3d edit. roy. 8vo. 30s.-Beauvillier's Art of

Mucous MATTER shows itself in water French Cookery, 12mo. 75.- The Philomasubmitted to the prolonged operation of air thic Journal and Literary Review, No. 1.5s. and light. It coats the stones which lie at - The Human Heart, post 8vo. 10s. 6d. the bottoms of brooks and rivers, and ren Nichols' Arminianism and Calvinism comders them very slippery. It is sensibly pared, 2 parts, 8vo. 20s.--Voltaire's Philounctuous to the touch ; and sometimes ac- sophical Dictionary, Vol. IV. 1800. 85.quires the consistence of a jelly. Aquatic Preston on the Law of Legacies, 8vo. 14s. animals are more or less covered with it; -Woolrych on the Law of Rights of Comand M.Bory de St.Vincent thinks the viscid- mon, 8vo. 14s. ity of sea water is chiefly attributable to it. The compilers of the Percy Anecdotes

LIVING MATTER, according to M.de Saint having announced a Collection of Histories Vincent, is composed of globules, perfectly of the capitals of Europe , have commenced round, which are the monas termo, of Mul- their design with the History of London. ler. These globules are in constant agita• It appears to be a collection carefully made, tion, and move with the greatest swiftness. of the most interesting facts which are to Their appearance precedes, by a shorter or be found in the various Histories of London, a longer time, that of the animals called to which are subjoined details relative to infusiores. They incorporate themselves its present state. The materials of the with inucous matter, give it a certain con work are, therefore, unexceptionable, but sistence, and convert it into membranes it chiefly recommends itself by the neatness which seem to require nothing, in order to and elegance of its typography, and particconstitute living bodies, but a nervous net- ularly by some highly-finished engravings work, the manner of the introduction of by Cooke, made after drawings by Neal. which will probably never be discovered. If the other capitals are exhibited in as good

VEGETATIVE MATTER discloses itself in taste, the work will be an acquisition to our all kinds of water, even in distilled. It cabinet libraries. colours, with an agreeable green, the liquid A contribution to military history has in which it is formed, and the bodies which been published in the Journal of an Officer, are immersed in that liquid. M. Bory de written during the Siege of Quebec, in 1775Saint Vincent attributes to it the greenish 6. The narrative is circumstantial and hue of packed oysters. The particles of very interesting, and it is enriched by notes, vegetative matter are compressible, oval, a supplement, and preface, by Mr. Short, and transparent, but of a greenish hue, who in spite of circumstances, continues to motionless, preserving their colour, but to call the Americans revolutionists and losing their form in drying.

rebels. We cannot wonder that the JourCRYSTALLISABLE MATTER is the fourth nal should be mingled with such feelings, result of the spontaneous decomposition but the sentiments of the editor are not in which takes place in infusions. It is an keeping. He does not seem to be aware of assemblage of translucid particles, hard, the maxim, that no glory can be gained in angular, and lat; which approach one an a war which is not both just and necessary,

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