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always used in the fame fense with another, which uniformly fignifies the present world, the whole frame of nature, as mankind stand connected with it, in opposition to that world which is fpiritual and eternal, except where it is distinguished by particular circumstances; the most natural interpretation of what the Apostle fays here, will be that which he gives us in this fame epistle; when he says, “ he * was crucified to the world, and the fr world was crucified to him.” Thus he was effectually taken out of it. The course of it, after which the men of the world, the natural children of Adam, walk, Eph. ii. 3. had no more influence on him. He, and all true Chriftians, are crucified with Christ; have from him and in him a new life , are begotten and born again into a new world, the spiritual and eternal one; and, by his Spirit dwelling in them, learn to live as fpirits do, on that fullness of God which dwells in him. Christ is all to them; they need no more; and to him belongs all the glory, and to him they heartily and willingly give it all: as the Apostle does, verf. 5. To him be the glory for ever and ever. VOL. III.


Of Of all the duties of worship which men owe their Creator, Redeemer, and constant Benefactor, that of giving him the glory due, unto his name, as the Psalmist expresses it, is the most natural, and, at the same time, the most comprehensive. It is that which is most worthy of God, and most becoming the creature; it makes a necessary ingredient in all the duties of religion, and is the very essence of praise and thanksgiving; it mixes even with all the actions of common life; and where-ever it is wanting, there must be something amiss; that is, fome degree of sin in the most innocent, and even the best actions. The Apostle's rule is a full proof of this: “ Whether therefore ye eat or “ drink, do all to the glory of God,” 1 Cor. x. 31. Giving God the glory of his name, supposes the knowledge of it, or, which is the same thing, the knowledge of God as he is manifested and difcovered to us : and that is only done by such works and ways of his as are brought under our observation. Praises and thankfgivings, the only way by which we directly give glory to him, always fuppose something we praise, and give him


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thanks for. And to give him the glory due unto his name, must carry in it a full conviction and acknowledgement, that he really is such a God as he has shown himself to be in all his works and ways; that is, as creator, preserver, and governor, of the world; but especially as he has manifested himself in Jesus Christ, and all the riches of his sovereign grace and merciful kindness to mankind; with the impresfions which the believing views of them. necessarily make on the heart, filling it with the warmest gratitude and love. These are the sacrifices which God has chosen; and which accordingly we find him, Pfal.l. preferring to all the most costly offerings under the Old-Testament dispensa

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6. I marvel, that ye are so foon removed from him

that called you into the grace of Christ, unto another gospel: 7. Which is not another ; but there be fome that trouble you, and would pervert the gospel of Chrift: 8. But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you, than that which we have preached unto you, let him. be accursed. 9. As que faid before, so say I now again, If any mar preach any other gospel unto you, than that ye have

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, received, received, let him be accursed. 10. For do I now persuade men, or God?. or do I seek to please men ? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ.

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TN these verses the Apostle enters on the I main subject of his epistle, intended to recover those Galatians, whom, by his preaching among them, he had converted from Heathen ignorance and idolatry, to the faith of Jesus Christ, and the knowledge of the true God in and through him. He had been taking a view of the astonishing condescension and grace of God to a perishing sinful world, demonstrated in the strongest manner, by put ting away sin, by the sacrifice of his Son, that he might deliver them from this prefent evil world, that is, from the power of Satan, into the glorious liberty of the sons of God, and a comfortable and honourable standing in the grace and favour of the living God. Warmed, as a heart like his must have been, with these affecting views, he could not miss stating the case with a more than ordinary degree of warmth, which yet he moderates with great tenderness and caution.


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The Galatians were indeed deeply guilty, but those who had seduced them were greatly more so. Against these last therefore he points the highest indignation; while he only wonders how. the others could be so foon prevailed with to make a change so much to their detriment and loss.

Verf. 6. I marvel, &c. · No wise man will wonder at any thing but what is very extraordinary, and fur. prises, not only with the novelty, but the uncommonness and unaccountableness of the event. And surely such a man as Paul, who knew so much of human nature, and had such an extensive knowledge of the world, would not marvel at any thing without very great reason. What this was, he states very fairly, though in few words, vers. 6. It was, that these Galatians were fo foon removed from him that called them into the grace of

Chrift unto another gospel. So our trans·lators render his words, plainly enough;

but interpreters are greatly divided about what is the true fense of the words which he uses. · Could it be determined with certainty whom the Apostle means by him,


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