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ples, either as to the crimes or penalty, in the dif., bim, into the hands of the inhabitants well affected, ferent states; and particularly that treason against called tories, and will attack all such of the milithe union may be properly described, and the pu- lia as remain in arms; burn and destroy their houses nishment thereof suitably defined. Such a general and other property, and reduce them, their unfor. foundation being once laid, the law can be varied tunate wives and children to beggary and distress. and accommodated, if necessary, to the local and -And, to convince them that these are not vain special circumstances of each state, without sub-threats, he has subjoined a list of the names of such stantially departing from it.

as will be the first objects to feel the vengeance of

the Brtish nation. 9. That your attendance on the duties of your ap.

"Given under my band at head.quarters, Salem, pointment may be the more easy and convenient,

21st day of March, 1778. and that you may have leisure and opportunity occa.

CS. MAWHOOD, Col." sionally to attend 10 your domestic concerns, from which, otherwise, you must have been totally ab. Answer of the colonel of militia. stracted, we have made the representation to con.

"SIR-I have been favored with what you say husist of five, some three to be constantly present in manity has induced you to propose. It would congress, unless when precluded by unavoidable have given me much pleasure to have found accident. And that the state may not be put to that humanity had been the line of conduct to unnecessary expense, not more than three are to our troops since you have come to Salem. Not attend at the same time.

only denying quarters, but butchering our men

who surrendered thems-lves prisoners in the ski me By order of the joint-meeting,

isb at Quinton's Bridge last Thursday: and bayonetJOHN STEVENS, Chairman.

ing yesterday morning, at Hancock's Bridge, in the Princeton, December 4, 1777.

most cruel manner, in cold blood, men, who were

taken by surprise, in a situation in which they neithIBON THE SALEM (x. J.) MESSENGER, AUG. 15ih. er could nor did attempt to make any resistance;

The following correspondence, which passed be. and some of whom were not fighting me , are in. tween the commanding officers of the British stances too shocking for me to relate, and I hope troops and American militia, at this place, in the for you to hear. The brave are ever generous and time that "tried mens souls,” in the revolutionary

humane! After expressing your sentiments of hustruggle, was handed us by a venerable old man;

manity, you proceed to make a request which I who bore the fatigues and privation of a soldier in

think you would despise us if we complied with.

Your proposal that we should lay down our arms, those days. It was presented for publication, for the purpose of reviving and keeping alive our

we absolutely reject. We have taken thern up to

gra. titude to those who so nobly contended for liberly,

maintain rights, which are dearer to us than our and adoration to the supreme ruler of the universe,

lives, and will not lay them down, till either suc. for causing the seemingly just, though apparently

cess bas crowned our cause with victory, or like weaker power, to prevail. The proposal of the many ancient worthies contending for liberty, we British commander is cruel and insulting: the an.

meet with an bonorable death. You mention, that swer ingenious and bold. They are as follows:

if we reject your proposal, you will put arms into

the bands of the tories against us. We have no ob. “Colonel Mawhood, commanding a detachment of jections to the measure, for it would be a very good the British army at Salem, induced by motives of

one to fill our arsenals with arms. Your threat to bumanity, proposes to the militia at Quinton's wantonly burn and destroy our houses and other proBridge and the neighborhood, as well officers as

perty, and reduce wives and children to beggary private inen, to lay down their arms and depart, and dis:ress, is a sentiment which my humanity aleach man to his own home; on that condition he most forbids me only to recite! and induces me to solemnly promises to re-embark his troops without imagine that I am reading the cruel order of a bardelay, doing no further damage to the country, and barous Attila, and not of a gentlemen, brave, gene. he will cause his commissaries to pay for the cat

rous and polished with a genteel European educatle, hay and corn, tbai have been taken, in sterling |tion. To wantonly destroy will injure your cause money.

more than ours. It will increase your enemies and "If, on the contrary, the militia should be delu- four army. To destine to destruction the property ded and blind to their true interest and happiness, of our most distinguished men, as you have done in be will put the arms which he has brought with your proposal, is, in my opinion, unworthy a gener.


ous foe, and more like a rancorous feud between; frustrate the designs of God, and render vain the two contending barons, than a war carried on by bounties which his gracious hand pours indiscrimi. one of the greatest powers on earth against a peo. nately upon his creatures. By these the miserable ple nobly struggling for liberty. A line of bonor slaves in Turkey, Persia, and many other extensive would mark out that these men should share the countries, are rendered truly wretched, though fate of their conntry. If your arms should be crown their air is salubrious, and their soil luxuriously fered with victory, which God forbid, they and their tile. By these France and Spain, though blessed by property will be entirely at the disposal of your nature with all that administers to the convenience power, will fonly make them desparate, and, as I oflife, have been reduced to that contemptible state said before, increase your foes and our army; and in which they now appear; and by these Barta retaliation upon tories and their property is not eno

-!!! but if I was possessed of the gift of protirely out of our power. Be assured that these are phecy, I dare not, except by Divine command, unthe humble sentiments and determined resolution fold the leaves on which the destiny of that once not only of myself, but of all the officers and pri- powerful kingdom is inscribed.” vates under me.

At that time there were no British troops in Bos. "My prayer is, sir, that this answer may reach ton; four regiments, however, shortly after arrived, you in good health and happiness.

the officers of which expressed the most decided

detestation of the above inserted quotation, and as “Given at head-quartes, at Quinton's Bridge,

Mr. Knapp says, "threatened vengeance on any ora. March 22d, 1778.

tor, who should dare to repeat such seatimeats." ELIJAH HAND, Colonel.

When Warren delivered his Oration the following "To Cs. Mawhood, Colonel.”

year, in defiance of those threats, the Britisb arsy had been reinforced to nearly ten thousand men, and

more than an hundred of the officers attended ree Mr. Russell. On reading in your last Wednes- cretly armed, for the purpose of taking revenge, ca day's Centinel, an extract from Mr. Knapp's biogra- the utterance of any sentiment, which should be phy of Warren, it reminded me of some circum- obnoxious to them. stances, not mentioned by him, which occurred at

The writer of this article was standing in the broad the "Old Soull” on the 5th of March, 1775, which aisle, near the upper end, and saw Capt. Chapman, was the anniversary of the massacre of several in.

of the Royal Welch Fusileers, on the lowest step of habitants of the town of Boston by the British troops,

the pulpit stairs, playing with three pistel ballets in in 1770.

his right band, and occasionally casting locks of Mr. Hancock bad delivered an oration the pre. William Cooper, esq. the town-clerk, who was seat

contempt on the orator, but more particularly on ceding year on the same occasion, in the course of ed near bim, directly under the pulpit. Mr. Cooper of wbich be had made the following observations:- maintained a firm and undaunted countenance, and

“ Standing armies are sometimes (I would by no returned his looks with disdain. I never look back means say generally, much less universally) com- upon that scene without horror, in the contemplation posed of persons who have rendered themselves un- of the danger we were then in of a much more bor. fit to live in civil society; who have no other motives rid massacre than the one we were then commemo. of conduct than those which a desire of the present rating. A trifle, lighter than air, would bave de. gratification of their passions suggests; who have no luged that church, in the minds of both parties, it property in any country; men who have lost or given has always been a wonder to me that the war dil up their own liberties, and envy those who enjoy not commence on that day. liberty; who are equally indifferent to the glory of The 47 th regiment, (it was supposed by designs, a George or a Louis; ivho for the addition of one passed the church at this time, the drums beatis; penny a day to their wages, would desert from the with redoubled force. This regiment was com Christian cross, and fight under the crescent of the manded by the infamous colonel Nesbit, who, a few Turkish sultan. From such men as these what has days after, caused an innocent man to be lerred an! not a state to fear?-With such as these usurping feathered, and carted through the principal streets Cæsar passed the Rubicon; with such as these be in open day, and headed the party #IMSELF!!! folbumbled mighty Rome, and forced the mistress of lowed by some grenadiers and the wbole band of the world to own a master in a traitor. These are the regiment, in defiance of that law wbich be wu the men whom sceptered robbers now employ to ostensibly sent to protect.

After the orator had made some remarks on the accurately inspected; to reject such as are not fit massacre of the 5th March, 1770, he said for use, and report the corps that offer them. “And could it bave been conceived that we again

13—Two Hessian deserters came in; every thing should have seen a British army in our land, sent to favorable. enforce obedience to acts of parliament destructive

Head-quarters, Oct. 13, 1781. of our liberty? But the royal ear, far distant from

For to-morrow.

1 tbis western world, has been assaulted by the tongue

B. G. Wayne and of SLANDBR; and VILLAINS, TRAITorous alike to KING

Gist's brigade. and country, have prevailed upon a gracious prince

14.--This morning a deserter says the infantry to clothe his countenance with wrath, and to erect refuse doing duty. That Cornwallis promised them the hostile banner against a people ever affectionate they would be relieved from New York, and give and loyal to him and his illustrious predecessors of each reg. a pipe of wine. the house of Hanover. Our streets are again filled

The marquis, at dark, stormed their river batte. with armed men; our harbor is crowded with ry, and baron viscount Viomnel stormed another ships of war, but these cannot intimidate us; our on their extreme, to the left, with little loss. We liberty must be preserved; it is far dearer than life, run our second parallel complete. we hold it even dear as our allegiance; we must de

Ilead.quarters, Oct. 14, 1781. fend it against the attacks of friends as well as ene

For to-morrow. mies; we cannot suffer even Britons to ravish it from

M. G. Lincoln, us."

B. G. Clinton. While this sentence was repeating, captain Chap

Maj. general Lincoln's division will mount the

trenches to-morrow man exclaimed-Fre! Fık! It was at first supposed

The effects of the late col. Scammel will be disposthat Fine was cried, which occasioned a momentary

ed of at public sale, to-morrow at 3 o'clock, P. disturbance- when William Cooper rose from his chair, and, with a voice truly Stentorian, vociferated M. at maj. Rice's tent, in gen. Hayne's Brigade. that "there was no fire, but the fire of envy, burning

15.--This night the enemy made a sally and im

posed themselves on the French for Americans; in the hearts of our enemies, which he hoped soon

forced their works and made themslves masters of to see extinguished," looking with indignation on

an American battery which they spiked. Imposi. Chapman, Hawkes and other officers who where

tion being found out, they retired, with eight men near him.

killed on the spot. I could enlarge on this subject, Mr. Russell, but

Head quarters, Oct. 15, 1781. as I have already extended my remarks beyond my

For to-merrow. original intentions, and I fear encroached on you:

M. G. M. La Fayette, patience, I will subscribe myself

B. G. Mfuhlenburg and

layne's brigade.

Maj. gen. La Fayette's division will mount the From the Village Record, Nov.7, 18-21. trenches to-morrow. This week the Journal of capt. Davis is brought The commander in chief congratulates the army to a close. The event to which it particularly re. on the success of the enterprize against the two imlates is the most important in our military annals. portant works on the left of the enemy's lines. He It is not recollected that the general orders, issu- requests the baron Viomnel, who commanded the ed during the investment of Cornwallis, were ever French grenadiers and chasseurs, and marquis before published.

La Fayette, who commanded the American light JOURNAL OF CAPT. DAFIS.

infantry, to accept his warmest acknowledgments Oct. 12.- A tremendous fire from both sides. for the excellency of their dispositions and their

Head-quarters, Oct. 12, 1781. own gallant conduct on the occasion; and he begs For to-morrow.

them to present his thanks to every individual offi. M. G. M. La Fayette,

cer, and to the men of their respective commands, B. G. Muhlenburgh.

for the spirit and rapidity with which they advanc. The Marquis' division will mount in the trenches ed to the attacks assigned them, and for the admi. to-morrow. The superintendent of the deposite of rable firmness with which they supported them, the trenches, is required to bave the quality of sau. under the fire of the enemy, without returning a cisson, fascines and gabions brought to the deposite, I shot.

The general reflects with the bighest degree of 19.–At 1 o'clock this day, our troops marched in pleasure on the confidence which the troops of the and took possession of their horn-works, and the two nations must hereafter have in each other.-- British marched out. The American and French ar. Assured of mutual support, he is convinced there wies forma a lane through which the British pass is no danger which they will not cheerfully encoun. and ground their arms. ter~no difficulty which they will not bravely over.

Head-quarters, Oct. 19. 1781. come.

For to-morrow. The troops will be supplied with fresh beef to

M.G. Lincoln, Thursday next, inclusive; they will receive 3 pitits

Col. Butler, of salt to every 100 rations, for their allowance of

M j. Woodson, Wednesday and Thursday.

B. M. Blake, 16.-Our batteries completing very fast.

Gen. Muhlenburg's brigade will hold itself in Head-quarters, Oct. 16, 1781.

readiness for duty to-morrow. For to-morrow.

20.- Lay quiet this day cleaning our arms. M. G. B. Steuben,

Head-quarters, Oct. 20, 1781.
B. G. Wayne and

For to morrow.
Gist's brigade.

M. G. M. La Fayette,

Col. Stewart, Maj. gen. baron Steuben's division will mount in the trenches to morrow.

Maj. Bird,

M. M. Cox. The commander in chief having observed that

Brig. general Hayne's brigade for duty to morthe trenches are constantly crowded with specta.

row, to parade at 10 o'clock on their own parade. tors, who, by passing and repassing, prevent the

The general congratulates the army upon tbe glemen from working, and thereby greatly impede the operations of the siege. He therefore orders that riour event of yesterday: the generous proofs which no officer, who is not on duty, shall hereafter enter

bis most Christian majesty bas given of his attach. the trenches, except gen. officers and their aids, ment to the cause of America, must force convic

tion in the minds of the most deceived among the and that no inhabitant, or person not belonging to


relative to the decisive good consequences the army, be suffered to enter the trenches, at any time, without permission from the maj. general of of the alliance; and inspire every citizen of these

states with sentiments of the most unalterable grathe trenches.

titude. His fleet, the most numerous and powerful In future the relief for the trenches are not to that ever appeared in those seas, commanded by an beat their drums after they pass the mill-dam; they admira) whose fortune and talents insure success; are from that place to march silently, with trailed

an army of the most admirable composition, both arms and colours furled, until they arrive at their in officers and men, are the pledges of his friendship posts in the trenches.

to the United States, and their co-operation has seLieut. col. Debart being relieved from his arrest, cured us the present signal success. the court martial, of which col. Cortland is presi.

The general, upon this occasion, entreats his erdent, will proceed to the trial of the prisoners con.

cellency, count Rochambeau, to acecept his most fined in the provost.

grateful acknowledgments for his council and ar17.-At 11 o'clock, his lordsbip closes the scene sistance at all times. He presents his warmest by propsitions for deputies from each army, to meet thanks to the generals baron de Viomnel, chevalier at Moore's house, to agree on terms for the surren. Chastelleus, marquis de St Simon, count de Vionder of York and Gloster. An answer was sent nel, and to brig. de Choisey, (who had a separate by 3 o'clock, when a cessation of arms took place. command), for the illustrions manner in which they

have advanced the interest of the common cause. Head-quarters, Oct. 17, 1781. For the trenches to-morrow.

He requests the count de Rochambeau will be pleas

ed to communicate to the army under bis immediMaj. gen. Lincoln's Division.

ate command, the high sense he entertains of the 18-Flags alternately passing this day.

distinguished merits of the officers and soldiers of Head quarters, Oci. 18, 1781.

every corps, and that he will present in his name, to For the trenches to.morrow.

the regiment of Argenois and Deaponts, the pieces Maj. gen. marquis La Fayette's division. of brass ordnance captured by them, as a testimony of their gallantry in storming the enemy's redoubts, 2.-Distribution of the supplies. on the night of the 14th inst. when officers and men 3.-Orders for Pennsylvania and Maryland troops so universally vied with each other in the exercise to march to-morrow for South Carolina. of every soldierly virtue.

4-General beat at 8 o'clock. Tents struck and The general's thanks to each individual of merit, loaded. Troops march at 9. would comprehend the whole army: but he thinks himself bound however by affection, duty and gra.

DRAYTON'S MEMOIRS. titude, to express bis obligation to inaj. gens. Lin.

Among other extracts made from this work, and coln, La Fayette and Steuben, for their dispositions published in the Charleston Courier, we have selectin the trenches—to gen. Duportail and col. Carneyed the following: for the vigor and knowledge wbich were conspicu.

The proceedings at Charleston to resist the opeous in their conduct of the attacks; and to gen. rations of the stamp-act are very interesting. The Knox and col. de Abberville for their great atten.

commons house of asserably, having been assured tion and fatigue in bringing forward the artillery of the stamp-act from Great Britain, endeavored to and stores; and for their judicious and spirited

prevent it from being enforced by denying it offimanagement of them in the parallels. He requests cial promulgation. This furnishes additional evithe gentlemen above mentioned, to communicate dence that the colonists resorted to the chances of his thanks to the officers and soldiers of their com. war, after having ineffectually tried every mode of mands. Ingratitude, which the general bopes never redress. But fate, for wise purposes, bad renderto be guilty of, would be conspicuous in him, was ed remonstrance, argument, and even entreaty, un, he to omit thanking in the warmest terms his excel.

availing. lency governor Nelson, for the aid be has derived

“Having received the stamp-act, the lieut. go. from him, and from the militia under his command; vernor, (in the absence in England of Thomas to whose activity, emulation and courage such ap. Boone, the governor), manifested a desire of com plause is due; the greatness of the acquisition plying with its requisitions, in causing it to be ex would be ample compensation for the bardshipsecuted, (the governor of the province being, by the and hazards which they encountered with so much terms of the act, sworn to its due esecution); buc patriotism and firmness.

his powers at that time were insufficient to effecta, In order to diffuse the general joy in every breast, ate the same. the general orders those men belonging to the ar.

“Encouraged by this weakness, and by the pub. my, who may now be in confinement, shall be par. lic opinion which was hostile to the act, the memdoned, and join their respective corps.

bers of assembly deliberated in what manner they 21.-British marched out for their cantonments might most embarrass and elude its operations.under mililia guards.

And, as the best mode they could devise, they ad, 22-York affords very good Port-wine. dressed tbe lieutenant governor on the occasion,

23.-Orders for the troops to hold themselves in requesting to be informed whether the stamp-act, readiness to march at the shortest notice. said to have been passed in parliament, had been 24.-Marquis de St. Simon's troops embark their transmited to him, and if it had, through what chan

nel; and whether he had received it from a secretary 25.-Demolish our works by brigades, of state, the lords of trade, or from any other authen.

26.-Expectations of a supply of necessaries tic source? These were questions of a singular nafrom the merchants of York and Gloster. ture-bowever, bis bonor, from a desire to soften

27.--Report says sir H. Clinton has embarked as much as possible the fermentations which exist from New York for Virginia.

ed, answered, he had received it from Thomas 28.-The American cannon put on board vessels Boone, the governor of the province. The assemfor the head of Elk.

bly replied, that, while Mr. Boone was out of the 29.- Nothing material.

bounds of his government, they could not consider 30.-1 was on duty at Gloster.!

bim in any other ligbt than as a private gentlemen; 31.-Col. Tarlton dismounted from his horse by and the act being received through such a channel, an inhabitant, who claimed him in the midst of the was not sufficiently authentic, to place the lieutenAtreet.

ant governor under the obligation of enforcing it. Nov. 1-A supply of clothing purchased by “The stamps soon reached Charleston, and were agents, appointed for that purpose.

jeposited at Fort Johnson. The people, finding

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