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proceedings, as appear to you needful and conveni., from the general sense of the people, and such of ent to be communicated for consideration: and to the representatives as they have had an opportunity observe all such further instructions as you may re. ceive; and you are to report your doings with the of speaking to, that when the assembly does meet, doings of the commissioners ai such meeting, to the (which will be probably very soon) the congress general assembly of this colony, for acceptance and will be approved, and a regular committee for the approbation. A true copy, examined by

purpose appointed; in the mean time they think GEORGE WYLLYS, Secretary. themselves in some measure authorised to meet Tuomas Fitch, esquire, governor and command.the congress, by the following vote, viz:

er in chief of bis majesty's colony of Con-
necticut in New-England, in America,

Extract from the votes and proceedings of the geTo Eliphalet Dyer, David Rowland, and William neral assembly of the colony of New York. Samuel Johnson, esquirea,

Die SAJATI, 9h, A. M. the 4th April, 171. GREETTIG:

Mr. Speaker represented to this house, that his Whereas, the general assembly of the said situation in the country rendered it vastly inconve. colony of Connecticut, at their session holden at nient to himn alone to correspond with the agent of Hartford on the nineteenth day of this instant, Septhis colony, at the court of Great Britain, and more tember, nominated and appointed you, or any two especially so, during the recess of the house. of you, to be commissioners on behalf of this colo.

Ordered. That the members of the city of New. ny, to repair to New York to attend a congress pro- Tork, or the major part of them, be a committee of posed to be held there by commissioners from the correspondence to correspond with the agent of several governments on this continent, to confer this colony at the court of Great Britain during the upon a general and united, loyal, humble and duti recess of the house, concerning the public affairs ful representation to his majesty and the parliament, of this colony; and that they lay before the house of the present circumstances of the colonies, and copies of all such leiters as they may write to bim, the difficulties to which they are and must be redu. and also all such letiers and advices at they may ced by the operation of the acts of parliament, for receive from him respecting the same. levying duties and taxes on the colonies, and to im.

Die Jovis, 9h, A. m. 9th December, 1762. plore relief, &c. and have desired me to commission

Alderman Livingston, from the committee apyou accordingly.

pointed to correspond with the agent of this colony I do therefore, reposing a special trust and confi. at the court of Great Britain, acquainted the house, dence in your loyalty, ability and good conduct, that the committee conceived it expedient that one hereby constitute, authorize and commission tbe or more members should be added to the said comsaid Eliphalet Dyer, David Rowland and William mittee to correspond with the said agent about the Samuel Johnson, esquires, or any two of you, for affairs of this colony. and on behalf of this colony, to repair to the said Ordered, That Robert R, Livingston, esq. be add. city of New-York on the first day of October next, ed to, and be made one of the said committee of or at the time which, according to the intelligence correspondence. you may receive of the convening of the other com

Die Jovis, 9h, a. x. the 18th October. 1764. missioners, may appear to you seasonable and best,

Ordered, that the said committee appointed to to confer and consult with them or such of them as shall be present upon and convening, the matters correspond with the said agent, be also a committee and things before mentioned, for the purposes afore. during the recess of the house, to write to and corsaid; wherein you are to observe such instructions respond with the several assemblies or committees as you have received, or shall further receive from of assemblies on this continent, on the subject matthe general assembly of the said colony of Connec. the act restraining

paper bills of credit in the colo,

ter of the act, commonly called the stamp act, of ticut, agreeable to the important trust reposed in

nies, from being a legal tender, and of the several you.

Given under my hand, and the publc seal of said other acts of parliament lately passed, with relation colony of Connecticut, within the same, the twen

to the trade of the nothern colonies; and also on the ty-first day of September, in the fifth year of the subject of the impending dangers, which threaten

the colonies of being taxed by laws to be passed in reign of our sovereign lord George the third, of

Great Britain. Great Britain, France and Ireland, king, defender of the faith, &c. Anno Domini, one thousand seven hun the records of the proceedings of the general pe

Extract from, compared and examined with dred and sixty-five.

THOMAS FITCH.

sembly of the colony of New York. Dy his honor's command,

By ABRAHAM LOTT, clerk, Gsoles WILLIS, Secretary.

From the colony of

ROBERT O&dex,

HENDRICK FISull,
ROBERT R. LIVIIGSTON,

Nord-Jersey,

Josep! BORDEN,
From the colony
JOIN CRUGER,

Who produced the following appointment, viz:
PalLIP LIVINGSTON,
of New York,
WILLIAM BAYARD,

At a meeting of a large number of the representaLEONARD LISPENARD,

tives of the colony of New-Jersey, at the bouse of

Robert Sproul, October 3d, 1765: Appeared, and informed the congress that since

At the desire of the speaker of the house of re. the above letter from the speaker of the house of presentatives as aforesaid, and at the earnest request representatives of Msssachusetts Bay, the general of many of our constituents, to consider of some assembly of New-York have not had an opportuni. a petition to his majesty, that be would be graci.

method for bumbly, loyally and dutifully joining in ty of meeting, but that they confidently espect, lously pleased to recommend to the parliament of

Esqrs.

Esquires,

Esqrs.

Great Britain to redress our grievances by repealing Cæsar Rodney and Thomas M'Kean, esqr. ap several of the late acts of parliament affecting the speared from the government of the counties of des northern colonies, particularly that called the stamp Castle, Kent and Sussex, upon Delaware, and inact.

Robert Ogden, esq. Hendrick Fisher, esq. and formed this congress, that the representatives of Joseph Borden, esq. were directed to attend at the the said government could not meet in general as. congress now met at New-York, and join the mea sures there to be concluded, for the purposes afore. sembly after the above letter was wrote, and before said, and to make report of their proceedings there the first day of this instant: that the said assembly in, at the next meeting of the general assembly.

consists only of eighteen members, fifteen of whom Signed by order, JOHN LAWRENCE.

have appointed the other three to attend here, &c. From the province of Joan DICKINSON,

by three several instruments of writing, wbich are Pennsylvania, GEORGE BRYAN,

in the words following, to wit: Who produced the following appointment in gene.

To all thom these presents may come: ral assembly, September 11th, 1765, A. M.

KNOW YE, That we, the subscribers, five of

the representatives of the freemen of the govern. The house resumed the consideration of their re. solution of yesterday, to appoint a committee of ment of the counties of New.Castle, Kent and Susthree or more of their members, to attend the gepressive taxes imposed upon the good people of

sex, upon Delaware, sensible of the weighty and opneral congress of committees from the several as: this government by divers late acts of parliament, semblies on this continent, to be held at New-York and of the great infringement of the liberties and on the first of October next, and, after some time

just established rights of all his majesty's colonies spent therein, Resolved, That Mr. Speaker, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. in England; and being of opinion that the method

on this continent, occasioned by the late measures Bryan and Mr. Morton be, and they are, hereby, proposed by the honorable house of assembly of the nominated and appointed to that service. A true extract from the journals,

province of Massachusetts.bay is the most likely to

obtain a redress of these grievances; and, taking into CHARLES MOORE,

consideration the misfortune we, at present, labor

Clerk of the assembly, under, in not having it in our power to convene, ss Extract from the journals of the house of represen. a house, and, in a regular manner, to appoint a comtatives for the province of Pennsylvania:

mittee: yet, zealous for the happiness of our con. Wednesday, September 11th, 1765, A. M.-The stituents, think it our duty, in this way, to serve committee appointed to prepare instructions for the them as much as in us lies, (assured of the hearty deputies nominated by this bouse to attend the pro. approbation of any future house of assembly of this posed congress at New York on the first of next government); and, therefore, do hereby nominate month, reported an essay for that purpose, which and appoint Jacob Kollock, Thomas M'Bean and they presented to the chair; and the same being Cæsar Rodney, esqrs. three of the representatives read and agreed to by the house, follows in these of the same government, a committee, to repair to words, viz:

the city of New York on the first day in October Instructions to the committee appointed to meet the neat, and there to join with the committees sent by committees of the other British continental colonies, to his majesty, and remonstrance to the bonorable

the other provinces, in one united and loyal petition at New-York: It is desired by the house that you shall, with the aforesaid acts of parliament, therein dutifully, yet

house of commons of Great Britain, against the committees that have been appointed by the several most firmly, asserting the colonies' right of exclu. British colonies on this continent to meet at New. sion from parliamentary taxation; and praying that York, consult together on the present circumstances they may not, in any instance, be stripped of the of the colonies, and the difficulties they are and ancient and most valuable privilege of a trial by must be reduced to, by the late acts of parliament their peers, and most humbly imploring relief. for the levying duties and taxes upon these colonies;

In testimony whereof, we have hereunto set our and join with the said committees in loyal and duti.

bands, at New Castle, the twenty-first day of ful addresses to the king and to the two houses of

September, Anno que Domini, 1765. parliament, humbly representing the condition of

EVAN RICE, these colonies, and imploring relief, by a repeal of

THOMAS COOK, the said acts; and you are strictly required to take

WILLIAM ARMSTRONG, care thatsuch addresses in which you join, are drawn

GEORGE MONROE, up in the most decent and respectful terms; so also

JOHN EVANS. avoid every expression that can give the least of. fence to his majesty or to either house of parlia- Kent county, to wil:

Ws, whose names are here underwritten, men ment. You are also directed to make report of your pro- the counties of New Castle, Kent and Susses, upon

bers of the general assembly of the government of ceedings herein to the succeeding assembly. A true extract from the journals,

Delaware, for the said county of Kent, though senCHARLES MOORE,

sible of the impropriety of assuming the functions Clerk of the assembly. of asserablymen during the recess of our bouse, yet, September 26th, 1765.

zealous to concur in any measure which may be

productive of advantage to this government and the From the government of the counties of

other British colonies on the continent of America New Castle, Kent and S CESAR RODNEY,

in general, have appointed, and, as much as in us Susser, on Delaware, { Thomas M'KEAY,

lics, do appoint, Jacob Kollock, esq. Cæsar Rodney,

esq. and Thomas M‘Kean, esq. members of said as Whose appointment are as follow, viz:

sembly, to be a committee to meet with the other

Esqs

Esqrs.

committees already appointed, or to be appointed, restraints lately laid on their trade and commerce, by the several and respective assemblies of said and especially from the taxes imposed by an act of oiler colonies, at the city of New York, on the first the last session of parliament granting and apply. Tuesday in October next, in conjunction with the ing certain stamp duties and other duties in the Bri. other committees, to consider of the present dis tish colonies and plantations in America, whereby tressful circumstances of the said colonies, occa- they are deprived, in some instances, of that invalu. sioned, in some measure, (as we apprehend), by se. able privilege of Englisbmen and British subjectsveral late acts of parliament, and to join with them trials by juries, that you take care that such repre. in an humble address to his most gracious majesty, sentation shall bumbly and decently, but expressly, and the parliame .t of Great Britain, for the redress contain and assertion of the rights of the colonies of our grievances, or in any other expedient that to be exempt from all and every taxations and imshall be agreed on, by the said committees, which positions upon their persons and properties to which may tend to promote the utility and welfare of the they do not consent in a legislative way, either by Britisb dominions in America.

themselves or by their representatives, by them JOHN VINING,

freely chosen and appointed.
JOHN CATON,

Signed by order of the house,
JOHN BARNS,

ROBERT LLOYD, Speaker.
WILLIAM KILLEN,

VINCENT LOCKERMAN. From the province of THOMAŞ LYNCH,
September 13th, 1765.

CHRIST'H GADSDEX,
South Carolina,

Joan RUTLEDGE,
Susser county, to wit:

Who produced the following appointment: We, whose names are here underwritten, mem. bers of the general assembly of the government of

Thursday, 25th July, 1765.-- The house, (accord. the counties of New-Castle, Kent and Sussex, upon ing to order), took into consideration the letier from Delaware, for the said county of Sussex, though sen- the speaker of the house representatives of the sible of the impropriety of assuming the functions of Massacusetts-hay, laid before thein on Friday last of assemblymen during the recess of our house, yet, -and, debate arising thereon, and some time spent zealous to concur in any measure which may be therein, Ordered, that the said letter be referred to productive of advantage to this government and the a committee of the following gentlemen, viz: capt. other colonies on the continent of America in gene. Gadsden, Mr. Wright, Mr. Gaillard, Mr. Wrage, ral, have appointed, and, as much as in us lies, do Mr. Parsons, Mr. Pinckney, colonel Lawrence, Mr. appoint Jacob Kollock, esq. Cæsar Rodney, esq and Rutledge, Mr. Manigault and Mr. Drayton. Thomas M'Kean, esq. members of the said assem- Friday, 26th July. 1765.-Captain Gadsden re. bly, to be a committee to meet with the other com- ported, from the committee appointed to consider miliees already appointed, or to be appointed, by of the letter sent from the speaker of the house of the several and respective assemblies of the said representatives of the province of Massachusetts. other colonies, at the city of New York, on the first bay to the speaker of this house, and to report their Tuesday in October nexi, in conjunction with the opinion thereupon of the expediency and utility of said other committees, to consider of the present the measures therein prop: sed, and the best means distressful circumstances of the said colonies, occa of effecting the relief therein mentioned: sioned, in some measure, (as we apprehend), by se. That they are of opinion the measure therein pro. veral late acts of parliament; and to join with them posed is prudent and necessary, and therefore re. in an humble address to his most gracious majesty commend to the house to send a committee to meet and the parliament of Great Britain for redress of the committees from the horses of representatives our grievances; or on any other expedient, that shall or burgesses of the several British colonies on the be agreed on by the said committees, which may continent, at New York, on the first Tuesday in Oc. tend to promote the utility and welfare of the Bri. tober next. tish dominions in America.

Tbat the said committee be ordered to consult DAVID HALL, there, with those other committees, on the present BENI'N. BURTON, circumstances of the colonies, and the difficulties LEVIN CRAPPER, which they are and must be reduced to, by the opeTHO'S ROBINSON, ration of the acts of parliament for levying duties and

JACOB KOLLOCK, jun. takes on the colonies; and to consider of a general September 17th, 1765.

and united, loyal and humble representation of their

condition to his majesty anl the parliment, and to From the province of William Mondock,

implore relief; that the result of heir consultation EDWARD 'TILGUMAN, Maryland,

shall, at their return, be immediately laid before Taomas RINGGOL),

the house, to be confirmed or noi, as tire house shall Instructions from the honorable the lower house of as. think proper. sembly of the province of Maryland:

And the said report being delivered in at tlie To William Murdock, Edward Tilgliman and Thos. clerk's table and read a second time, the question

Ringgold, esqrs. a committee appointed to join was severally put, that the house do agree to the the several comunittees from the several colonies first, second and third paragraphs of this report? in America, at New York:

It was resolved in the affirmative. Gentlemen-You are to repair immediately to Friday 20 Augusl, 1765.- Motion being made,re. the city of New York, in the province of New York, solved, that this bouse will provide a sum sufficient and there join with the committees from the houses to defray the charges and expences of a committee of representatives of the other colonies, in a gene- of three gentlemen on account of their going to, ral and united, loyal and humble represetation to convening at, and returning from the meeting of his trajesty and the British parliament, of the cir- the several committees proposed to assemble at cumstances and condition of the British colonies and New York on the 1st Teusday in October next, to plantations, and to pray relief from the burthens and consult there with those other committees on the

present circumstances of the colonies, and the dif- nists, with the several inconveniences and hard. ficulties which they are and must be reduced to by ships to which they are and must be subjected by the operation of the acts of parliment for levying duties and taxes on the colonies, and to consider of the operation of several late acts of parliament, par. a general, united, dutiful, loyal and bumble repre. ticularly the act called the stamp act; and after sentation of their condition to his majesty and the parliament, and to implore relief.

some time spent therein, the same was postponed Erslered, That the public treasurer do advance for further consideration, out of any monies in his hands, to the said commit. Then the congress adjourned until to-merros tee, a sum not exceeding six hundred pounds sterling, for the purpose aforesaid.

morning, 9 o'clock. Resolved, That this house will reimburse the Wednesday, Oct. 9th, 1765, 1. M.-Then the treasurer the said sum. Ordered, That the following gentlemen be ap.

congress met according to adjournment. The cospointed a committee for the purpose aforesaid, viz: gress resumed the consideration of the rights and Mr. Thomas Lynch, Mr. Christop her Gadsden and privileges of the British American colonists, &c. Mr. John Rutledge.

the same was referred after sundry debates, for Thursday, 8th August, 1765.-- Ordered, That the said speaker inform Thomas Lynch, Christopher further consideration. Gadsden and John Rutledge, esquires, that they Then the congress adjourned until to-morrow are appointed a committee to meet the committees of the several other colonies on the continent, on the morning, 11 o'clock. first Tuesday in October next, at New-York; and

Thursday, Oct. 10th, 1765, A.M.-Tben the can that he do acquaint them it is the desire of the gress met according to adjournment, and ressmed, house, that they repair to New York on the said first Tuesday in October next, for the purpose men

&c. as yesterday-and then adjourned to 10 o'clock, tioned in the report of the committee, as agreed to-morrow morning. to by this house on Fridny the 26th day of July Friday, Oct. 11th, 1765, A. M.—The congres last.

Ordered, That three copies of the proceedings of met according to adjournment, and resumed, &. as this house relative to the said matter, be made out yesterday—and then adjourned to 10 o'clock, toand signed by the speaker, and that he deliver one

morrow morning. of the said copies to each of the said gentlemen. RAW: LOWNDES, Speaker.

Saturday, Oct. 12th, 1765, A. M.-The congress Then the said committees proceeded to choose a

met according to adjournment, and resumed, &c. chairman by ballot; and TIMOTHY ROGOLES, esq. on

as yesterday and then adjourned to Monday more

ing next, 10 o'clock. sorting and counting the votes, appeared to have

Monday, Oct. 14th, 1765, A. M.-The congress a majority-and thereupon was placed in the chair.

met according to adjournment, and resumed, &c. Resolved, nem. con. That Mr. John Cotton be clerk

as on Saturday last--and then adjourned to to-morto this congress during the continuance thereof.

row morning, 9 o'clock. Then the congress took into consideration the

Tuesday, Oct. 15th, 1765, A. M-The congress several appointments of the committees from New.

met according to adjournment, and resumed, &c. Tork, New Jersy, and the government of the low.

as yesterday and then adjourned to to-morrow er counties on Delaware-and

morning, 9 o'clock. Revolved, nem. con. That the same are sufficient

Wednesday, Oct. 16th, 1765, A. M.—The costo qualify the gentlemen therein named, to sit in

gress met according to adjournment, and resumed, this congress.

&c. as yesterday—and then adjourned to to-morrow Resolved also, That the committee of each colo.

morning, 9 o'clock. ny, shall have one voice only, in determining any

Thursday, Oct. 171h, 1765, A. M-The congress questions that shall arise in the congress.

met according to adjournment, and resumed, &c Then the congress adjourned until to morrow

as yesterday—and then adjourned to to-morrot morning, 9 o'clock.

morning, 9 o'clock. Tuesday, Oct. 8th, 1765, A. M.-The congress

Friday, Oct. 18th, 1765, A. M-The congress according to adjournment. Upon motion, voted,

met according to adjournment, and resumed, &c. that the provinces bet is adjourned to. Voted,

as yesterday—and then adjou rned to-to-morrow that Mr. justice Livingston, Mr. McKean and Mr.

morning, 9 o'clock. Rutledge be a committee to inspect the proceed.

Saturday, Oct. 19th, 1765, A. M.-The congreso ings and minutes, and correct the same.

met according to adjournment, and resumed, kc. Then the congress took into consideration the

as yesterday; and upon mature deliberation, agreed rights and privileges of the British American colo.

to the following declarations of the rights and fThere appears to be some error bere.--[Ép. grievances of the colonists in America, which where Rze.

ordered to be inserted:

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The members of this congress, sincerely devot., with Great Britain, mutually affectionate and ad. ed, with the warmest sentiments of affection and vantageous. duty to his trajesty's person and government; in. 13th. That it is the right of the British subjects violably attached to the present happy establish- in these colonies, to petition the king or either house ment of the protestant succession, and with minds of parliament. deeply impressed by a sense of the present and Lastly, That it is the indispensable duty of these impending misfortunes of the British colonies on colonies to the best of sovereigns, to the mother this continent; having considered as maturely as country, and to themselves, to endeavor, by a loyal time would permit

, the circumstances of the said and dutiful address to his majesty, and humble apcolonies, esteem it our indispensable duty to make plication to both houses of parliament, to procure the following declarations, of our humble opinion, the repeal of the act for granting and applying respecting the most essential rights and liberties certain stamp duties, of all clauses of any other acts of the colonists, and of the grievances under which of parliament, whereby the jurisdiction of the adthey labor, by reason of several late acts of parlia- miralty is extended as aforesaid, and of the other ment.

late acts for the restrictioa of the American com1st. That his majesty's subjects in these colonies, merce. owe the same allegiance to the crown of Great Britain, that is owing from his subjects born within the

Upon motion, voted, that Robert R. Livingston, realm, and all due subordination to that august bo. William Samuel Johnson and William Murdock, dy, the parliament of Great Britain.

Esqrs. be a committee to prepare an address to his 2d. That his majesty's liege subjects in these co. lonies are entitled to all the inherent rights and pri- majesty, and lay the same before the congress on vileges of his natural born subjects within the king. Monday next. dom of Great Britain.

Voted also, that John Rutledge, Edward Tilghe 3d. Thatit is inseparably essential to the freedom ofa people,and the undoubted rights of Englishmen,

man and Philip Livingston, Esqrs. be a committee that no taxes should be imposed on them, but with to prepare a memorial and petition to the lords in their own consent, given personally, or by their re-parliament, and lay the same before the congress on presentatives. 4th. That the people of these colonies are not, and

Monday next. from their local circumstances,cannot be, represent. Voted also, that Thomas Lynch, James Otis and ed in the house of commons in Great Britain. Thomas McKean, Esqrs. be a committee to prepare • 5th. That the only representatives of the people a petition to the house of commons of Great Britain, of these colonies, are persons chosen therein, by and lay the same before the congress on Monday themselves; and that no taxes ever have been, or can be constitutionally imposed on them, but by next. their respective legislatures.

Then the congress adjourned to Monday next, at 6th. That all supplies to the crown, being free gifts of the people, it is unreasonable and inconsis- 12 o'clock. tent with the principles and spirit of the British con.

Monday, Oct. 2181, 1765, A. ll.--The committee stitution, for the people of Great Britain to grant to his majesty the property of the colonists. appointed to prepare and bring in an address to his

7th. That trial by jury is the inherent and inval. majesty, did report, that they have essayed a draught uable right of every British subject in these colo. for that purpose, which they laid on the table, and mies.

8th. That the late act of parliament, entilled, an bumbly submitted to the correction of the congress. act for granting and applying certain stamp duties,

The said address was read, and, after sundry and other duties in the British colonies and plan- amendments, the same was approved of by the coritations in America, &c. by imposing taxes on the inhabitants of these, colonies, and thesaid act, and gress, and ordered to be engrossed. several other acts, by extending the jurisdiction of The committee, appointed to prepare and bring in the courts of admiralty beyond its ancient limits, a memorial and petition to the lords in parliament have a manifest tendency to subvert the rights and liberties of the colonists.

did report that they had essayed a draught for that 9th. That the duties imposed by several late acts purpose, which they laid on the table, and humbly of parliament, from the peculiar circumstances of submitted to the correction of the congress. these colonies, will be extremely burthensome and grevivus, and from the scarcity of specie, the pay.

The said address was read, and after sandry ment of them absolutely impracticable.

amendments, the same was approved of by the con. 10ih. That as, the profits of the trade of these co-gress, and ordered to be engrossed. lonies ultimately centre in Great Britain, to pay for

The committee appointed to prepare and bring in the manufactures which they are obliged to take from thence, they eventually contribute very large- a petition to the house of commons of Great Britain, ly to all supplies granted there to the crown. did report that they had essayed a draugt for that

11th. That the restrictions imposed by several late acts of parliament, on the trade of these colonies, purpose, which they laid on the table, and humbly will render them unable to purchase the manufac-submitted to the correction of the congress. tures of Great Britain.

The said address was read, and after sundry 12th. That the increase, prosperity and happiness of these colonies, depend on the full and free enjoy. amendments, the same was approved of by the con. ment of their rights and liberties and an intercourse, Igress and ordered to be engrosse...

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