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1775-Nov. 7.-Dunmore's proclamation. colony to a proper sease of their duty to his majes. Is NORFOLK and the adjacent country, Dunmore ty's crown and dignity. I do further order and recounted on numerous adherents. The rash advice, quire all his majesty's liege subjects, to retain their together with his own impetuous, haughty and quitrents or other taxes due, or that may become revengeful temper, early impelled him to a mea due in their own custody, till such a time as peace Jure characterized by folly, and fraught with incal. may again be restored to this at present most un. culable mischief, not only to the people of Virgi. happy country, or demanded of them for their nie, but to his own cause.

Under date of Nov. former salutary purposes, by officers properly au. 7th, he issued the following proclamation, the style thorised to receive the same. of which strongly indicates the agitation of a pero “Given under my hand, on board the ship Wil. turbed mind, whilst its substance betrays a blind, liam, off Norfolk, the 7th day of November, in the impolitic, ruinous inflexibility, and, what is still 16th year of his majesty's reign. “DUNMORE. worse, 2 savage and wanton disregard for the fun.

“God save the KING." damental principles upon which the social fabric

TICORDEROGA. The following is not a revolu. essentially rests, and for those rules of civilization,

tionary document, but an article that may well be which are usually respected, even in the phrenzy and calamitous intent of war.

preserved in this collection; and, being specially

requested, we insert it with pleasure. By his excellency, the right honorable Jonk, earl of

From the Hartford Times. The following state. Dunmore, his majesty's lieutenant and governor ge.

ment or return, exhibiting a minute and accurate neral of the colony of Virginia, und vice admiral of

account of the loss in killed and wounded sustained the same.

by the British and Ainerican forces under the com"As I have ever entertained hopes that an ac

mand of gen. Abercro nbie, in the memorable dis. commodation might have taken place between aster or defeat at Ticonderoga, July, 1758, was, Great Britain and this colony, without being com as it purports, made out soon after the battle, by pelled by my duty to this most disagreeable, but Judah Wondruff, who was a captain of the pro. now absolutely necessary duty, rendered so by a vincial forces, and belonging to Farmington, in body of men, unlawfully assembled, firing on his this county. The original document has been premajesty's tenders, and the formation of an army,

served in the family, as a precious memorial of and an army now on its march to attack his mijes. their ancestor, for sixty years, and was handed to ty's troops, and destroy the well disposed subjects us by his son. It is undoubtedly the most authen. of this colony. To defeat such treasonable pur.

tic and correct statement of that unfortunate affair, poses, and that all such traitors, and their abettors which exposed our frontiers to the murderous and may be brought to justice, and that the peace and cruel outrages of a savage foe, and filled the whole good order of this colony may be again restored, colonies with consternation and dismay, which at which the ordinary course of the civil law is una. this day is to be found; and in every point of view ble to effect, I have thought fit to issue this my

is worthy of preservation. We recommend its in. proclamation, hereby declaring that, until the sfore sertion to the editor of the Baltimore Weekly Re. said good purposes can be obtained, I do, in virtue gister, as that work is probably the most permanent of the power and authority to me given, by his ma

and valuable place in which it can be deposited. jesty, determine to execute martial law, and cause We have printed it verbatim, and preserved the the same to be executed throughout this colony; same orthography, to exhibit an idea of the proand to the end that peace and good order may the vincial dialect of that day. sooner be restored, I do require every person ca. The British regiments are distinguished nume.. pable of bearing arms to resort to his majesty's rically, and by their commanders. The 1st and 4th standard, or be looked upon as traitors to his ma. battalions called “royal Americans,” were troops jesty's crown and government, and thereby become enlisted in the colonies by British officers. The liable to the penalty the law inflicts upon such of. "Prouinsbals," or provincials, consisted of the mili. fences; such as forfeiture of life, confiscation of tia of the colonies, which were detached, or volands, &c. &c. And I do bereby further declare lunteered for the service. It will be seen that, with all indented servants, negroes, or others (apper. the exception of lord Murray's regiment, which taining to rebels) free, that are able and willing to was nearly cut to pieces, the loss of the provincials bear

arms, they joining his majesty's troops as soon was as great as that of any one regiment. They u may be for the more speedily reducing this must therefore have been actively engaged.

Sum Total

Bital. Broad Street,
Light Infantry,
4th Batal, roy'l Americans,
1st Batal, roy'l Americans,
551h, Lord How's,
46th, Gen. Murray's,
445h, Gen. Abercrombie's,
42d, Lord Murray's,
27 h, Lord Blakeney's







A return of the killed, 'wöunded and missing of his THE PROSCHIBED. From the Boston Gazette, 1774, majesty's forces at Carelong or Ticonderogà, July 8th, The following is an authentic copy of a letter which 1758.

was lately thrown into the camp, with the follow-
ing direction:
"To the officers and soldiers of his majesty's troops in

"It being more than probable that the king's
standard will soon be erected, from rebellion break-
ing out in this province, it is proper that you, sol.
diers! should be acquainted with the authors there-
of, and of all the misfortunes brought upon the pro-
vince; the following is a list of them, viz:
Samuel Adams

Jobn Hancock
James Bowdoin

William Cooper
Dr. Thomas Young Dr. Chauncey

Dr. Cooper
Dr. Benjamin Church

s[edəua8|Capl. John Bradford Thomas Cushing
PBS!18 Josiah Quincey

Joseph Grenleaf

Maj. Natb'l. Barber and William Denning.

Wm. Mollineux pall?Y

spauolo “The friends of your king and country and of rapunom

America, hope and expect it from you, soldiers, pən!X

the instant rebellion happens, you will put the above "SJəlew persons immediately to the stoord, destroy their рәрипом

bouses, and plunder their effects: it is just that

they should be the first victims to the mischief pan17 sutende they have brought upon us.

(SIGNED) papuno M

A friend to Great Britain and America.

“P. S. Don't forget those trumpeters of sedi. Pandy tion, the printers, Edes & Gill and Thomas."

'S,Iha! Aivan papunom


Messrs. Ballard & Wright: 'suSisua The enclosed letter, from the venerable and papunom

patriotic major Hawley* has 'never been in print. p=11!X

Its publication at this time would not perhaps be 8,12pv irrelevant, and would certainly gratify some of papunom

your country friends. It was written soon after

the adoption of the present constitution, and shews pan?X

6J180W his opinion of that instrument. It is needless to

Jənjeno add, that we here think every thing from the pen рәрипом

of that great man deserving of record. PON!X


To the hon. the senate of Massachusetts. man w papunom

May it please your honors: The intelligence ng panty


given me by the writ of summons, under the band

pue quer of the president of the council, that I am chosen ! ទីនទីន | Popunzo A

a senator by a majority of the voters of the coun. లుసం Suse!

ty of Hampshire, affords me a singular pleasure,

on two accounts: The one is, that an election to The number killed, 515 men.

that high trust, by a majority of the unsolicited

The number wounded, 1269. The number missing 39 --Sure suffrages of the voters of the county, is a genuine total -1823. - This drawn out by me, Judub Wood. proof of the good opinion of the people of my ruff, August ye 15: 1758--Att lake Georges." * The author of the “Broken Hints,” page 324.









19 | 59


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dear county; the other is, the fair oocasion tba, my understanding. 'I, is in absurdity; for noth. it gives me to bear free and public testimony ing bas two beginnings. I am sure,' said be, I against one part of our glorious constitution: , 1 am a minister of Christ, and I am ready to debate style it glorious, although I bumbly conceive it that matter with your lordship, if you , please: I bas several great blemishes, on account whereof cannot begin again to be a minister.” it will, until corrected, be liable, in my poor opi.

Besides, this term of executing the duties of nion, to very weighty, exception; but still it re.

the place is against common right, and as I may mains glorious on account of the great quantity/-ay, the natural franchise of every member of the of excellent matter contained in it. That part of

commonwealth who has not by some crime or the constitution this event enables me not im. delictum forfeited his natural rights and franchises. pertinently to except to, is the condition or term it, moreover, reduces the ninth article of the which the constitution holds every one to, who declaration of rights to a mere futility, and, in has the honor to be elected a member of the ge such a connection, it would be for the reputation neral court of Massachusetts, before he may (as of the declaration of rights if that same ninth is expressed in the constitution) proceed to execute article was wholly expunged. More than that, the duties of his place.

the said condition is plainly repugnant to the first Be the person ever so immaculate and exem- great article of the said declaration: and I am plary a Christian; although he has, in the proper

ready to debate that matter with Doctor who place, that is, in the Christian church, made a assisted in framing the constitution, either in conmost solemn, explicit, and public profession of vention or without doors. The said declaration the Christian faith; though he has an hundred of faith to be subscribed, which constitutes the times, and continues perhaps every month in the said impolitic and unrighteous condition, will, I year, by participating in the church of the body believe, ever sound in every good ear almost as and blood of Christ, practically recognized and uncouthly as the Sessions Justices' famous charge affirmed the sincerity of that profession; yet, by to the standing grand jury. Let us hear them the constitution, he is held, before he may be ad. successively: mitted to execute the duties of bis office, to make "I do declare, that I believe the Christian re. and subscribe a profession of the Christian faith, ligion, and bave a firm persuasion of its truth; and or declaration that he is a Christian. Did our fa that I am seized and possessed in my own right of ther confessors imagine, that a man who had not the property required by the constitution,” &c. 30 much fear of God in his heart as to restrain him from acting dishonestly and knavishly in the

“Gentlemen of the grand jury: You are required trust of a senator or representative, would hesitate by your oath to see to it, that the several towns in a moment to subscribe that declaration? Cui bono, the county be provided, according to law, with then, is the declaration? This extraordinary, not

Pounds and School-masters, to say absurd, condition, brings fresh to mind a Whipping posts and ministers," passage in the life of the pious, learned, and

Each containing an odd jumble of sacred and prudent Mr. John Howe, one of the strongest profane; but, to me, the charge jingles best. By pillars of the dissenting interest in the reign of the constitution of the commonwealth of MassaCharles the 2d and James the 2d. The history is chusetts, I am, may it please your honors, one of as follows:

its senators; and am strongly disposed, accord. “That Mr. Howe, waiting upon a certain bishop,

ing to my poor abilities, to execute the duties of bis lordship presently fell to expostulating with my office; but, by the unconscionable, not to say him about bis non-conformity. Mr. Howe told

dishonorable terms, established by the same con. him he could not have time, without greatly

stitution, I am barred from endeavoring to per.

form these duties. I have been a professed Chris. trespassing on his patience, to go through the objections he had to make to the terms of con.

tian nearly forty years, and, although I have been formity. The bishop pressed him to name any

guilty of many things unworthy of that character, one that he reckoned to be of weight. He there.

whereof I am ashamed, yet I am not conscious that upon instanced the point of re ordination. «Why with the truth of that profession.

I have been guilty of any thing wholly inconsistent pray sir,' said the bishop. 'what hurt is there in being twice ordained?' ' 'Hurt, my lord, says Mr. The laws under the first charter required of Howe to him; the thought is shocking—it hursa'the subjects of that state, in order to their enjoy.

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4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 4 3

55 60 40 60 60 55 45 55 35 45 50 55

ing swe riviegés, that they should be meau.

BiG. bers in full communion of some Christian church. Brigs' Nunes. Guns But, it never was before required, in the Massa


16 chusetts Bay, that a subject, in order to his en. Montgomery

14 joying or exercising any franchise or office, should Sturdy. Beggar

14 Captain

10 make profession of the Christian religion before a

New Adventure

14 temporal court,

Ac ive


8 May it please your honors: We have all heard


14 of a lieut. governor of the Massachusetts-Bay, and Swift


14 some of us have known bim very well, who contend. Blood-Hound


10 ed long and earnestly that he had a right to a seat


14 in council with a voice.


14 Chace

10 I imagine I can maintain a better argument than Lion he did, that I have a right to a seat in the senate Speedwell

14 of Massachusetts without a voice; but, at present,

206 I shall not attempt to take it. I am, may it please your honors, with the greatest

Schinners' Names.
respect to the senate, your most obedient bumble



8 October 28, 1780.


6 Pine Apple

6 Languedoc


6 The following list of PRIVATEERS, fitted out and Dolphin

chiefly owned in Salem and Beverly, from March Panther 1, to Nov. 1, 1781, was fuund among the papers

8 chooners of the late Mr. James Jeffry, whose accuracy was

50 well known to those by whom he is remembered. At that period, privateering was the principal

Sloops' Numes. Guns. business of the town Salem Gazette. Fish.Hawk

8 Hazard


16 brigs



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Royal Louis
Grand Turk
Rat:le Snake
Junius Brutus
Nep: une

18 20 18 20 20 20 18 20 24 20 20 16 16 16 18 20 20 20 16 22 18 18 16

9 16. 120



Guns. Ven. 6 100 6 110 Ships

26 476 2645 6 110 Brigs

16 206 | 870 9 130 Schooners


50 235 6 100 Sloops

2 9 130 Shallops, men only

120 6

4 95

746 1940


AUGUST 19, 1783. 4 75

Weighed at the scales as West Point. 6 100 General Washington,

209 lbn 6 110 General Lincoln,

224 6 110 General Knox,

95 General Huntington,

General Greaton,

Colonel Swift,

120 Colonel Michael Jackson,

9 120
Colonel Henry Jackson,

95 Lieutenant Colonel Huntington, 232
Lieutenant Colonel Cobb,


Lieutenant Colonel Humphreys, 221

The above memorandum was found in the pucket. book of a deceased officer of the Massachusetts

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Anecdote.-General Marion was a native of South effect, and then wheeling his horse, and hidding Carolina, and the immediate theatre of his exploits them good morning, departed. The dragoons, as. was a large section of maritime district of that tonished at what they bac witnessed, and scarcely state. The peculiar hardihood of bis constitution, believing their foe to be mortel, gave up the chase. and his being adapted to a warm climate, and a low marshy country, qualified him to endure hard.

In congress, March 16, 1776. ships and submit to exposure, wbich, in that sickly “The congress, considering the warlike prepara. region, few other men would have been competent tions of the British ministry to subvert our into siistain. With the small force he was enabled valuable rights and privileges, and to reduce us, to embody, he was continually annoying the ene- by fire and sword, by the savages of the wilderness my, cautious never to risk an engagement, till he and our own domestics, to the most abject and could make victory certain.

General Marion's ignominious bondage; desirous, at the same time, person was uncommonly light, and he rode, when to have people of all ranks and degrees duly im. in service, one of the feetest and most powerful pressed with a solemn sense of God's superintend. chargers the South could produce:-when in fair ing Providence, and of their duty, devoutly to rely pursuit nothing could escape, and when retreat. in all their lawful enterprizes on bis aid and direc. ing nothing could overtake hịm. Being once tion, do earnestly recommend that Friday, the 17th nearly surrounded by a party of British dragoons, day of May next, be observed by the said colonien be was compelled, for safety, to pass into a corn. as a day of huniliation, fasting and prayer; that we field, by leaping the fence this field, marked with may with united bearts, confess and bewail our considerable descent of surface, had been in part manifold sins and transgressions, and by a sincere a marsh; Marion entered it at the upper side, the repentance and amendment of life, appease bis dragoons in chace, leaped the fence also, and righteous displeasure, and, through the merits and were but a short distance behind him. So com- mediation of Jesus Christ, obtain his pardon and * pletely was be now in their power, that bis only forgiveness, bumbly imploring his assistance to mode of escape was to pass over the fence at the frustrate the cruel purposes of our unnatural ene. lower side. To drain the field of its superfluous mies; and by inclining their hearts to justice and water, a trench had been cut around this part of benevolence, prevent the further effusion of kindred the field, four feet wide, and of the same depth; blood. But, if continuing deaf to the voice of reaof the mud and clay removed in cutting it, a bank son and humanity, and inflexibly bent on desolation had been formed on its inner side, and on the top and war, they constrain us to repel their hostile of this was erected the fence, the elevation amount- invasions by open resistance, that it may please ing to nearly eight feet perpendicular height, the Lord of Hosts, the God of armies, to animate ditch four feet in width running parallel with it our officers and soldiers with invincible fortitude, on the outer side, a foot or more intervening, be. to guard and protect them in the day of battle, tween the fence and ditch.

and to crown the continental arms by sea and land,

with victory and success: Earnestly beseeching The dragoons, acquainted with the nature and him to bless our civil rulers, and the representaextent of this obstacle, and considering it im. tives of the people in their several assemblies and possible for their enemy to pass it, pushed towards conventions; to preserve and strengthen their him with loud shouts of exultation and insult, and union; to inspire them with an ardent disinterested summoning bim to surrender or perish by the love of their country; to give wisdom and stability sword; regardless of their rudeness and empty to their councils; and direct them to the most clamour, and inflexibly determined not to become efficacious measures for establishing the rights of their prisoner, Marion spurred his horse to the America on the most honorable and permanent charge, the noble animal, as if conscious that his basis; that he would be graciously pleased to bless master's life was in danger, and that on his exer. all the people in these colonies with health and tions depended his safety, approached the barrier plenty; and grant that a spirit of incorruptible in his finest style, and with a bound that was patriotism, and of pure undefiled religion, may almost supernatural, cleared the fence and ditch universally prevail: and this continent be spezdily completely, and recovered himself without loss restored to the blessings of peace and liberty, and of time on the opposite side-Marion instantly enabled to transmit them inviolate to the latest wheeled about and saw his pursuers unable to pass posterity. And it is recommended to Christians the ditch, discharged his pistol at them without of all denominations, to assemble for public wor's

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