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have a hand in these affairs, and dare not join to Mr. H. then took his leave, and the commit. fight against him; neither do any thing to encourage tee for this county unanimously resolved, that the others. Second reason is, I am now going in my tea should be kept in store, until the above state fifty-sixih year, and am very fat and not fit for ac of the case was communicated to the committee tion. Third reason is, I have a giddiness in my of inspection for the city of Philadelphia, and that head, that is so bad on me at times, that I have said committee be requested to enquire into the dropt in the road as though I was shot with a bullet matter, and detect the remainder of the said chest The fourth reason, why, about two years ago I had of tea, if unduly imported; and if otherwise, that the flux for seven months very bad, and now, to this by a speedy answer they will enable the commit. day, when I overheat myself, I catch cold, and ittee to return an innocent man's property. returns upon me again, and will many times lay me Sigued by order of the committee. up for seven or eight days together; so I think that these reasons with !he first and principal one, would
TORIES IN SUSSEX. be enough for any reasonable men, which I take
all to be, to have me excused. But if you are To Dr. James Tilion. not satisfied with these reasons, I am ready and
Sir--This informs you, that an indictment was willing to come on the least notice, only please to found by the grand jury of Sussex county, against let me know by a line or two, and I will wait on you a number of zealous friends to their country, for, as any time whenever you will please to call on me at
is said, insulting a certain J. C. The particulars any other time-I should have come to day, only I
are as follows: J. C. some time in the month of was engaged another way before I heard of the ad. september, came to Lewis, and in an open, profane vertisement, for I never saw it.
manner, cursed the honorable continental congress, This from your friend and well wisher to you all, and all those that would not curse it; calling upon and all your honest undertakings; and may the the sapreme Being in a most solemn manner to d—11 Go:l of peace instruct you all and give you grace, the congress, and all that would not d-d it; that is tbe sincere prayer of me.
d-d set would ruin the country. For which ex.
pressions and such like, it was thought proper he Dover, January 26th, 1775. should be had up before the committee of inspecGentlemen- At a meeting of the committee of tion, as guilty of treason against the liberties of inspection for Kent county, on Delaware, (on 26th America, and also the congress; for the congress inst.) information was given, by a member of the acting suitable to the power delegated, that body committee, of two barrels of tea, containing 226lb. ought to be esteemed as king, and therefore what. which he had discovered on board J. H's. sloop, at a ever is said against that body should be deemed landing place in said county; that he had been treason. C. being bad up before the committee, obliged to put the tea into his own store, to secure and the facts before mentioned sufficiently proved, it from the populace, as there was great reason to one of the audience said “it sounded like a death believe it had been unduly imported, since the 1st warrant.” C. in an insulting, swearing-way, said, of December last, in a brig late from Jamaica, be. "put it in execution.” However, upon mature con. longing 10 J. II. who is now in this county, and sideration of the committee, some of which was confesses himself to be the owner of the tea. no better than C a sort of recantation was drawn
up and signed by C. but by no means satisfactory to Mr. H. being called upon by the committee, ac the people. Upon which, some concluded we should knowledged the tea to be his property, and said it proceed in the new mode of making converts, by was a part of a large chest he had bought of Duf-| bestowing upon C. a coat of tar and feathers; but field and Hepburn, wt. 3.0.23, Tare 701b. of which after some hesitation, and much persuasion, were he produced a bill dated January 11th, 1775. He prevented from using any violent measures, unless declared he believed the tea to be duly imported, beating the drum a few rods, and two boys throw; and had taken the above parcel which the coming an egg a piece unknown to the men—which, as mittee had taken into custody, out of the chest, soon as they were observed, was immediately and packed it in barrels, for no other reason than stopped. No threatening or abusive language was because it was more conveniently hoisted in and made use of to intimidate or affright him. This is out of the vessel; but gave no reason for the immo as near the state of the matter as I can recollectderate quantity, though very unfit for the place this they bave made a riot of, and J. M. esquire, as where he alleged it was to be sold,
king's attorney, has acted in this matter.
Now, if such offenders as C. are permitted to intestine enemies as foreign foes? But by what la bring us under the cognizance of the civil law,- of the land can we do it?--hy none, and therefore we all the friends to liberty here in Sussex, may as well appeal to the law of nature. By this law the re. give up as contend any longer; for, we are too weak preseniatives of a people in committee, publish an to oppose ministerial tools.
enemy and make him infamous forever; and hy this This from your's, to serve,
law, the people at large tar and feather tories and SAMUEL M’MASTERS. iraitors The sole object of natural law is justice; Lewes, November 14th, 1775.
and agreable to it, in Vr. C's case, the only qu23- "
tion should be, has his punishment been more than Dr. Tilton's replyu
a lequate to his crimes? If he has discovered hin, Sir-Your's of the 14th inst. came safe to hand. self unfriendly to his country, and especially to I am not a litile surprised at the contents of it. America; his light escape could be owing to nothi. have heard a great deal of Sussex toryism, but ima ing but great partiality or uncommon humanity in gined, if you had really such among you, they woul. his countrymen. And as to those men, who would have acted more ingeniously than by playing off now take advantage of the civil law, against those the civil law, as an engine against the sons of liber. who were the instrumenis of justice on C. in behalt ty. The recent success of Mr. H. I should have of their country, I take it for granted they have a thought, would have taught them better. Your plentiful stock of ignorance or an uncommon share grand jury must certainly have been infatuated of boldness and wickedness; and I wilt venture with very undue prejudices, or they never could to add, that were they in any part of the United have countenanced such an indictment as you men Colonies, besides Sussex, they would in the one tion.
case meet with proper instruction, and in the other
suitable correction. I wish I was able to give you such advice as would be profitable to your deluded countrymen; Letter from Dr. T. to J. IV. on the same subjeci. but when I consider that I am:writing to a man
Dover, 26th November, 1775. younger than myself, and who has perhaps as little
Dear brother. It is not common for me to trou. influence in Sussex as I have in Kent, I conceive 1 ble you with political letters. Mrs. M. however, cannot testify my esteem, for a lover of liberty, bet- informs me of a late transaction, in Lewes, in which ter, than by communicating my sentiments, on our I think you so nearly interested, that I am conpresent troubles, in as short and plain a manner as strained to communicate a few thoughts of mine on I can.
the subject; not fro:n a vain priile of differing in Ulay it down as a maxim, that the claim of Eng opinion with my elder brother, but from a sincere land on America "to tas her in all cases whatsoe. wish that you may improve any hints of mine that ver," is affrontive to common sense, no: to be tole.
are right, to your own advantage and the public rated, but spurned at by freemen, and to be resist. good. I am told you sat with a number of others ed 10 the last extremity whenever attempted to be and advised among the rest, that some young men put in execution. It is found equally true, by our should be indicted for mobbing J. C. a noted ene. experience, that the civil or municipal laws of the
my to his country; that you being the first who provinces, are not sufficient to defend us against left the room, was as good as mobbed yourself, by the unjust and cruel means used to bring is under the inhabitants of Lewes, who resented such treatunjust and arbitrary taxation. What resource then ment from their magistrates. This being a true had America left her? Wby-she appealed in the state of the case, I am obliged to think you have law of nature, which having a like respect to all, if been gilty of an error. I know you wish well founded only in justice and truth. In doing this, to your country, but men of the best designs may however, the Americans have not violated the con sometimes be wrong in the means of accomplishstitution of England (as their enemies have sug. ing them. You cannot be ignorant that the law of gested,) for that being founded in liberty cannot the land is insufficient to protect us against the be repugnant to the eternal and immutable laws of violence of Great Britain, and that therefore Ame. truth and justice. By the law of nature then, and rica has long since rec'rred 10 the law of nature, the constitution of England, we are perfectly right by virtue of wich sie hall strengthened her hands in defending our rights and liberties. The law of -As we have no law of the land by which we can nature is above all others, and constantly governs punish tories and trailors, the natural law of neoz in the last exigency of affairs. In our present cessity takes place.- Natural law has justice alone struggle is it not equally necessary to guard against for its object, and in dr. C's case, the sole ques.
tion ought to be, has he received more than he de bittee of inspection for this county, your letter served? I am sure you will say he deserved tevherein you confess yourself to be the author of times as much. Why then would you take advan. fine Kentish le ter (co nmly so called) published tage of the civil law in his behalf? If you should 31 No. of Punphreys' Lejger. ansver in the language of the most unfriendly to this country, "least the civil authority should be
The committee took the same into consideratian, brought inco contempt," a monent's reflection will in 1 have unani'n ysly resolved that it is unsatis. shew you the absirility of such reasoning. Can faclory, and you are requested to attend the con. the dignity of civil authority be supported by act
mittee at their next meeting on Tuesday the gih ing in concert with villians? and would you wish inst, at French Battell's, in Dɔver, and render such to be accounted the avenger of justice? But I need satisfaction to the committee, as will enable them not enlarge, as no instance can be adduced where to clear the good people of this county from the as. the Americans have pu'rished an innocent person pertions of that letter, and justify them in the eyes for crimes like C's - Mr. H's fate will serve to shew of the public. you the sens of the Philadelphians, respec:ing your Signed by order of the committee, conduct. His crime is nothing more than an ex
To R. H. ertion of civil power in opposition to the rights of nature. He was car ed.-I don't mention this to To the committee of inspection for Kent county, on Dereproach you with folly, but as a basis to that ad.
laware. vice I wish you to take, viz: that you may use your GENTLEMES.-With sorrow and contrition for utmost influence if possible, 10 quash the ivdicto my weakness and folly, I confess myself the author ments. I am persuaded the reputation of your of the letter, from which an extract was published coun'y and your own personal safety, are concerned in the 3d No. of Humphreys' Ledger, said to be in the event of this matter. For tho' Susses should from Kent county, on Delaware; but at the same approve or sibinil to such conduct, I am confident time to declare it was published without my conevery other part of the United Colonies will con. sent, and not without some alterations. demn and despine it. For my own part, I bave
I am now convinced that the political sentiments heard many bad reports of Suisses, but I assure herein contained, were founded on the grossest you this fills me with more displeasure than any public transaction of your county, I have ever at that "if the king's standard were now erected, nine
error; more especially that malignant insinuation, tended to,
out of ten would repair to it," could not have
been suggested, but from the deepest infatuation. I acknowledge to have wrote a piece, and did
True indeed it is, the people of this county have not sign it, since said to be an extract of a letter
ever shewn a zealous attachment to his majesty's from Kent county, on Delaware, published in flum person and government, and whenever be raised bis phreys' Ledger, No. 3. It was not dated from any
standard in a just cause, were ready to flock to it:
but let the severe account I now render to an in. place, and is some altered from the original. I folded it up and directed the same to M. F. and jured people, witness to the world, that none are Sons. I had no intention to have it published;
more ready to oppose tyranny or to be first in the and further, I let them know the author thought
cause of liberty, than the inhabitants of Kent coun. best it should not be published; nor did I think they would. I am sincerely sorry I ever wrote it, Conscious that I can render no satisfaction ade. as also for its being published, and hope I shall be quate to the injury I have done my country, I can excused for this, my first breach in this way, and only beg the forgiveness of my countrymen, upon I intend it shall be the last.
R. H. those principles of humanity, which may induce To the committee of correspondlenco
chern to consider the frailty of human nature-and for Kent county, on Deluware.
I do profess and promise, that I will never again Miny 21, 1775.
oppose those laudable measures, necessarily adopt
e3 by my countrymen, for the preservation of Ane. Sin.-The president of the committee of corres. rican freedom: but will co-operate with them to the pondence, by and with the advice of such other of most of my abilities, in their virtuous struggle the members of that committee as he was able trilor liberty (so far as is consistent with my relie collect and consult, this day laid before the com.gious principles.)
RECANTATION OF AN ARTICLE PUBLISRED.
Resolved unanimously, that he coinitre do, grard for one nigh', and nego day, hy a vice of a Wink the above recantation fully sati: factory. Nilreber of gentlemen in whom we could confide,
THO'S. NIXON, Jr. Clerk They were set at liberty, on the'r giving bond with May 9th, 1775.
security that they would submit their conduct to a trict enquiry before your honorable house, and
not presume to sit or do any one act as members, GENTLEMES. - Whatever the public opinion may
until honorably acquitted of all charges and every be of whai I have hereiofore said respecting the
degree of suspicion, by you. In all this we apprecontest between Great Britain and the colonies, hend, we have acted consistent with the firs' prindo solemnly assure you that I have never had any ciples of nature and humanity. And as we latter thing in view but a reconciliation between them,
ourselves with your approbation, we hope and exupon the full establishment of all the constitutioni.
pect that a scrutiny will be made into the conduct al rights and privileges of America. Which righis of these suspicious persons, and that in wisdom and privileges I am determined to defend with my
you will judge of them, and relieve your petition. life and property against all invasions whatsoever.
ers and the public in general of their apprehenThis you will please to make known to my
sions concerning them. in this county. I am, gentlemen, with great respect, your hum.
We cannot omit the present opportunity, with ble servant,
R.S. humility and confidence, to make known to your To the committee of observatiin
honors many grievances of our own and neighbor. for Kent county, on Delaware.
ing county, by which the cause of virtue and liber.
ty has, and will greatly suffer-and may be ruined; Prrest of a member of the legislature. unless by the intreaties of your petitioners and (The following petition sufficiently expiains the otber good men, we can prevail on your honors to circumstances of the case.)
look diligently and carefully into the ways and The petition and remonstrance of the light infantry conduct of a number of designing and interested
company of Dover, to the honorable house of re men, who, like the parliament of Great Britain, presentatives, for the gover ment of the coun. under the pretext of law, rule or order, most asties of New Castle, Kent, and Sussex, on Dela- siduously oppose and hinder, to the utmost of their were, now sitting at New Castle, humbly s::evel: power, the strenuous endeavors of the good and
That T. R. of Sussex county, esq. having fur a virtuous in all their public measures, on behalf of long time past been of ill fame, and published by our threatened liberty. When under covert of alı. diverse commiitees in several newspapers as an thority or the specious garb of moderation, the enemy to his country, and the said T. R. presum first laws of nature and justice are violated, if we ing to pass through our county, and at a critical do but murmur we are reprobated as violent incrn. conjuncture to sit in your honorable house, as one diaries, and loaded with opprobrious epithe!s. By of our representatives, we thought ourselves bound the dint of influence, a number of persons, the most in duty, as we regarded the honor of your 'onora- notoriously opposed to the cause of liberty, and ble house, and the true interest and safety of the who have made public concessions for the most public, to take said T, R. into custody until your daring offences, are made officers in our militia, honorable house could take order in the matter. and thus have influence among the people. But Whereupon an attempt being made to arrest Mr. this reproach is not the most intolerable to comR. col. M. of Sussex county also, drew his sword, plain of. Men of the most dangerous characters and tho' he was made well acquainted with the have crept into our very coincils; and, if ii were reasons and principles upon which it was thought possible, would contaminate the very so::rce and necessary to arrest Mr. R. he swore he would de fountain of all our hopes and expectations. fend him at the risk of his life. Upon this, he was immediately disarmed, and his violent conduct, to.
We pray your honors, that, after diligent enquiry gether with the well known connexion between and being well satisfied of the truth of these our the two men, inducing the company to consider allegations, you will take the means of our redress Mr. M. as in the same predicament with Mr. R. into your serious consideration, and that you will they after mature deliberation; resolved to give sive that aid to public virtue and liberiy which them both e like treatment, by keeping them in your known wisdom and patriotism will naturally safe custody until your advice and pleasure should suggest. be known. They were accordingly detained under And your petitioners as in duty bound shall prax.
Cross Roads, March 3d, 1776. county, could not avoid taking notice of them. Af. GENTLEMEN.-We, the members of assembly for ter a mature hearing and judgment of his cooduct, Ken: county, taking into consideration the con. the committee published him in the newspapers, as
ment of Messrs. R. and M. now in your cus- an enemy to his country. It was upon this ground, to ly, take the liberty to inform you that the con. the light infantry company of Dover seized upon tinuing these supposed offenders any longer under R. on his way to take his seat in the house a restraint of their liberiy, may give interruption of representatives, at New Castle;, and demanded to the business of legislation in this government, of the legislature, that he should not be permitted which may be injurious, especially at this time; we to sit as a representative of the people, while co. are therefore of opinion that you should release vered with charges of so malignant a dye. Instead then from their imprisonment, and permit them to of regarding the iniquities of this culprit, Diony. pursue their journey to New Castle, upon their sius talked in a high strain of the breach of privi. giving bond with security to submit the enquiry lege of the house. An order issued, summoning the into their respective offences to the house of assem. infantry to attend the house, which they instantly bly, and abide by, and perform whatsoever shall be obeyed. Mention was even made of imprisoning enjoined then by the house.
them for so daring an offence. But the spirit of We are, gentlemen, &c.
New Castle county did not at that time, favor this CESAR RODNEY
It was suggested, they must find means WILLS KILLEN
of confining a regiment or more of their militia, or JOIINHA LETT
they would not detain the infantry long. Por THOMAS RODNEY many days after the examination of the witnesses,
VINCENT LOCKERMAN which went chiefly to an enquiry into the offence To the gentlemen of the light infuntry company. of the infantry, there was no open discussion as
usual in the house. At the ringing of the bell, a [The result of this business is thus detailed in a minority of patriotic members met regularly: but pamphlet published in 1788, entitled "the biogra. Dionysius, in secret cabal, threatened some mem. phical history of Drozstus, tyrunt of Delaware, by bers, and allured others with promises, until he Timoleor.”]
brought his measures to bear. Finally it was re. “But to explain the attachment and connection solved, that R. and bis associate (who had also of Dionysius with R. and the other representatives been arrested for standing in his defence) should from Sussex, it will be necessary to give some ac take their seats; and the light infantry were discount of this couniy, and their election at Lewes, missed." in October, 1775. This R. was a man of property, and had been a leader in the proprietary faction
PROCLAMATION. for some years. Perfectly unprincipled, and sub. By John Burgoyne, esq. lieutenant general of his servient to direction, he of course at this tine, be majesty's armies in America, colonel of the came a leader in opposition to independence. With queen's regiment of light dragoons, governor of all the industry of interested tools, he, and his as.
Fort William in North Britain, one of the repre. sociates of the same connection, prejudiced a ma.
sentatives of the commons of Great Britain, and jority of the people of Sussex against independence.
commanding an army and fleet employed on an Upon this principle it was, that R. and others of expedition from Canada, &c. &c. the same political creed, were elected representa- The forces entrusted to my command, are detives of the people.
signed to act in concert, and upon a common prin.
ciple, with the numerous armies and fleets which The whigs bore all this with a degree of patience
already display in every quarter of America, the peculiar to Delaware, R. rendered fearless by his success, and the forbearance of the whigs, proceed. power, the justice, and, when properly soughi, the
of the king ed boldly in his villanies. By every means in his power, he seduced the people to break through The cause in which the British arms is thus exthe non-importation agreement. In particular, he erted, applies to the most affecting interests of purchased a large quantity of tea, and dealt it out the human heart; and the military servants of the to all whom he could persuade to use it. Having crown, at first called forth for the sole purpose of by this time a degree of contempt for all opposi. restoring the rights of the constitution, now coni. tion, there was so little reserve in these transac. bine with love of their country, and duty to theię tions, that the committee of observation of the sovereign, the other extensive incitements, which