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stitution men are to submit is a matter of secondary importance. No mere shifting of the superficial arrangements of society will seriously affect the condition of mankind. Starvation, poverty, and disease are evils beyond the reach of a Wilkes or a Rousseau. Stick to the facts, and laugh at fine phrases. Clear your mind of cant. Work and don't whine. Hold fast by established order, and resist anarchy as you would resist the devil. That is the pith of Johnson's answer to the vague declamations symptomatic of the growing unrest of European society. All such querulous complaints were classed by him with the fancies of a fine lady who has broken her china, or a fop who has spoilt his fine clothes by a slip in the kennel. He underestimated the significance of the symptoms, because he never appreciated the true meaning of Hume or Voltaire. But the stubborn adherence of Johnson, and such men as Johnson, to solid fact, and their unreasonable contempt for philosophy, goes far to explain how it came to pass that England avoided the catastrophe of a revolution. The morality is not the highest, because it implies an almost wilful blindness to the significance of the contemporary thought, but appropriate to the time, for it expresses the resolute determination of the dogged English mind not to loosen its grasp on solid fact in pursuit of dreams;, and thoroughly masculine, for it expresses the determination to see the world as it is, and to reject with equal decision the optimism of shallow speculation, and the morbid pessimism of such misanthropists as Swift.

INDEX TO NOTES

Absolving felons and setting | Bentley, 119.
aside wills, 73.

Berwickshire, 117.
Addison, 92.

Blefuscu, 80.
Æschylus, 107.

Blues of the Roman circus
Alamode beef, 78.

against the Greens, the, 81.
A music master from Brescia, Boswell, James, 110.
121.

Boyse, 86.
An old lady named Williams, Brighton, 115.
115.

Bruce's Travels, 99.
Aristotle, 101.

Burke, 100.
As poor as himself, 75.

Bute, Lord, 102.
A suitor who might have been
her son, 76.

Cambridge, 72.
At either university, 72.

Campbells, 119.
Ate like a cormorant, 89.

Capulets and Montagues, 81.
Attic poetry and eloquence, 70. Cavendishes, 102.
Augustan, 70.

Celtic region, the, 117.

Charles II., 83.
Bachelor of Arts, 73.

Chesterfield, Earl of, 88.
Bath, 115.

Christ Church College, 72.
Beaumont, 107.

Churchill, 105.
Beggar's Opera, the, 78.

Churchman, 69.
Ben, 107.

Cibber, 120.
Benefit nights, 92.

Cicero, 91.
Bennet Langton, 109.

City was becoming mutinous,
Bentincks, 102.

The, 102.

Clarendon, 84.
Club, a, 108.
Cock Lane, 103.
Congreve, 123.
Covent Garden, 88.
Cowley, 120.
Critical Review, the, 99.

David Garrick, 77.
Decker, 107.
Delphi, 101.
Demosthenes, 91.
Denham, 123.
Dictator, 95.
Dissenters, etc., 84.
Doctor's degree, 107.
Dodington, 93.
Drury Lane, 78.
Drury Lane Theatre, 92.
Dryden, 121.

East Lothian, 117.
Ephesian Matron, the, 122.
Euripides, 107.
Excise, the, 84.

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Falkland, 83.
Fielding, 78.
Fingal, 118.
Fleet Street, 115.
Fletcher, 107.
Ford, 107.
Frances Burney, 123.

Garrick, 77.
Gay, 78, 123.
Gentleman commoner, 72.
Gentleman's Magazine, the, 80.
George the Third's policy, 102.
Gibbon, 109.
Goldsmith, 108.
Grammar schools, 75.
Gray, 121.
Great Rebellion, the, 84.
Great restorers of learning, the,

71.
Grub Street, 88.
Gunnings, the, 94.

Hampden, 83.
Hannibal, 90.
Happy Valley, the, 99.
Hardwicke, Lord, 81.
Harleian Library, 80.
Hartley, 93.
Hector, 101.
Hendersons, 119.
Her hand was applied in vain, 70.
Her opinion of his writings, 95.
Hickrad, 81.
Hoole, 86.
Horace, 85.
Horne Tooke, 97.
Humble stage in Goodman's

Fields, a, 92.

In a letter, 96.

Indexmakers, 86.
Inhospitable door, 89.
Irene, 77.
It would be difficult to name, etc.,

107.

Julio Romano, 101.
Junius and Skinner, 98.
Juvenal, 85.

Kenricks, 119.

Jacobite, 69.

Lady Mary, 95.
James II., 83.

Language so coarse, 101.
Jenyns, 98.

Latin book about Abyssinia, a,75.
Johnson as “ringleader,” 73. Laud, 83.
Johnson reiterated the charge of Lennox, Mrs., 100.
forgery, 118.

Lepels, 75.
Johnson's abilities and acquire- Lichfield, 69.
ments, 73.

Lord Privy Seal, the, 101.
Charles, 90.
ferocity, 79.

MacNicols, 119.
homage to Chesterfield, 88. Macpherson, 118.
humour, 74.

Macrobius, 72.
kindness and consideration, 79. Malone, 121.
letter to Lord Chesterfield, 96. Mangled with the shears, 84.
letter to Macpherson, 118. Mansfield, Lord, 117.
“Literary Club," 108.

Marlow, 107.,
London, 85.

Massinger, 107.
marriage (according to Car- Maxime, si tu vis, cupio con-
lyle), 76.

tendere tecum, 119.
prospectus to his Dictionary, Mildendo, 80.
89.

Miseries of a literary life, the, 91.
reasons for not writing, 103. Miss Lydia Languish, 99.
religion, 74.

Mitre Tavern, the, 116.
tribute to his wife, 94.

Monthly Review, the, 95.
Johnson was a water drinker, Mrs. Johnson's fortune, 76.
114.

Mrs. Johnson's personal appear-
Jones, 109.

ance, 77.

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