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continuation of the history of Au-
rungzebe, begun by Mr. Dow.
Such ibours of his will be gene-
rally entertaining and useful ; and
more especially so to those who are
engaged in researches into Oriental
history and literature.
Mr. Stanley’s “Observations on
the City of Tunis, and the adja-
cent Country, &c.” is an accuratz
and entertaining description of a
part of the world which is but sel-
dom visited by modern traveilers.
With respect to the manners and
customs of the inhabitants, they
appear to be nearly fimilar with
those of the Asiatic Turks. It is
the account which he gives of the
present state of the territories of
ancient Carthage, and of the mu-
tilated remains of ancient grandeur
and magnificence, that will princi-
pally recommend his little work to
the historian and claifical reader.
Mr. Sayary’s “Letters on Egypt,
&e.” which we briefly mentioned
in our catalogue of Foreign Lite-
rature for the year 1785, have,
during the present year, been read
with much avidity in an English
translation. And we searcely re-
member when we met with a more
inflructive and entertaining compa-
nion. The object of our traveiler
is to examine the monuments of
past ages; to draw a parallel be-
tween the ancient and modern man-
hers of the inhabitants of the coun-
try ; and to describe its present
situation, commerce, agriculture,
and government. He sets out by
giving us a general view of Egypt,
and of the revolutions which it has
undergone. After this he presents
us, in several letters, with particu-
lar descriptions of the cities of
Egypt, of the pyramids, the la-
byrinth, the lake Moeris, the ruins
of Thebes; and with lively and
animated pictures of the peculiar

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manners and customs of the Egyptians. In these descriptions he hath shewn himself to be well acquainted with the works of Herodotus, Pliny, and Strabo ; and is very circumstantial in comparing their accounts with his own observations, and in correcting the errors of modern travellers. He, likewise, pays particular attention to the worship of the ancient Egyptians, and their deities; and endeavours to corroborate their opinion who have contended, that the pre

tended deities of this poople were .

no more than the names of the different attributes of one and the fame supreme Being ; or emblems, intended to express the phenomena common in that country, the influence of the heavenlv bodies, and the bounties of nature. It is impossible for us to follow our lively and intelligent author, in his various researches and descriptions. We shall only observe, that his letters derive advantages from his acquaint ince with the best classical and Arabic authors, his enthusiastic spirit of enquiry, his accuracy of discernment, and happy talent at delineation, that justly entitle them to the very favourable reception which they have met with from the public. M. Ruffin’s “ Appendix to the Memoirs of Baron de Tott, &c.” contain a satisfactory vindication of the representations of the Baron, from the remarks of M. de Peys. sonnel, late French consul at Smyrna, But what chiefly engages our attention in this publication is, M. Venture de Paradis’s curious historical memoir of the Druses, a people who inhabit mount Lebanon, of whom but very inaccurate and indislinét accounts have reachcd Europe. The entertaining parti

culars of this people, singular in their manners, and their religious Creed, and who have maintained a considerable degree of liberty and independence, though surrounded with the slaves and supporters of Ottoman despotism, will be peculiarly acceptable to the English re ider. To this memoir succeed, extrasts from the religious books of Hamzah, the prophet of the Druscs, and a literal translation of a catechism, containing their doctrines and tenets. The “Sketches of the Histor

of the Austrian Netherlands, &c.” by James Shaw, are calculated to excite public attention, not only on account of their intrinsic merit, but because the part of Europe which they describe is become a considerable objećt of political speculation. After laying down, in a clear and accurate manner, the

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The “Account of the gallant Defence made at Mangalore, against the United Efforts of the French. and the Nabob Tippo Sultan, &c.” is a just tribute of respect to the bravery and good condućt of the late colonel John Campbell, major of the 42d regiment of foot, his officers, and the troops under his command, during the fatigues and distresses of a tedious and obstinate siege. The particulars of this account, many of which will be found exceedingly interesting, are drawn up in the form of a journal, in which all the operations and casual. ties are particularly specified; and the whole is recommended to the perusal of military readers, by a good plan and profile of the fort, exhibiting the attacks and batteries of the enemy. The author of a trađt called “The History of the Art of Engraving in Mezzotinto, &c.” opposes the commonly received opinion that prince Rupert was the inventor of it, This honour he claims for colonel Siegen, a Hessian officer. And it appears to us, that the authorities to which he refers, in investigating the subject, carry too much weight with them to be slightly rejected. In this ingenious performance the author considers and explains the mechanic process of this kind of engraving : it's peculiar character and excellence; and the subječts which are best adapted to it. He hath added, likewise, an account of the principal artists in this branch, and a list of their works. And when we confider the high degree of perfeótion to which this art hath been carried in this country, and the many excellent copies of valuable pićtures which our artists have produced, we ma Y enture to prol.ounce, that this

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In mentioning the Biographical productions of the year, we shall assign the first place to the second volume of Strutt's “Biographical Dictionary; containing an Historical Account of all the Engravers, from the earliest period of the Art of Engraving, to the present Time, &c.” Of the design, and the ge. neral execution of this work, we gave our opinion in our account of the Domestic Literature of the year 1785. And we are glad to have reason to conclude, from the appearance of this second volume, that the author hath met with that encouragement from the public, which his application and industry merited. We have again received much information and pleasure from the continuation of his Essay on the Art of Engraving, and the Account of its Origin and Progress, which are prefixed to this volume. These afford us sufficient evidence of the author's acquaintance with the subject on which he writes, and will be allowed to possess a confiderable share of merit, notwithilanding that his style and manner of expression are liable to the same censure which our remarks on the former part of his work conveyed. The “Historical and Critical Memoirs of the Life and writings of M. de Voltaire, &c.” translated from the French of Dom. Chaudon, form a very unequal and unfinished work, which does not seem to have just pretensions to the reception which it is said to have met with on the continent. It is rather a collection of the anecdotes respecting Voltaire, which have been re

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