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Mr. Francis's India Bill. Bill of Mr. Dando, relative to the Political Government. Bill for Amending the judicature. Bill of East India.

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the department of which the direc

tion of the revenues of the Carna-
tic by no means particularly re-
ferred. He did not fall below Mrs
Fox in his eulogium upon the cha-
raēter of lord Macartney, and in-
stanced in his voluntary compli-
ance with the clause, which called
upon all persons returning from the
company's service, to account upon
oath for their acquisitions; though
the operation of that clause had not
yet commenced. This ačtion was
in itself so noble and difinterested,
that, had Mr. Pitt even disapproved
of his general condućt in his go-
vernment, it would alone have been
sufficient to atone for all former mis-
carriages, and to have entitled him
to the highest glory, and most dis-
tinguished applause.
Mr. Francis endeavoured to de-
monstrate the fallacy of which Mr.
Pitt was guilty, in the representa-
tion that he had made of the flou-
rishing condition of the company's
finances. At Bombay they had no
revenue at all proportioned to their
current expences, and the funded
debt then amounted to 3,000,oool.,
which bore an interest of 91, per
cent., and was continually increas-
ing by half yearly conversions of
the interest into capital. Of the
pecuniary fituation of Madras, Mr.
Francis could not speak with so
much precision; but he conceived,
that some idea might be formed
upon the subject from a part of
Mr. Macpherson's letter to the
court of direétors, of the thirtieth
of July 1785; in which he re-
marked, “In the Carhatic your

late orders have been carried into

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tion was made by Mr. Francis, and feconded by Mr. Windham, for leave to bring in a bill to explain and amend the act of the year 1784, for the regulation of the affairs of the East India company. Mr. Francis embraced this occasion of entering into an examination of that bill, and pointing out in the fullest , manner, what appeared to him to constitute its impolitic and unconftitutional nature. He alluded to the petitions, which were said to be upon their way from India, against Mr. Pitt's act. He might be suspected on one side of a base intention to avail himself of the present temper of the parties for some mischievous purpose; and on the other he night be charged with acting precipitately and unfairly to the petitioners themselves in not waiting for their petition. To the last of these imputations he anfwered, that, though he acted independently of the petitioners, he was as much in earnest as they could be, to promote the object they fought; that what he did could not injure, and might assist them; and

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placed the nominal power in one set

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they continued to do so in many others. The very moment the directors began to act, the board of control began to counteract ; and -- - “. . - - the

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the direétors in the end were obliged to fign orders, against which they had previously protested. Mr. Francis strongly condemned the power, which, by a fictitious vote and a casting voice, government had thrown into the hands of the governor-general; and observed, that by this method they had isecretly placed an influence in the hands of the prefident of Bengal, which they had been ashamed to attribute to him openly. He employed many arguments to prove, that the predominant power in India was much less judiciously placed in the hands of a fingle person, than in those of a council. The fact was, that under the former species of government all those principles, which the present law condemned and prohibited, were brought into action, and all those effects were produced, which the present law professed to look back upon with indignation; which it threatened to punish, or promised to correct. Mr. Francis described the government of Ben'gal as being of a very peculiar nature. A governor-general understood nothing of his situation, if he thought, that any power directly

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If he relied on his exclusive power, for want of clear and accurate knowledge, he would rarely venture to exert it. Every man who approached him would tell him a different story, or give him a different opinion. He would often doubt, and no vigorous determination could exist in a good mind that was not preceded by convićtion. Even when he exerted his power, it would be feeble and ineffectual against the universal combination and clamour of all ranks and interests, that would be formed to counteract him in every measure, that tended to correct abuses, or reduce exorbitant emoluments. In a great community the reformer had the voice and approbation of the majority to encourage him ; but in a very narrow circle he would have no part of the society in which he lived to support him against the rest. They would make a common cause against him, and, sooner or later, would overcome his resolution, or break his heart. Mr Francis alluded to the government in which he had been concerned, and remarked, that if the personal character, the political views, and public principles of Mr. Hastings and Mr. Barwel had been such, as to have induced the minority to give them a steady and vigorous support, the government would have carried along with it an opinion, a dignity, an authority and a sway, which no faction could have resisted and no coinbination could have with flood. Upon the subject of the third division of Mr. Pitt’s act, Mr. Francis was more animated and warm. In the institution of so arbitrary a mode of pursuing delinquency, the instant suffering indeed belonged to the servants of the company in India : the consequence and the danger were our own. A copitol innovation was made in the crimi

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