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tainly is not in itself a perfect pic. enable him to come to a tolerably ture of American character, society, correct conclusion upon each of manners or scenery ; but it furnishes those subjects, and in the meanwhile the reader with materials which will will amuse him exceedingly.

SCRAPS AND SKETCHES.*

1

THER
NHERE is a fund of wit and mer- ner, there is a lady, who is unable to

riment in Mr. Cruikshank that pass through Storey's Gate on ache may

draw upon as lavishly as he count of her huge bonnet, and some pleases without any fear of exhaust- one is exclaiming, that “ Lady Darion. This is one of the best of his lington's Bonnet stops the way." numerous publications. The first Half a dozen milliners, with the astwo pages consist of graphic illustra- sistance of ladders, pulleys, &c. are tions of the occasional advantages of constructing one of the size of a haywooden legs over those of mere flesh stack. To Mr. Cruikshank the laand blood. They are rough sketch- dies are indebted for the suggestion of es, but distinguished by great freedom a vehicle of a peculiar construction, and spirit, and that air of genuine which, from an extraordinary breadth humour w bich he generally exhibits. of roof, will allow of a bonnet being The first - sketch is of a poacher, confortably worn within by one perwhose wooden leg is caught in a son at least. The fashionable fe steel-trap. The title of it is, “ The males of the present day make their Advantage of a wooden leg at a waists so extremely thin, and the Pinch.Then we have a group of head-dresses and low garments so dancing girls on stilts, that is to say, preposterously large, that not only is Living on Wooden Legs.” We the human form disfigured by such an have next a glimpse at a man, who is approximation to the spider, but we rushing into a house to avoid a mad are surprised there are not more acdog, but he has his “ Best leg fore- cidents similar to the one so cleverly most,"

," and the animal seizes hold of sketched in a corner of this page. A the wooden one. In another corner lady is walking on the banks of a riof the page is a man who has fallen' ver-a terrible storm arises, and her on the road side. A cart-wheel has large bonnet and loose sleeves, bavpassed right over his leg, and crush- ing caught the wind, the body is seed it to atoms, but it is a Trifling parated at the waist, and the upper Accident,for the leg was wooden, half which is always the lightest, is and could easily be replaced by ano- carried over the water. The next ther every whit as good; and a drunk- page is not quite so good as the preen and roaring negro, impatient "to ceding, though there are many vigorhab tea,” thrusts his ligneous support ous touches of the pencil in it, and er into the fire, to make “the kettle a flash or two of satiric wit. On the bile.” On the succeeding page we top of another page stands a sapient have some jokes against the ladies' looking pig with his tail curled, and bonnets, which have become, from over him the molto, “ I could a tale their prodigious size, an abominable unfold.Then follow some legal nuisance in all theatres and public witticisms. All kinds of practices exhibitions, where they exclude ús 6 at the bar” are most whimsically ilfrom every thing worthy to be seen, lustrated, from the crow-bar in burgnot excepting their own delightful lary to the bar at the Old Bailey ; faces. · In the sketch on the left cor- including the head of " a gentleman

* Scraps and Sketches. Designed, etched, and published, by George Cruikshank, to be continued occasionally.

never

Aye,

intended for the bar;"—a face and admiration. “ You see, gran'ma," expression

to be forgolion. says the little child, “ before you There are some capital things in il- suck ihis egg, or, more properly lustration of ille“ March of Intellect.” speaking, before vou extract the mat“ The Pursuit of Letters” is perhaps ter contained within this shell by sucone of the cleverest. Children with tion, you must make an incision at heads prematurely large are running the apex, and a corresponding aperin go-carts after ihe letters A, B, C, ture at the base.”

dear!" es which are ludicrously sketched with claims her grau’ma, “ how very clelegs. On the first go-cart is the la- ver!! They only used to make a bel of " Reading made easy.In the hole at each end in my time!! Well, distance, we observe two figures on I declare they are making improve. horseback, with a pack of open- ments in every thing !" A table, mouthed dogs in full chase of a file covered with philosophical apparatus, of the following letters, which have and a toy-basket filled with such legs like “ The Living Skeleton's," – trifling works as Newton, Euclid, LITERATURE. “ The Grand Shakspeare, Milton, Gibbon, &c. March of Intellect,with the soldiers complete the idea. But we cannot wearing spectacles, and inkstands afford space for any further notice, with quills in them, for their regimen- and must remind our readers, that, tal caps, is also very humorous. The from the bare outlines, the few feeble cant and mystifying phraseology of strokes which we are able to give science, which are now beard at eve- with the pen, in endeavouring to ry corner of the street from the transfer Mr. Cruikshank's witticisms mouths of children, are illustrated by to our pages, they will be unable to a little girl on a stool with an egg in form a proper estimate of the work her hand. She is standing before her before us. old grandmama, who is gaping with

VARIETIES,

DISEASE OF SILK WORMS, AND IT'S

devouring the leaves with an eagerCURE.

ness which they did not usually show; IN Nihe southero provinces of France, not one of the hurdles upon which

where silk wornis are bred, it he raised his worms appeared infectis

very cunnon to find them at- ed with the jaundice. It was at Grst tacked by a disease called the jaun. supposed that the coccoons of silk dice, in consequence of the color were injured by this process ;

this acquired by them : and very careful however is not the case, and his meexamination is continually made for thod of practice is now adopted genethe discovery of such wornis as niay rally in the department of Vaucluse. be attacked by it, that they may be removed, lest the disease, being contagious, should spread to the others. The system of telegraphs has arThe Abbé Eyséeric, of Carpentras, rived at such perfection in the presibad recourse to a remedy in these dency of Bombay, that a communi. cases, which, though apparenily dan- cation may be made through gerous, has been warranted by the of 500 miles in eight minutes. success of twenty years. He used to powder his worms over with quick NEW APPLICATION OF STEAM. lime, by means of a silk sieve; he A grocer at Sheffield has a sieamthen gave them mulberry leaves engine, of half-borse power, for the moistered with a few drops of wine, purpose of roasting and grinding and the insects instantly set about coffee.

INDIAN TELEGRAPHS.

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THE
THE mind of any man who habi- of their professional occupation that

tually attends the assizes of I have selected the last assizes of Clonmel carries deep, and not per- Clonmel as the subject of this article; haps the most useful, impressions in parrating the events which aitendaway from it. How often have I re- ed the murder of Daviel Mara, and proached myself with having joined the trial of his assassins, I propose to in the boisterous merriment which myself the useful end of fixing the either the jests of counsel, or the general attention upon a state of droll perjuries of the witnesses, have ihings, which ought to lead all wise produced during the trial of a capital and good men to the consideration of offence ! How often have I seen the only effectual means by which the bench, the jury, the bar, and the the evils which result from the moral galleries of an Irish court of justice, condition of Ireland may be remedied.

roar of tumultuous laughter, In the month of April, 1827, a while I beheld in the dock the wild gentleman of the name of Chadwick and haggard face of a wretch who, was murdered in the open day, at a placed on the verge of eternity, seem- place called Rath Cannon, in the ed to be surveying the gulf on the immediate vicinity of the old Abbey brink of which he stood, and present- of Holycross. Mr. Chadwick was ed, in his ghastly aspect and motion- the member of an influential family, less demeanour, a reproof of the spirit and was employed as land agent in of hilarity with which he was to be collecting their rents.

The person sent before his God! It is not that who fills this office in England is there is any kind of cruelty inter- called " a steward;" but in Ireland it mixed with this tendency to mirth; is designated by the more honourable but that the perpetual recurrence of name of a land agency. The disincidents of the most awful character charge of the duties of this situation divests them of the power of produc- must be always more or less obnoxing effect, and that they

jous. In times of public distress, the « Whose fall of hair

landlord, who is himself urged by his Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir own creditors, urges his agent on, and As life were in't,

the latter inflicts upon the tenants the acquire such a familiarity with dire- necessities of his employer. I have ness, that they become not only in- heard that Mr. Chadwick was not sensible to the dreadful nature of the peculiarly rigorous in the exaction of spectacles which are presented, but rent, but he was singularly injudiscarcely conscious of them.

cious in his demeanour towards the It is not merely because the Bar lower orders. He believed that they itself is under the operation of the detested him; and possessing personincidents which furnish the materials al courage, bade them defiance. He 56 ATHENEUM, vol. 9, 2d series.

was not a man of a bad heart; but dead. This dreadful crime produced was despotic and contumelious in his a great sensation, not only in the manners to those whose batred he county where it was perpetrated, but returved with contempt. It is said through the whole of Ireland. When that he used to stand amongst a body it was announced in Dublin, it creof the peasantry, and, observing that ated a sort of dismay, as it eviniced his corpulency was on the increase, the spirit of atrocious intrepidity to was accustomed to exclaim, “I think which the peasantry had been rousede I am fattening upon your curses !” It was jusily accounted, by those who In answer to these tauuts, the pea looked

upon
this
savage

assassination sants who surrounded him, and who with most horror, as furnishing eviwere well habituated to the conceal. dence of the moral condition the ment of their fierce and terrible pas- people, and as intimating the consesions, affected to laugh, and said quences which might be anticipated " that his honour was mighty plea- from the ferocity of the peasantry, if sant; and sure, his honour, God bless ever they should be let loose. Pa him, was always fond of his joke !" trick Grace calculated on impunity; But while they indulged in the syco- but his confidence in the power and phancy under which ihey are wont to terrors of the confederacy with which smother their sanguinary detestations, he was associated was mistaken. A they were lying in wait for the occa- brave, and a religious man, whose sion of revenge. Perhaps, however, name was Philip Mara, was present they would not have proceeded to the at the murder. He was standing beextremities to which they had re- side his employer, Mr. Chadwick, course, but for a determination evinc- and saw Grace put him deliberately ed by Mr. Chadwick to take effectual to death. Grace was well aware means for keeping them in awe. He that Mara had seen him, but did not set about building a police barrack at believe that he would dare to give Rath Cannon. It was resolved that evidence against him. It is probable, Mr. Chadwick should die. This de- too, that he conjectured that Mara cision was not the result of individual coincided with him in his ethics of vengeance. The wide confederacy assassination, and applauded the prointo which the lower orders are or- ceeding. Mara, however, who was a ganised in Tipperary beld council moral and virtuous man, was horrorupon him, and the village areopagus struck by what he had beheld; and pronounced his sentence. It remain- under the influence of conscientious ed to find an executioner. Patrick feelings, gave immediate information Grace, who was almost a boy, but to a magistrate. Patrick Grace was was distinguished by various feats of arrested, and tried at the summer asguilty courage, offered himself as a sizes of 1827. I was not present at volunteer in what was regarded by his trial, but have heard from good him as an honourable cause. He had authority that he displayed a fearless set up in the county as a sort of demeanour; and that when he was knight-errant against landlords, and in convicted upon the evidence of Philip the spirit of a barbarous chivalry prof. Mara, he declared that before a year fered his gratuitous services wherever should go by he should have venwhat he conceived to be a wrong was geance in the grave. He

ordered to be redressed. He proceeded to to be executed near the spot where Rath Cannon; and without adopting his misdeed had been perpetrated. any sort of precaution, and while the This was a signal mistake, and propublic road was traversed by nune- duced an effect exactly the reverse of rous passengers, in the broad day, what was contemplated. The lower light, and just beside the barrack, in orders looked upon him as a martyr; the construction of which Mr. Chad- and his deportment, personal beauty, wick was engaged, shot that unfortu- and undauuted courage, rendered him nate gentleman, who fell instantly an object of deep interest and syn.

was

It was

eur.

3

pathy upon the scaffold. He was at- revenged he soon afterwards was, tended by a body of troops to the old within the time which he had himself Abbey of Holycross, where not less prescribed for retribution, and in a than fifteen thousand people assem manner which is as much calculated bled to behold him. The site of the to excite astonishment at the strangeexecution rendered the spectacle a ness, as detestation for the atrocity of most striking one. The Abbey of the crime, of which I proceed to par-, Holycross is the finest and most vene rate the details. rable monastic ruin in Ireland. Most Philip Mara was removed by Gotravellers turn from their way to sur vernment from the country. vey it, and leave it with a deep im- perfectly obvious, that if he had conpression of its solemnity and grand- tioued to sojourn in Tipperary, his.

The prisoner was brought for- life would have been taken speedily,, ward in the midst of the profound si- and at all hazards, away. It was delence of the vast multitudes around the cided that all his kindred should be. scaffold. He ascended and surveyed exterminated. He had three bro-, thein ; and looked upon the ruins of thers; and the bare consanguinity the edifice which had once been dedi- with a traitor (for his crime was treacated to the worship of his religion, son) was regarded as a sufficient ofand to the sepulchres of the dead fence to justify their immolation. If which were strewed among its aisles, they could not procure his own blood. and had been for ages as he was in a for the purposes of sacrifice, it was few minutes about to be. It was not however something to make libation known whether he would call for of that which flowed froin the same vengeance from his survivors, or for source. The crimes of the Irish are mercy from Heaven. His kindred, derived from the same origin as their his close friends, his early compan- virtues. They have powerful duions, all that he loved and all to whom mestic attachments. Their love and he was dear, were around him, and devotion to their kindred instruct nothing, except an universal sob from them in the worst expedients of atrohis female relatives, disturbed the city. Knowing the affection which awful taciturnity that prevailed. At Mara had for his brothers, they found the side of Patrick Grace stood the the way to his heart in the kindest priest-the mild admonitor of the instincts of humanity; and from the heart, the soother of affliction, and consciousness of the pain which the the preceptor of forgiveness, who at- murder of " his mother's children” tended him in the last office of hu- would inflict, determined that he manity, and who proved by the result should endure it. It was in conform-, how well he had performed it. To ity with these atrocious principles of the disappointment of the people, revenge that the murder of the broPatrick Grace expressed himself

pro thers of Philip Mara was resolved foundly contrite ; and, although he upon. Strange to tell, the whole boevinced no fear of death, at the in- dy of the peasantry in the neighbourstance of the Roman Catholic cler- hood of Rath Cannon, and far begyman who attended him implored yond it, entered into a league, for the people to take warning by his the perpetration of this abominable example. In a few moments after, crima; and while the individuals who he lefi existence. But the effect of were marked out for massacre were, his execution will be estimated by unconscious of what was going forthis remarkable incident. His gloves ward, scarcely a man, woman, or were handed by one of his relations child, looked them in the face, who to an old man of the name of John did not know that they were mark, Russel, as a keepsake. Russel drew ed out for death. They were mathem on, and declared at the same sons by trade, and were employed. time, that he should wear them “till in building the barrack at Rath CanPaddy Grace was revenged;" and non, on the spot where Chadwick

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