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ral surface of our literature, he ap
66 This was a sort of feeling that pears to have been somewhat star- must have in time subsided. But let tled at the consideration of what he us not waste words in regretting what bimself had, in comparative igno- might have been, where so much is. rance, adventured, and to have been Burns, short and painful as were his more intimidated than encouraged years, has left behind him à volume by the retrospect. In most of the in which there is inspiration for ever" new departments in which he made ry fancy, and music for every mood; some trial of his strength, (such, for which lives, and will live in strength example, as the moral Epistle in and vigour—to soothe’ as a genePope's vein, the heroic satire, &c.,) rous lover of genius has said the he appears to have soon lost heart, sorrows of how many a lover, to inand paused. There is indeed one flame the patriotisni of how many a magnificent exception in Tam o soldier, to fan the fires of how many Shanter,--a piece'which no one can a genius, to disperse the gloom of understand without believing, that solitude, appease the agonies of pain, had Barns pursued that walk, and encourage virtue, and show vice its poured out his stores of traditionary uyliness ;-a volume, in which, cena lore, embellished with his extraordi- turies hence, as now, wherever a nary powers of description of all Scotsman may wander, he will find kinds, we might have had from his the dearest consolation of his exile! hand a series of national tales, unit- Already has ing the quaint simplicity, sly huniour, and irresistible pathos of another
-Glory without end Chaucer, with the strong and grace
Scattered the clouds away; and on that name ful versification, and masculine wit The tears and praises of all time." and sense of another Dryden.
general utility, and now a patent has THERE was found on an amer been obtained for metallic caissons,
thyst (and the same afterwards applicable to the construction of occurred on the front of an ancient piers, harbours, embankments, breaktemple) a number of marks or indents, waters, basins, locks, quays, docks, which had long perplexed inqairers; mill-dams, roads through' morasses, and more particularly as similar foundations of light houses, aqnom marks or indents were freqnently ducts, and other works requiring great observed in ancient monuments. It expedition or durability:
The cais occurred to the antiquary, Peirese, son is a hollow metallic box, open that these marks were nothing more generally both at the bottom and top, than troles for small nails, which had the thickness of the sides proportionformerly fastened little lamina, wbiched to the strength and gravity requirrepresented sų many Greek letters.'' ed, and the node of uniting being by This hint of his own suggested to 'dove-tail. The results of various cal him to draw lines from one hole tocólations of the comparative expense another; and he beheld the amethyst of granite and cast iron caisson reveal the name of the sculptor, the works, give from twenty to more than frieze of the temple, and the name of fifty per cent. in favour of the latter, the god. This curious discovery has and the advantage in the saving of been since frequently applied. time, which, it works on the coast," by the Britis
is obviously of the highest import.. 7:36 MÉTALLIC CAISSONS: tatice, it is estimated, will be at
Every day some new application least four-fifths in favour of the of cast iron is made to purposes of latter.
The UN i294160
so, “Whether there may not be found When Dr. Franklin was agent in a people who so contrive as to be England for the province of Pennsyl- impoverished by their trade ?" vania, he was frequently applied to by the ministry for his opinion respecting the operation of the Stamp Many original, and hitherto un Act; but his answer was uniformly heard of, manuscripts of this cele.
“ that the people of Ame- brated historian and divine have been rica would never submit to it." Af- brought to light in France, and are ter the news of the destruction of the at present in the course of printing stamped papers had arrived in Eng, at Paris. land, the ministry again sent for the Doctor to consult with; and in con
Roll thin writing-paper round a clusiou offered this proposal :—“That brass or other metal rod, and hold if the Americans would engage to the papered part over the flame of a pay for the damage done in the de- spirit lamp; the paper will not be struction of the stamped paper, &c. singed, nor otherwise injured, owing the parliament would then repeal the to the conducting power of the metal act." The Doctor having paused on which it is laid. A person made upon this question for some time, at a steel escapenent-wheel for a clock, last answered it as follows :- This and intended tempering the points of puts me in mind of a Frenchman, the teeth, by means of a blowpipe; who, having heated a poker red-hot, but he failed, owing to the conducting the ran furiously into the street, and ad- power of the rest of the wheel. pori dressing the first Englishman he met
path there, “ Hah! Monsieur, voulez vous
In Paris there are scores of little give me de plaisir, de satisfaction, to shops where gentlemen may sit on a let me run this poker only one foot raised bench, and read the newspa poet into your body?” “ • My body !" rea pers whilst a garcon cleans their plied the Englishman : “ What do boots—for two sous. These shops therr you mean?"_" Vel den, only so far," are neatly fitted up, and are generalmarking about six inches. " Are ly situated near the theatres or the you mad?" returned the other;" I public promenades. tell you, if
your business, I'll knock you down."
ARTIFICIAL STONE. " Vel den,” said the Frenchman, soft
Mr. W. Ranger, of Brighton, has dowening his voice and manner; “ Vil succeeded in perfecting an invention, you, my good Sir, only be so obliging which is intended to be substituted as to pay me for the trouble and ex- for bricks or stone. It is an artificial pense of heating this poker!" stone, much harder than bricks or
stone, being equal in durability to
his Bishop Berkeley, among a set of of being considerably cheaper. Mr.
his queries, has the following, which are Ranger has been occupied a consipertinent to existing circumstances: derable time in bringing this discove. “Whether one may not be allowed to ry to perfection, which he has now conceive and suppose a society or so far accomplished, that it is his innation of human creatures, clad in tention to employ it altogether in the woollen cloths and stuffs ; eating good first building which he may erect. bread, beef, and mutton, poultry, and It is capable of being modelled to fish in great plenty; drinking ale, any shape, and in any way that way mead, and cider; inhabiting decent be desired, and has, when put up, houses, built of brick and marble; the appearance of Portland stone ; of taking íheir pleasure in fair parks and course, no cement is required in the gardens; depending on no foreign construction of buildings, in which it imports for food and raiment ?"-al- is employed.
est order is the most perfect as they will, but they will always al mind that can belong to have an inward universality. In his
There is no intellectual power, and rags, he is nature's treasurer : though is no state of feeling, which may not be he may be blind, he sees the past
the instrument of poetry, and in pro- and the future, and though the serportion as reason, reflection, or sym- vant of servants, he is ever at large pathy is wanting, in the same degree and predominant.
But there are is the poet restricted in his mastery things which he cannot be. He cani over the resources of his art. The not be a scorner, or selfish, or luxu
poet is the great interpreter of na- rious and sensual. He cannot be a ture's mysteries, not by narrowing self-worshipper, for he only breathes them into the grasp of the under by sympathy, and is its organ; he standing, but by connecting each of cannot be untrue, for it is his high them with the feeling which changes calling to interpret those universal doubt to faith. His most gorgeous truths which exist on earth only in and varied painting is not displayed the forms of his creation. He canas an idle phantasmagoria, but there not be given up to libertine debauchflows through all its scenes the clear ery; for it is impossible to dwell at and shining water, which, as once before the starry threshold of wander for delight, or rest for con- Jove's court, and in the en of lewd templation, perpetually reflects to us and drunken revel. It was to Hades, an image of our own being. He not to Olympus, that the comrades sympathises with all phenomena by of Ulysses voyaged from the island his intuition of all principles ; and of Circe ; nor can we pass, without his miod is a mirror which catches long and hard purgation, from the and images the whole scheme and sty to the sanctuary, or from the working of the world. He com- wine-cup to the fountain of immor. prehends all feelings, though he only tality. The poet must be of a fearcherishes the best ; and, even while less honesty ; for he has to do batile he exhibits to us the frenzies or de- with men for that which men inost gradations of humanity, we are con- dread, the regeneration, namely, of scious of an ever-present divivity, man: and yet he must be also of a elevating and hallowing the evil that loving.kindness ; for his arms are surrounds it.
the gentleness of his accents, and the A great poet may be of any time, music of all sweet thoughts. Such or rank, or country ; a beggar, an is the real and perfect poet; and it outcast, a slave, or even a courtier. is only in so far as verse-artisans ap. The external limits of his social rela- proach to this, that they are entitled 36 ATHENBUM, vol. 9, 2d scries.
to that lofty and holy dame. But to their opinions, so far as we are he who is such as has been dow de concerned; and we can only lament
; scribed, is indeed of as bigh and for their own sakes, that they should sacred a function as can belong to think and feel as they do. To those man. It is not the black garment, who, without going so far as these, nor the precise and empty phrase, yet deny that bis writings have a bad which makes men ministers of God; moral influence, we will give up the but the communion with that Spirit advantage to be derived from pressa of God, which was, in all its fuloess, ing the iwo abovementioned points, upon those mighty poets, Isaiah and and put the question on other Ezekiel ; which unro:led its visions grounds : and we wish to state disover the rocks of Patmos, and is, in tinctly, that we think, in the first larger or smaller measure, the teach- place, Lord Byron (as seen in his er of every bard.
writings) had no sympathy with huMany of the warmest admirers of man bature, and no belief in its poetry will, of course, be shocked at goodness; and, secondly, that he the idea of its being any thing more had no love of truth. These are than an innocent amusement. It is in grave charges; and, at least, as their eyes a pretty pastime, to be class- grave in our eyes as in those of any ed with the making of handscreens, or of our readers. But we are con the shooting of partridges, an art vinced of the justice of them and not at all more important, and only no fear of being classed with the a little more agreeable, than rope- bigots, of being called churchmer dancing or backgammon, to be re- rather than Christians, and believers sorted to when we are weary of the in articles, more than believers in graver and more difficult operations God, shall prevent us from expressa of summing up figures, or filling ing and enforcing our conviction. sheepskins with legal formulas. The attempt to prove any thing as These are the persons who are per- to the habitual state of mind of a fectly contented with a poet, if he writer, by picking out detached sens supplies them with excitement at the tences from his works, we look upon least possible expense of thought; as vain and sophistical ; vain, bewho profess that the Fairy Queen cause no sentence of any author is tedious and “uninteresting,” who expresses the same meaning when only do not despise Milton, because detached from the coðtext as when he is commonly reported to have taken along with it; sophistical; be been a man of genius, who treat cause the very selections and abrup. Wordsworth as a driveller, and tion of these parts iudicates a wish Coleridge as a “ dreamer of dreams." to persuade us that we ought to judge And herein they are, perhaps, right; of a house from a single brick. The for, being deaf, they have not heard only satisfactory and honest method the piping, and how then could they of estimating an author is, by consi dance? We trust, however, that we dering the general impression which have many readers who will agree his works leave upon the mind. with us in taking a different view of Now, if any candid and reflecting these matters, and to them we would man, (or woman,) were to inform us say a few words about Lord Byron. of the influence exerted upon him by
No one, probably, will be inclined the perusal of one of Lord Byrou's 10 maintain, that Lord Byron's poe- poenis, would not his account be try produces a good moral effect, something of this sort--that he had except those who are anxious tó felt inclined to look with scoru aud spread the disbelief of the goodness bitterness upon his fellow-creatures, of God, and to bring about the pro- to wrap himself up in his own selo miscuous intercourse of the sexes. fishness, and to see, in the outward With such persons, we have at pre- world, not embodyings of that one sent no quarrel. They are welcome idea of beauty which prevails in our
own minds, not frame-works for hu- sympathy with mankind, neither does man conceptions and affections, but he seem to us to have had
any love mere images of his own personality, of truth. He appears to have felt and vantage-grounds on which to that we have a natural tendency toraise himself afar from and above wards admiring and feeling, iu acmankind? Would he not say that he cordance with ihe show of bold and had been imbibing discontent, dis, bad predominances. gust, satiety, and learning to look vanity of men, the propensity which upon life as a dreary dulness, reliev- teaches them to revere Cromwell ed only by betaking ourselves to the and worship Napoleon, has made the wildest excesses and fiercest intensi- world derive a diseased gratification ty of evil impulse. If, as we firmly from the pictures of Harold and believe, a sincere observer of hin,self Conrad. But these latter personages would give us this account of his are essentially untrue. All that own feelings, after communing with gives them more of the heroic and the poetry of Byron, the question as romantic character than the former to its beneficial or even innocent ten- worthies, is superadded to the origidency is at an end. It is true that nal basis of evil and worthlessness, there are in man bigher powers than and is utterly inconsistent with it. those which tend directly to action; And this Lord Byron must have and there may be a character of a known. He who put together these very exalted kind, though not the monsters, must have been aware that most perfect, which would withdraw they are as false, and, to a philosoitself from the business of society, pher, as ridiculous as sphynxes, or and from the task of forwarding the chimeras to a vaturalist. But he had culture of its generation, to contem- so little love of truth, that he could plate with serene and grateful awe not resist the temptation of encirthe perfect glory of the creation. cling himself with these bombastic But this is not the species of supe. absurdities, to raise the astonishment riority to those around us and inde- of sentimental mantua-makers, pendence of them, which is fostered It is mournful to see that so much by the works of Lord Byron. The of energy and real feeling should feeling which runs through them is have been perverted to the formathat of a self-consuming scorn, and a tion of these exaggerated beings, self-exhausting weariness, as remote alternately so virtuous and so vias can be from the healthful and ma. cious, now so overflowing with tenjestic repose of philosophic medita- derness, and so bright with purity, tion, as different from it as is the and again so hard, and vile, and noisome glare of a theatre from that atrocious. These qualities, to be midnighi firmament which folds the sure, are all found in man; but the world in a starry atmosphere of reli- combination, where, in earth or giou ; while the practical portion of moon, shall we look to find it? The our nature is displayed in his writ- principles of human nature are not ings, as only active and vigorous mere toys, like phosphorus and amid the atrocities or the vileness of paint, wherewith to eke out goblins : the foulest passions. He saw in and he who pretends to exalt the mankind not a being to be loved, but mind by representing it as superior, to be despised ; and despised, not not only to its meaner necessities, for vice, ignorance, insensibility, or but to its best affections, in truth, deselfishness, but because he is obliged, grades it to the basest of uses, by exby a law of his being, to look up tó hibiting it, not as a thing to be reversome power above himself ; because enced, and loved, and studied with he is not self-created and self-exist- conscientious and scrutinizing reflecing, vor “ himself, his world, and his tion, but as a dead and worthless own God."
material, which he may pound and As the Lord Byron of “ Childe compound-evaporate into a cloud, Harold” and “ Don Juan" had no or analyse into a caput mortuum,