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the conjectures formed on the coast have known that he had iudeed disof Paria about the form of the earth, covered a new continent, equal to and the situation of the terrestrial the whole of the old world in magniparadise; about the mines of Ophir tude, and separated by two vast in Hispaniola, and the Aurea Cher oceans from all the earth hitherto sonesus in Veragua ; and such was known by civilized man! And how the heroic scheme of a crusade for would his magnanimous spirit have the recovery of the holy sepulchre. been consoled, amidst the afflictions It miogled with bis religion, and fill- of age and the cares of penury, the ed his mind with solemn and vision- neglect of a fickle public, and the ary meditations on mystic passages injustice of an ungrateful king, could of the Scriptures, and the shadowy ho have anticipated the spendid emportents of the prophecies. It ex- pires which were to spread over the alted his office in his eyes, and made beautiful world he had discovered ; him conceive himself an agent sent and the nations, and tongues, and forth upon a sublime and awful mis- languages which were to fill its lands sion, subject to impulses and super- with his renown, and to revere and natural intimations from the Deity ; bless his name to the latest postesuch as the voice which he imagined rity !" spoke to him in comfort amidst the It must be needless, after extracttroubles of Hispaniola, and in the ing these spirited, elegant, and insilence of the night on the disastrous teresting paragraphs, in which also coast of Veragua.

every thing is as judiciously reason“He was decidedly a visionary, ed as it is beautifully and forcibly but a visionary of an uncommon and expressed, to offer any formal testisuccessful kind, The manner

in mony to the general merits of the which his ardent imagination and present work of" Mr. Washington mercurial nature was controlled by a Irving, so much more grave in its powerful judgment, and directed by character, and laborious in its execuian acute sagacity, is the most extra- tion, than any of his preceding ones, ordinary feature in his character. as, nevertheless, it obviously is. Thus governed, his imagination, in- Some literary blemishes, it is true, stead of exhausting itself in idle present themselves, but they are by flights, lent aid to his judgment, and no means of frequent occurrence, or enabled him to form conclusions at such as ought to be mentioned in dewhich common minds could never terioration of the work at large. As have arrived, nay, which they could a matter of grammar, we have been not perceive when pointed out." surprised to observe, in the index to

" With all the visionary fervour of the work, the constant repetition of his imagination, its fondest dreams the phrases, “ Gourds introduced to fell short of the reality. He died Hayti,” “ Herbs, European, introin ignorance of the real grandeur of duced to Hispaniola, &c." and in his discovery. Until his last breath the text we find, more than once, the he entertained the idea that he had employment of a vulger colloquialism' merely opened a new way to the old of the author's native country; one resorts of opulent commerce, and that has often offended our ears, and had discovered some of the wild re- which we could much wish to gions of the East. He supposed removed from pages so generally Hispaniola to be the ancient Ophir pure, and so generally polished, as which had been visited by the ships ihose before us. The following is of Solomon, and that Cuba and Ter- an example: 6. His circumstances ra Firma were but remote parts of were limited, and he had to observe Asia. What visions of glory would a strict economy." have broke upon his mind could he

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intended busband of Glover's daugh

ter Catherine. These two last cha. It appears from the researches of three thousand one hundred and sixty cidents and situations most striking

M. Adrian Balbi, that upwards of racters are the hero and heroine of world of these 2142 are published dramatic dialogue is interspersed; eight periodicals are published in the cidents and situations most striking

and characteristic. A great deal of in Europe, 978 in America, 27 in and the English or foreign reader is Asia, 12 in Africa, 9 in Oceanica, The greatest rage for periodical lite not perplexed by thuse Scutticisms ratnire appears to exist

which occur in many of the other among the

novels. English, and the states of English origin; for, out of 3168 periodical works published in the world, 1378

The new work of Mr. Cooper, the belong to the English race, leaving American novelist, is to be called for all the rest of'nankind only 1790. Notions of the Americans ; picked It is in the United States of Ameri- up by a Travelling Bachelor. It ca, however, that this passion pre

will form two octavo volumes, and vails most strongly; for, with a po- will appear early in May. pulation of ouly eleven millions, that

The appearance of St. Petersburgh country has 800 journals; while the at the close of 1827, by A. B. GranBritish monarchy, with a population ville, M.D. F.R.S. &c. has been deof upwards of one hundred and for- layed in consequence of the number ty-two millions, has no more than of Engravings to be executed for the 588 periodicals. To show how in- work. It is now, however, in a state compatible periodical literature and of forwardness. despotism are, it may be remarked,

Mrs. Hemans, the first of our liv. that with a population of upwards of ing poetesses, is about to publish a thirteen millions, Spain has only 16 new volume of her charming verse, journals.

entitled Records of Woman, some specimens of which have already

been published. The new series of " Chronicles of A Poem, entitled Tecumoth, or theCanongate” consists of but one sto- the Warrior of the West, is about to ry, which is to be entitled “ Valentine's appear, the scene of which is laid in Day, or the fair Maid of Perth.” Canada. The author of this work, The era of the events is the reign of which is in four cantos, illustrated by Robert III., the scene is principally copious and interesting notes, is per about Perth, but sometimes changes fectly familiar with the manners and to the Highlands. The story is part- customs of the Indian tribes, and was ly domestic and partly historical; personally known to the hero whose and there is a great variety of cha- fame he has attempted to celebrate, racters, from the king himself, his In a few days will be published, in son the Duke of Rothsay, his brother 1 vol. post 8vo. Three Days at Kilthe Duke of Albany, many of the larney, with other Poems. By the bold barons of the time, the Earl of Rev. Charles Hoyle. Dunbar, the Earl of March, Sir John The Rev. George Stanley Faber Ramorny, the confidant of the Duke has nearly ready for publication a of Rothsay in his pleasures and de- new work, entitled “ The Sacred Cabauchees, down to the burgesses of lender of Prophecy.” A In 3 vols. 8vo. Perth, with old Simon Glover at The Rev. F. A. Cox, LL.D. is their head, and the brave Henry preparing a translation of the chief Wynd, the smith or armourer, the works of Masillon.

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The sultry noontide of July

Now bids us seek the forest's shade ;
Or for the crystal streamlet sigh,

That flows in some sequestered glade.
SUMMER! glowing summer! This Now is the general season of hay-

is the month of heat and sunshine, making. Bands of mowers, in their of clear, fervid skies, dusty roads, light trousers and broad straw hats, and shrinking streams ; when doors are astir long before the fiery eye of and windows are thrown open, a the sun glances above the horizon, cool gale is the most welcome of all that they may toil in the freshness of visiters, and every drop of rain is the morning, and stretch themselves worth its weight in gold.” Such is at noon in luxurious ease by trickling July commonly-yet it is sometimes waters, and beneath the shade of on the contrary a very showery month, trees. Till then, with regular strokes putting the haymaker to the extremi- and a sweeping sound, the sweet and ty of his patience, and the farmer up- flowery grass falls before them, reon anxious thoughts for his ripening vealing at almost every step, nests corn; generally speaking, however, of young birds, mice in their cozy it is the heart of our summer. The domes, and the mossy cells of the landscape presents an air of warmth, humble bee streaming with liquid dryness, and maturity; the eye roams honey; anon, troops of haymakers over brown pastures, corn fields “al- are abroad, tossing the green swaths ready white io harvest,” dark lines of wide to the sun. It is one of Nature's intersecting hedge-rows, and darker festivities, endeared by a thousand trees, lifting their heavy heads above pleasant memories and habits of the them. The foliage at this period is olden days, and not a soul can resist rich, full, and vigorous ; there is a it. fine haze cast over distant woods and There is a sound of tinkling teams bosky slopes, and every lofty and and of wagons rolling along lanes aud majestic tree is filled with a soft fields the whole country over, aye, shadowy twilight, which adds inß. even at midnight, till at length ihe pitely to its beauty-a circumstance fragrant ricks rise in the farmyard, that has never been sufficiently no- and the pale smooth-shaven fields are ticed by either poet or painter. Wil- left in solitary beauty. lows are now beautiful objects in the They who know little about it landscape ; they are like rich masses may deem the strong penchant of our of arboresceni silver, especially if poets, and of ourselves, for rural stirred by the breeze, their light and pleasures, mere romance and poetic fueat forms contrasting finely with illusion ; but if poetic beauty alope the still and, sombre aspect of the were coucerned, we must still adorire other trees.

harvest-time jo the country. The 31 ATHENEUN, vol. 9, 2d series.

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whole land is then an Arcadia, full venerable oak, in such a scene, and of simple, healthful, and rejoicing listen to the summer sounds of bees, spirits.

grasshoppers, and ten thonsand other The shadows of the trees are pare insecis, mingled with the more re. ticularly grateful, heavy, and still. mote and solitary.cries of the pe-wit The oaks, which are freshest be, and the curlew ! Then, 10 think of cause latest in leaf, form noble clum- the coach horse, urged on his suliry py canopies; looking, as you lie on- stage, or the plough-boy and his der then, of a strong and enjulons team, plunging in the depths of a green against the blue sky. The burning fallow, or of our ancestors, traveller delights 10 cut across the in times of national famine, plucking country through the fields and the up the wild fern-roois for bread, and leafy lanes, where, nevertheless, the what av enhancement of our own flints sparkle with heal. The cauile luxurious ease !* get into the shade or stand in the But woods, the depths of woods, water. The active and air-cutting- are the most delicious retreats dur. swallows, now beginning to assemble ing the fiery noons of July. for migration, seek their prey about The strong rains, which sometimes the shady places; where the insecis, come down in siinimer-time, are a thongh of differently compounded noble interruption to the drought and natures, “fleshless and bloodless," indolence of hot weather. They seem to get for coolness, as they do seen as if they had been collecting a at other times for warmth. The supply of moisture equal to the want sound of insects is also the only audi- of in, and come drenebing the earth ble thing now, increasing rather than with a mighty draught of freshiess. lessening the sense of quiet by its The rushing and tree-bowing winds genile contrast. The bee now and that precede them, the dignity with then sweeps across the ear with bis which they rise in the west, the gravest tone,

galluring darkness of their approaeli


ihe silence before their descent, the " Their murmuring small trumpets sounden wide :"

washing ampliude of ibeir outpour. and here and there the live music ing, the suddenness with which they cian of the grass touches furib his appears to leave off, taking mp; as it tricksy note.

were, their watery feet to sail op.

ward, and then the sunny sniile again The poetry of earth is never dead;

of nature, accompanied by the When all the birds are faint with the hot sun, And hide in cooling trees. a voice will run

“sparkling noise" of the birds, and From hedge to hedge about the new-mown those dripping diamonds the raiu.

mead : That is the grasshopper's.

drops ;-there is a grandeur and a

beauty in all this, which lend a glow But whoever would taste all the rious effect to each other ; for though sweetnees of July, let him go, in the sunshine appears siore beautiful pleasant company, if possible, into than grand, there is a power, not heaths and woods, it is there, in her even so be looked upon, in the arb un cultured haunts, that summer now from which it flows; and thuugh the holds her court. There creep the storm is more grand thaa beautiful, various species of heath-berries, there is always beauty where there cranberries, bilberries, &c., furnish- is so much beneficence. ing the poor with a source of profit, It is now the weather for bathing, and the rich of luxury. What a a refreshment too little taken in this pleasure it is to throw ourselves country, either summer or winter. down benea:h the verdant screen of We say in winter, because with very the beautiful fern, or the shade of a little care in placing it near a cistern,

The goats

* It is a fact not known to every juvenile lover of nature, that a transverse section of a fern-root presents a miniature picture of an oak tree which no painter could rival.



and having a leathern pipe for it, à our object of attention, whether we bath may be easily filled once or pogard its form or peculiar designa. twice a week with warm water; and tion in the insect world ; we must it is a vulgar error that the warm admire the first, and innocently, pero bath relaxes. An excess, either haps, conjecure the latter. We warı or cold, will relax. avd so will know that lufinite Wisdom, which any other excess; but the sole effect formed, declared it "to be very of the warm baib moderately taken is, good;" that it has its destination that it ilirows off the bad hum vurs of and settled course of activn, admita the body by opening and clearing ting of no deviation or substitution: the pores. As to summer bathing, a beyond this, perhaps, we can rarely father mas soon leach his children proceed, or, if we sometimes advance to swim, and thus perhaps may be a few steps more, we are then lost in the

means of saving their lives some the mystery with which the income day or other, as well as health. prehensible Architect has thought Ladies also, though they cannot bithe proper to surround it. So liule is in the open air, as they do in some human nature permitted to see. (nor of the West Indian islands and other perhaps is it capable of comprehendconiries, by means of natural basins ing n'ich more than permitted,) that among the rocks, might oftener make it is blind beyond thought as to sea substitute for it at home in tepid condary causes; and admiration, that bithis. The most beautiful aspects pure fountain of intellectual pleasure, under which Venus has been painted is almost the only power permited

sculptured have been connected to us. We see a wonderfully fabricatwith bathing; and indeed there is ed creature, decorated with a vest of perhaps 110 one thing that so equally glorious art and splendour, occupycontributes to the three graces of ing almost its whole life in seeking health, beauty, and goud temper; to for the most fitting station for its own health, in putting the body into its necessities, exerting wiles and stratabest state ; to beauty, in clearing and gems, and constructing a peculiar timing the skin; and to good temper, material to preserve its offspring in rescuing the spirits from the irri. against natural or occasional injury, tability occasioned by thuse fornii. with a fore-thought equivalent to retdable personages, the nerves," which son-in a moment, perhaps, with all pothing else allays in so quick and its splendour and instinct, it becomes entire a manner.

the prey of some wandering bird ! Insects now take the place of the and human wisduon and conjecture feathered iribe, and, being for the are hunibled to the dust. We can nost part hatched in the spring, they “see but in part," and the wisest of are now in full vigour. It is a very us is only, perhaps, something less amusing sight in some of our rural ignorant ihan another. This sense sambles, in a bright evening after a of a perfection so infinitely above us,

suiniger shower, iu see the air filled is the natural intimution of a su: throughout all its space with sportive preme Being; and as science in

imorganized creatures, the leaf, the proves, and inquiry is augmented, brinch, the bark of the tree, every our in perfections and ignorance will nossy bank, the bare earth, the pool, become more manifest, and all our the ditch, all teeming with animal aspirations after kuowledge only idlife, and the mind that is ever framed crease in us the conviction of knowfor contemplation, must awakeo now jug gothing. Every deep investiga

in viewing such a profusion and vario tor of nature can hardly be possessed
ty of existence. One of those poor of any oiher than a humble auiud.
liile beings, the fragile gnut, becomes
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