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by feelings such as those which Na- sons of the male sex, in the different poleon knew how to touch with ef- professions immediately connected fect, as incentives to glorious deeds, with printing and engraving : and when within sight of the pyramids of more than half that number are unitEgypt, he reminded his troops that ed in provident societies, which guartwenty ages looked down upon their antee them from the need of relief actions.

from an hospital : but of the 300,000

individuals of other callings which People are, just now, talking a Paris contains, only 10,330, a little quantity of most superlative nonsense more than a thirtieth part, belong to against the steam-coaches. They any friendly societies; it is thence fairwill blow up, forsooth, and they will ly inferred, there is fifteen times more destroy the breed of draught-horses. sense and care among the journeyAs for their blowing up, accidents, man printers, than among the memdoubtless, at first will occasionally bers of all the other callings followed happen; but, pray, was not the in the French capital. Manchester mail upset a few months ago, the Leeds coach a few weeks

LITERARY MEETINGS. ago, and the Chester mail a few days The monthly dinners given by the ago? And were there not lives lost Editor of the “ Revue Encyclopein each of these instances ? With dique," during the last nine years, respect to the breed of horses, when have an interest and a peculiarity of we want them no longer, why, in character which no other re-union of folly's name, should we continue to this nature possesses.

Celebrated breed them? But, then, the farmers individuals of every nation then meet will be obliged to give up growing for the purposes of literary or social oats. Yes; and so, thirty years ago, intercourse, and for destroying those were the Birmingham people obliged baneful prejudices which formerly to discontinue making shoe-buckles. set nations in array against each oth“Oh!" says some worthy country- er, and perpetuated enmities which a gentleman, who receives three let- more frank and cordial intercourse ters in the month, and writes one,- might have altogether prevented. At “I'm sure we get our post quite soon a recent meeting of this nature, we enough; what do a few hours more observed natives of Britain, Russia, or less signify ?” “Why, a letter, Poland, Denmark, Germany, Switarriving a few hours sooner or later, zerland, Dalmatia, Moldavia, Italy, may signify to a merchant half his Corfu, Greece, Spain, the Netherfortune, or to any one of us the hap- lands, &c., together with many piness of a life-time, nay, that life Frenchmen. Learned men, in short, itself. Moreover you drive horses of every nation, then meet to comto death for the same purpose which municaie those ideas which may afsteam will answer without any inhu- terwards become the fruitful germ manity at all." 66 But these steam- of civilization over far distant counengines are innovations." you have me; I cannot answer that ; but I may observe, so were, in their

It seems

not to be generally day, coats, waistcoats, and breeches; known, that apples may be kept the houses, beds, sea-coal fires, and roast- whole year round by being immersed beef.

in corn, which receives no injury PROVIDENCE OF THE PARISIAN PRINT- from their contact. If the American

apples were packed among grain, Of the total amount of members they would arrive here in much finer of the provident societies of Paris, condition. In Portugal, it is customthe number of individuals connected ary to have a small ledge in every with the press, forms a fourth part. apartment, immediately under the Paris gives employment to 6000 per- cornice,) barely wide enough to hold

66 There tries.





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an apple : in this way the ceilings are DILATORY INCLINATIONS. fringed with fruit, which are not ea

Mr. Peel, Secretary for the Home sily got at without a ladder; while Department, when speaking in the one glance of the eye serves to show House of Commons of the Lord if any depredations have been con- Chancellor, (Eldou,) said, that to mitted.

apply the words of the poet to that noble Lord,

even his failings leanA poor Swiss, who was in the ed to virtue's side.” A gentleman mad-house of Zurich, was rather present remarked that in that case afflicted by imbecility than madoess, his lordship's failings resembled the and was allowed his occasional liber- leaning tower of Pisa, which, in spite ty, which he never abused. All his of its long inclination, had never yet happiness consisted in ringing the bells of the parish church; of this he was somehow deprived, and it plunged him into despair. At length he sought the governor, and said to him, The Romans, said Nigrinus to L"I come, sir, to ask a favour of you. cian, dare to speak truth once in I used to ring the bells ; it was the their lives—when they make their ooly thing in the world in which I wills; and what use do they make could make myself useful, but they of this liberty? why, to command will not let me do it any longer. Do some favourite robe to be burnt with me the pleasure then of cutting off my them, some particular slave to keep

I cannot do it myself, or I watch by the sepulchre, some partiwould save you the trouble.” Such cular garland to be hung about the an appeal produced his re-establish urn ! And this is the end of a life ment in his former honours, and he spent in being carried on soft litters died ringing the bells.

to luxurious baths, slaves strutting

before, and crying to the bearers to NICE DISTINCTION.

beware of the puddles, and gorging A few evenings since, a French at banquets, and being visited at gentleman in the pit at Drury-Lane noon-day by physicians, and all the theatre perceiving some dirt on the bustle and tumult of the hippodrome, coat of the gentleman seated on his all the noise about statues to charioleft, said, “ I perceive, sir, you have teers, and the naming of horses. had a rencontre with a cart.“No, These are the gentry whose fin. sir," replied the other, peevishly, gers are overburthened with 66 it was a coach."

rings, whose hair is so fantasti

cally curled out, who answer one's PARAPHRASE OF THE 19TH PSALM. humblest salute by proxy, and who

That beautiful paraphrase of the are accustomed, nevertheless, to see 19th Psalm, beginning with “ The beggars become viceroys, and vicespacious firmament on high,” gene- roys beggars, as at the shifting of a rally attributed to Addison, was real- scene. ly written by the patriot, Andrew Marvel. This was one night referred to at the Literary Club, where Dr. Johnson was present: when he, Before the introduction of vaccinataking off his hat, went through the tion into the new world, one hundred whole hymn with a solemnity so im- thousand Indians were destroyed by pressive, as deeply to affect his atten- the smallpox in one year in the sintive auditors, The general appear- gle province of Quito. The late ance of the doctor was harsh and re Duke of York said, that " in the Mipulsive, but on this occasion, his litary Asylum not one unsuccessful features were brightened into an al case in vaccination had happened in most celestial mildness and serenity. the course of twenty years.”



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VITH what different feelings do mind in England, and not one of the

we write this name, from those highest order, whereof a trace rewith which it will be seen by (we mains, that dreamed of acting upon fear) a large proportion of our read the feelings through the imagination, ers! A few have read the works of by the aid of any more powerful enWordsworth, and disapprove; many gines than the passions and modes have not read them, and therefore of reasoning which display themselves condemn; the rest, among whon are on the surface of human intercourse, we, think of him as of one greater, and, as they spring from nothing esand

purer from vulgar meannesses, sential in man's nature, are perpetuthan to belong exclusively to our ally shifting and passing away. The generation, and yet connected with muse was dressed like a lady on a it by deep sympathies, by a thousand birth-night, with a toupee and patchgentle and strong associations, and es, a stomacher and a hoop-petticoat. by the noblest moral influence.- Her offspring were mere vague shaWherefore this variety of conviction? dows, with a certain conventional Partly because the public taste has inanity of feature ; and the heroes of been in a large degree formed by poetry were only more interesting very different models from that pre- than the mutes who clear the stage sented by this great poet ; partly be. between the acts of a play, by being cause it has been much misled by more sillily irritable, more ludicrousevil guidance; but chiefly because ly fierce, and fonder of words of six his poems require in their readers a syllables, than are real and living far more majestic state of feeling, men ;-while the way to bring a and more active exercise of reason, description or event home to the than are to be found among ordinary feelings of every reader, and to immen. Of our own belief we shall press it vividly on his imagination, now offer some explanation.

was by comparing it to something in At the period of the change of the scandalous chronicle of Greek or dynasty, in 1688, however necessary Roman mythology ; by arraying it in it may have been to take strong mea- a patched garment of classical allusures for the purpose of saving our sion; by calling a breeze 6 a zephyr,” bishops from martyrdom, and our and a rivulet the Naiad of the crysvenerable ancestors from a Popish tal flood." explosion ; there was at least as much The dynasty of this gentle dulness need of a revolution in poetry as in was destined, however, to be shaken Government.

Indeed, from the and overthrown, in the midst of its time of the death of Milton until our most triumphant imbecility. Threeown generation, there was scarcely a fourths of the eighteenth century

26 ATHENEUM, Vol. 9, 2d series.

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passed away without producing in ideal art and moral truth, creators of Europe a single really important po- the beautiful, and ministers to the litical event, or one great predomi- good. For these objects he bas pating mind. But these things were ceased to draw from the shallow and all destined to be changed in the muddy fountains of so much precechanges of the great moral cycle, ding and contemporary literature. acting apparently through the proxi- lle has sequestered himself from the mate causes of various political con- customary interests and busy compe. vulsions. The obstinate tyranny of titions of the society around him; England forced the colonies in North and has endeavoured to see, in his America into a most just and holy own breast, and in the less artificial rebellion, A contest of principles classes of mankind, the being of his arose; it was imitated in Ireland, in species as it is, and as it might be, the conflict which triumphed in the and in the outward world a treasury year 1782; and reproduced under a of symbols, in which we may find re

formidable and astounding flections of ourselves, and intimations shape in the French Revolution. of the purport of all existence, He Wa

Cars became struggles of the intel- has attempted to build up in this way lects and passions of nations,-not his own nature ; and to impress it upmerely of musquets and bills of ex on his kind, by embodying his serene change. Politics were changed ioto benevolence and universal sympathe opposition of great pioral princi- thies in the forms supplied by a peples, instead of the frivolous frenzies culiarly faithful and fertile imaginaof pamphleteers and secretaries of tion. He has not aimed at all at mostate, for the possession of a village mentary applause, nor even made reor the inviolability of a sinecure. nown, either present, or to be, the Men learned, in short, to think and object of his exertions; but he has to feel for themselves, instead of be

written from the love for man, the ing talking or acting mechanism. reverence for truth, and the devotion The breath of universal existence to art, which, though totally unconseemed to become a subtle and nected with the business of book-makmighty power, an impulse, and an ing, are the only foundations of litinspiration. The hearts of men erary excellence. Therefore it is, were enlarged by the reception of a that, amid all the ridicule with which vast hope ; and their faculties im- he who belongs not to the age has pregnated by the glorious influences been attacked by its minions, his inof the time. The great visible changes fluence has been gradually but uniwere, the awakening of nations, the formly extending; and those who overthrow of the mighty, the de- judge every thing by the commercial struction of armies and empires, the standard of the day, will be surprisreform of France into a republic, and ed to find that the booksellers have of Italy into a people. But there lately thought it for their advantage were also the stranger, more fruitful, to publish a complete and beautiful and more permanent changes, the re- edition of the works of this “ drivelgeneration of the German mind, and ling ballad-monger.” the second miraculous descent upon The main strength of the clamour English literature of the purifying against Wordsworth has been directand kindling fire from heaven. ed upon his fondness for the use of

Of this imbreathed spirit, Words- plain and ordinary phraseology. Now worth has in our country receive for this there are various reasons. In ed more largely than any one now the first place, the constant employe living ; or rather bringing with him ment by metrical writers of certain into manhood rarer faculties than the set forms of phrase, many of them rest of his generation, he has also la- never used by any one to express boured more unceasingly and earn- real feelings, and the rest by the veestly to make them instruments of ry fact of becoming the cant language

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of poetry, disused among living men, that majestic speech, in which Spena his custom had by repetition so ser wrote the “ Fairie Queen," and deadened their effect, that they had Milton discoursed the “Areopagiticeased to be symbols recalling any ca” to angels, to men, and to eter. thing whatsoever, but the precedents nity, for their use in some other writer. Connected with this charge is that Wordsworth attempted to remedy of Mr. Wordsworth's propensity to this by seeking for fresh reservoirs of represent as his heroes, obscure, and expression in the real language of therefore uninteresting, personages. mankind, as springing from their gen- But is there, or is there not, in the uine feelings : and he found his best hearts of men, that true catholic faith materials among those classes whom in our nature, from which we learn the habits of society have not com- that what ioterests and engages all pelled to dilute into weakness the our better, and therefore all our mode of communicating their seosa- stronger feelings, is not the accidenttians; though in drawing his language al peculiarity of circumstance, but in a great degree from the less in- the immoveable foundations of hustructed ranks, he of course omitted man being, and its incorporeal, indievery thing that by its rarity would visible essence ? Place these where have been unintelligible, or which you will, so that they show themwas not in conformity either with selves through the accidental accom. human nature in general, or with the paniments, and are not stifled by necessary principles of human dis- them, there is in them that which

But it is a mistake to sup- draws us to itself, and makes us feel pose that he never employs a dialect the stirrings of kindred pulses. But which might not have been collected how generally, among the instructed from the lips of ploughmen ; on the classes, is every free emotion checkcontrary, using simple phrases for ed or masked! Sympathy is called simple things, and giving unpedantic affectation; earnestness, enthusiasm ; expressions to uninstructed men; he religion, fanaticism; and the whole also wields, and far more powerfully of society beaten down and shrunk than any one, between Milton and into flat barrenness.' But among the himself, a language sufficient to the ranks of men which are less subjectheights and depths of all philosophy, ed to fashion, there are still to be and more subtle and powerful in ex seen yearnings and ebullitions of pressing the inost delicate and com natural feeling, and among them manplex shades of feeling, than any En- kind may be studied with more accuglish writer whatsoever, Shakspeare racy, and examples of deeper and alone excepted. At the same time truer interest discovered, than in the the habitual use of an uninflated portion to which we belong. Acting phraseology gives extraordinary vi- upon this belief, Wordsworth has gour to all that homely illustration, done more than any one who has and fresh, natural imagery, which are written in our language for two cedso conspicuous in Wordsworth’s po- turies, to realize and bring home to ems. But in general his sonnets, the

our minds the character of the larger larger number of bis minor poems, portion of our species. At a time the “ White Doe of Rylstone," and when the favourite personages of the “ Excursion," are by no means even our best poets were Celadons marked with the lowliness of diction and Musidoras, when poetry corwhich it is so common to dwell upon fined itself either to Gentlemen and and to ridicule.

We find still vigor. Ladies, or to the shadowy indiscrimous in these poems, and in none but inate mockeries of humanity, the them, and the works of Coleridge swains of pastoral absurdity--it was and of Shelley, the full harmony and duing a mighty service to society to profusion, the swell and force, of our represent the artisan and the peasant



of even with the external minuteness of

English tongue,

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