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202 Origin of Dean Swift's Meditations upon a Broomstick. sisters went to take farewell of him, of gracious Nature all--and Nature but never returned ; one, it is said, will not reclaim them, but in the having died of a fever in the Infirma- tomb. That is Gabriel Mason-the ry, just as if she had been a pauper; Drunkard ! And in an hour you and the other—for the sight of sin, may, if your eyes can bear the sight, and sorrow, and shame, and suffering, see and hear him staggering up and is ruinous-gave herself up, in her down the village, cursing, swearing, beauty, an easy prey to a destroyer, preaching, praying, --stoned by and doubtless has run her course of blackguard boys and girls, who agonies, and is now no more. The hound all the dogs and curs at his rest of the family dropped down, one heels, till, taking refuge in the smithy by one, out of sight, into inferior or the pot-house, he becomes the situations in far-off places ; but there sport of grown clowns, and after was a curse, it was thought, hanging much idiot laughter, ruefully mingled over the family, and of none of them with sighs, and

groans,

and tears, he did ever a favourable report come to is suffered to mount upon a table

, their native parish ; while he, the in- and urged, perhaps, by reckless folly, fatuated sinner, whose vice seemed to give out a text from the Bible, to have worked all the woe, remained which is nearly all engraven on his in the chains of his tyrannical pas- memory,—50 much and so many sion, nor seemed ever, for more than other things effaced for ever-and the short term of a day, to cease there, like a wild Itinerant, he stamhugging them to his heart. Sem- mers forth unintentional blasphemy, blance of all that is most venerable in till the liquor he has been allowed or the character of Scotland's peasant- instigated to swallow, smites him ry! Image of a perfect patriarch, suddenly senseless, and, falling down, walking out to meditate at even-tide! he is huddled off into a corner of What a noble forehead ! Features some lumber-room, and left to sleep, how high, dignified, and composed ! -better far, for one so pitiably miThere, sitting in the shade of that serable, were it to everlasting death! old way-side tree, he seems some re From such imperfect pictures ligious missionary, travelling to and we return with satisfaction to the fro over the face of the earth, seek- Treatise. The chapter “On the ing out sin and sorrow, that he may Pathology of Drunkenness" is one tanie them under the word of God, of the most striking in this singularly and change their very being into able work. Among the consequences piety and peace.

Call him not a of drunkenness which the author has hoary hypocrite, for he cannot help here given, are many of the most that noble--that venerable----that painful diseases which fesh is heir to. apostolic aspect-that dignified fig We have room only to add, that ure, as if bent gently by Time loath to those who stand in need of to touch it with too heavy a hand advice and warning, Mr. M.'s Treathat holy sprinkling over his furrow. tise worth a hundred sermons. As ed temples, of the silver-soft, and the a literary composition, its merits are snow-white hair—these are the gifts very high.

ORIGIN OF DEAN SWIFT'S MEDITATIONS UPON A BROOMSTICK.

SWIFT was in the habit of going from them. Such occupation, how to

to visit Lady Berkeley, his pa- ever, was too little congenial with tron's consort. She was a great ad- the Dean's humour, and soon he remirer of “ Boyle's Pious Medita- solved to revenge himself tions,” and used often to request the for the irksome task thus imposed Dean to read aloud some portion upon him. In short, he wrote a pa

upon Boyle

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rody upon him, which he got printed, whatever he touches he turns to and entitled “Meditations upon a gold.” The Dean, preserving his Broomstick.” This he sewed into gravity, made signs of assent, as if the copy

of Boyle from which hier he quite agreed with her Ladyship, Ladyship was accustomed to read. and then took his leave. In the eveIt was exactly the same paper, type, ning her Ladyship had a party, and and so ingeniously inserted, that no one of the first topics started was one was likely to conjecture the de- Boyle's excellent " Meditations upon ceit. So, the next time, he opened a Broomstick.” Some of the comthe book at the " Meditations upon pany began to laugh. a Broomstick," which, with a very You may laugh,” exclaimed her grave countenance, he read aloud. Ladyship, “but I am astonished you

Lady.-“ No jesting, if you please, should not have heard of it; it is Mr. Dean, upon so grave a subject.” quite worthy the pen of this great

Swift. — “Jesting! I vow, my moralist.” Others, however, venLady, I read it as I find it,- here it tured to question its existence; when is • Meditations upon a

Broom- her Ladyship, in triumph, points out

the part, which they saw sure enough, Lady.-- "So it is—upon my word, “Have I convinced you, gentlenen;

Meditation upon a Broom- I see you are quite confounded : but stick.' What a singular subject ! to tell you the truth, so was I at But let us see ; Boyle is so full of first. Indeed, I should still have ideas, that I am persuaded he will been ignorant of the fact, but for Mr. make it extremely edifying, though Dean Swift, who was so good as to it looks so odd."

point it out to me, only to-day.” With great gravity, Swift proceed

66 What !” cried some of the pared to read a very original compari- ty, was it Swift ? this is one of his son between a broomstick and a man, tricks then, let us have another copy and contrasting the destiny of man of Boyle. They went and looked, kind with that of the broomstick: and looked, but no " Meditation upon “ This stick,” he continued, in a so a Broomstick” was to be found : it

- this stick, that you see was plain that the whole had been thrown thus ignominiously into a cor- interpolated. The lady concealed her ner, was once flourishing in the chagrin ; but, henceforth, she never woods," &c. &c. " Oh, excellent imposed upon the author of " GulliBoy te!” exclaimed her Ladyship, ver” the reading of these edifying "how admirably be has drawn the lectures. And this was what he moral from so trifling a subject. But wanted.

it is a

lemn tone,

POLICE OF FRANCE.

A

RICH merchant of Lyons was ance with the police.) the history of

very lately robbed in that city, his loss, and his suspicions regarding to a very large amount : and, after its author.

• If he be in Paris," reusing every exertion in his power, plied his friend, " I engage he shall was led to believe that the thief had be forthcoming. Follow me.” They filed to, and was resident in Paris, were soon in the presence of an offiwhither he directed bis course, with cer of the gendarmerie, who, having out the least delay. On his arrival listened composedly to the merin the metropolis, he communicated chant's narration, ordered him to reto one of his friends, (a literary cha- turn on the morrow.

The next day, racter, and whose political writings the merehant having presented himhad assured him soine months' de- self, the officer informed him that tension in prison, and an acquaint- he had discovered the thief; that

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he was in Paris, and his residence moment upon the faith of our treaty, known. “Let us lose no time, assured of not being molested until I Sir," exclaimed the eager and ex- have special orders regarding him. pectant merchant, in the fear he lo that event, I am bound in honour should escape.

“ Do not alarm to advise him that our agreement is yourself,” said the other; “he is at an end, and that he must look to strictly watched, and is even asso- his own safety. He will then use ciated with the Police.” “I shall in- his best attempts to escape, and I to stantly hasten for an order of arrest entrap him. The person you infrom the Procureur du Roi," con- quire for is in the situation I have tinued the merchant, in preparing to mentioned; and, if you will follow depart. “Not quite so hasty, if you iny counsel, before you proceed judiplease,” replied the apathetic officer; cially, you had better try conciliato6 that you will obtain the order you ry measures.

I shall direct bin to propose, I pretend not to deny; or be to-morrow, at a certain hour, in that it will be imperative on me to the Rue Monconseil, and you will show it obedience; but you will de- meet him there. Two of my men cidedly defeat your object; and the shall be near you for your protection. man you seek will be unattainable." You will enter into an explanation “I do not understand you, Sir.” with the robber; and I shall be “ Listen for a moment, and I shall greatly surprised if, after the hints I explain the matter. My responsi- shall convey to hini, you do not come bility as a police-officer is great, and to a satisfactory arrangement in reextends to the interests of the com- spect to the stolen property." munity in general. I require many The interview took place as prohands, and the means accorded me posed, and an amicable agreement of satisfying them are trifling ; yet if was entered into. The merchant, I do not pay well I shall want as when well assured of restitution, presistance; and if they whom I em- sented the officer with a sum far iuploy can gain more on their own ferior to what the expense of proseaccount than in executing my orders, cution on his part would have it would be impossible for me to act amounted to ; while, even in the I therefore, of necessity, conform to latter case, justice might have been the long established usages of my probably better satisfied by the redepartment. A criminal, you may sult than the merchant himself. be aware, is ever upon the alarm; This circumstance, which but rebut so long as he is not directly and cently occurred, and on the truth of publicly charged with a particular which implicit reliance may be placoffence, I accept a compromise with ed, tends to prove that the Police him; and he pays me in return a (of Paris at least) is less devoid of monthly sum, which goes to the re- information respecting the authors of muneration of my subalterns. The crimes, than it is deficient in zeal, very man in question relies at this activity, and disinterestedness.

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THE IRISH BAR.

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large professional dinner given by L ORD Avonmore was subject to Mr. Bushe,) Curran, who was sitting

perpetual fits of absence, and was next to his lordship, having been frequently insensible to the conver- called on for a toast, gave " All our sation that was going on.

absent friends,” patting, at the same once wrapped in one of his wonted time, Lord Avonmore on the shoulreveries ; and, not hearing one sylla- der, and telling him that they had ble of what was passing, (it was at a just drunk his health. Quite uncon

He was

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scious of anything that had been said as nearly as you can in the order, in for the last hour, and taking the in- the manner, and on the principles on timation as a serious one, Avonmore which they studied. Study nature rose, and apologizing for his inatten- attentively, but always with those tion, returned thanks to the company masters in your company; consider for the honour they had done him them as models which you are to by drinking his health,

imitate, and at the same time as rivals There was a curious character, a with whom you are to contend.” Sergeant Kelly, at the Irish bar. He This precept should be the motto was, in his day, a man of celebrity. to every work and every criticism on Curran

gave us some odd sketches art. It should be inscribed in letters of him. The most whimsical pecu- of gold in every academy, gallery, liarity, however, of this gentleman, exhibition-room, and painters' study and which, as Curran described it, throughout the world. As a proof excited a general grin, was an inve- that it is not a string of unmeaning terate habit of drawing conclusions words founded on blind adoration of directly at variance with his premises. antiquity, there should be placed nigh He had acquired the name of Coun- to the inscription, works of Raphael, sellor Therefore. Curran said that Michael Angelo, and Titian, as cri. he was a perfect human personifica- terions to be reverted to for the tion of a non sequitur. For instance, guidance of the artist, and as a premeeting Curran one Sunday near St. servative from the effects of modern Patrick's, he said to him, “ The exhibitions, and from the “seducArchbishop gave us an excellent dis- tion” deprecated by Sir Joshua Reycourse this morning. It was well nolds “ of the ambition of pleasing written and well delivered ; therefore, indiscriminately the mixed multitude I shall make a point of being at the of people who resort to them.” Four Courts to-morrow at ten." At another time, observing to a person whom he met in the street, " What a At the last sitting of the Imperial delightful morning this is for walk- Society of Agriculture of Moscow, ing!” he finished his remark on the M. Skiadan, proprietor of some fine weather, by saying, “ therefore, I will focks of Merinus in the Government go home as soon as I can, and stirof Voronige, exhibited an instrument out no more the whole day.of his invention for ascertaining the

His speeches in Court were inter- thickness or fineness of the wool, minable, and his therefores kept him with the greatest exactness. This going on, though every one thought instrument, which is called an Erio. that he had done. The whole Courtmetre, excels all others of a similar was in a titter when the Sergeant description, not excepting those of came out with them, whilst he him- the celebrated Dollond, or of M. Koself was quite unconscious of the ehler, of Zwickan, in Saxony. cause of it.

“ This is so clear a point, gentlemen,” he would tell the jury,

The Number of “ Edwards's BoI am convinced you felt it to be so tanical Register” for March, contains the very moment I stated it. I a figure of the fine new Air Plant of should pay your understandings but China, long known to Europeans by a poor compliment to dwell on it for the drawings of the Chinese, and cea minute ; therefore, I shall now pro- lebrated for the splendour of its flowceed to explain it to you as minutely ers and the fragrance of its perfume as possible. Into such absurdities It has for some years been cultivated did his favourite “ therefore” betray in the stoves of this country, but no him.

means could be discovered for mak

ing it flower, till a new method was " Study, therefore, the great works pursued by the gardener of his Royal of the great inasters for ever. Study Highuess the Prince Leopold at

RUSSIAN SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURE.

BOTANICAL CURIOSITY.

66 that

THE ARTS.

Claremont, which finally proved suc- and into valleys, whose deep recesses cessful. Under this mode of treat- collect in their flight the dissipated ment a branch of blossoms was pro- shadows, present those sublime efduced, between two and three feet fects of light and shade, which the long, and composed of some hundreds hand of nature, and of nature only, of large flowers, resplendent with can produce. These mountains, as scarlet and yellow. The plant has they rise above the mass formed by the remarkable property of living their intermingled bases, divide into wholly upon air. It is suspended by peaks, often bold and rugged ; and the Chinese from the ceilings of their where opposed to the meridian sun, rooms, which are thus adorned by its their divers hues heightened by its beauty and perfumed by its fragrance. rays, form a delightful contrast of

colour with the deep azure of the EDUCATION IN THE NETHERLANDS. sky on which the summits trace their

At Mons, in the Netherlands, a outline. The shores are varied by monthly journal is published, devoted promontories, whitened by the foam to the purposes of primary and high- of the waves breaking incessantly at er instruction. The last number their feet, and by receding creeks, contains a dialogue between the pas- on whose shelving beach the surfless tor of a parish and his parishioner, waters advance and retire without who is alarmed at the very name of obstruction. On one side, the mo. learning. The worthy curate, in dero Navarino, with its walls and language appropriate to the preju- citadel and bastion, rises on the steep dices of his hearer, at last succeeds declivity of the cone-topped Mount in making him comprehend, that in Temathia ; and on the other, the less time than was formerly spent in ruins of old Navarino, the Pylos of learning to read, many elementary the ancients, the city of the veneranotions might now be acquired in ble son of Neleus, crown the heights. writing, arithmetic, drawing, history, Off the point, in which the land here and geography. The peasant, how- terminates, the Coryphaison of the ever, is not convinced at first that Lacedæmonians, lies the rocky islany thing more is necessary for and of Sphacteria, so celebrated in young people beyond some know the annals of Greece, closing and ledge of arithmetic, but in a subse- defending the entrance to the bay. quent dialogue, yields to the over Two-and-twenty centuries have whelming arguinents of his instructer. elapsed since the Athenian and In general, we cannot bestow too Spartan triremes struggled for masmuch praise on the government of tery in the bay of Pylos, and again the Netherlands for the pains it takes the beautiful haven has become the to diffuse the blessings of education theatre of strife for hostile pavies. ainong

the

very poorest of the peo Yet, how different the scene! In ple, well convinced that education is the place of contest between flotillas the grand safeguard of public morals of galleys, mapeuvring to sink their and happiness.

antagonists by the simple blow of a rostrum ; instead of combats hand to

hand, with sword and buckler; the The site of the late engagement is vast three deckers of modern naan example of the loveliness of Gre tions make the shores of Navarin

The spacious bay, echo with their artillery. The clawhose waters are of that deep blue mour of the combatants is drowned peculiar to southern climes, where in the roar of the cannon, and in the ihe heavens they reflect are pure and explosion of floating fortresses. Ricloudless, is enclosed by a pictur- vai vations no longer contending, esque rauge of majestic mountains, but now inspired by mutual emulawhose flanks, broken into ridges tion, seem animated by the more warıned and brightened by the sun, generous sentiments of our nature

NAVARINO.

cian scenery.

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