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266. I see
reads his text out of the fifth to the Galatians— Walk in the spirit-and with much pain makes an end of it.
Presently after sermon, his disease growing more upon him, forced him to take his bed, and to think of his dissolution, now not far off. In the beginning of his extreme fits he made his will; considering therein his brother J. Jewell and his friends with some kind remembrances, but bestowing the rest more liberally upon his servants, scholars, and the poor of Sarum. The Saturday following, nature with all her forces (being able no longer to hold fight with the disease) shrinking and failing, he calleth all his household about him, and after an exposition of the Lord's Prayer, Cantator cygneus funeris ipse sui, (swanlike, singing his own funereal song,) thus beginneth his sweet song :• I am now to go the way, and I feel the arrows of death already fastened in my body ; wherefore I am desirous in few words, while yet my most merciful God vouch* safeth me the use of my tongue, to speak unto you all. • It was my prayer always unto Almighty God, since I . had my understanding, that I might honour his name with the sacrifice of my flesh, and confirm his truth with the oblation of this my body unto death in the defence thereof; which seeing he hath not granted me in this, ‘yet I somewhat rejoice and solace myself, that it is .worn away and exhausted in the labours of my holy calling. For while I visit the people of God, God, my God, hath visited me with M. Harding, who provoked me first. I have contended in my writings, not to • detract from his credit and estimation, nor to patronize any error to my knowledge, nor to gain the vain ap*plause of the world; but according to my poor ability
to do my best service to God and his Church. My • last sermon at Paul's Cross, and conference about the • ceremonies and state of our Church, were not to please “any man living, nor to grieve any of my brethren who are of a contrary opinion; but only to this end, that
neither part might prejudice the other, and that the • love of God might be shed in the hearts of the brethren, through the Spirit that is given us. And I beseech • Almighty God of his infinite mercy to convert or «confound the head of all these evils and ringleader of all rebellions, disorders, and schisins, the bishop of
Rome, who, wheresoever he setteth foot, soweth seeds
of strise and contentions. I beseech him also long to * preserve the Queen's Majesty, to direct and protect her • council, to maintain and increase godly pastors, and to
grant to his whole Church unity and godly peace. • Also I beseech you all that are about me, and all others • whom I ever offended, to forgive me. And now that • my hour is at hand, and all my moisture dried up, I • inost earnestly desire of you all this last duty of love
to pray for me, and help me with the ardency of your * affection, when you perceive me through the infirmity • of my flesh to languish and wax cold in my prayers. • Hitherto I have taught you and many other; now the * time is come wherein I may and desire to be taught .and strengthened by every one of you.'
“Having thus spoken, and something more to the like purpose, with much pain and interruption, he desired them to sing the 71st Psalm, (which begins thus, In thee, O LORD, put I my trust; let me never be confounded,) himself joining as well as he could with them: and when they recited those words—Thou art my hope, O LORD God, my trust even from my youth—he added, • Thou only wast my whole hope ! and as they went forward, saying, Cast me not off in the time of age, forsake me not when my strength faileth me; yea even to mine old age and gray head, forsake me not, GOD! he made this application to himself; • He is an old man, he is ruly gray headed, and his strength faileth him, who lieth on his death-bed:' to which he added other thick and short prayers, as it were pulses, so moved by the power of God's Spirit; saying, "LORD, take from me my spirit !'— LORD, now let thy servant depart in peace!_Break off all delays !-Suffer thy servant to come unto thee!'Command him to be with thee !--Lord receive my spirit !
“ Here, when one of those who stood by prayed, with tears, That, if it might stand with God's good pleasure, He would restore him to former health ; Jewell overhearing him turned his eyes, as it were, offended, and spake to him in the words of S. AMBROSE* I have not lived so, that I am ashamed to live longer ; • neither do I fear to die, because we have a merciful • LORD. A crown of righteousness is laid up for me.
* CHRisT is my righteousness. FATHER, let thy will be • done! thy will, I say, and not my will, which is imper• fect and depraved. O LORD, confound me not! This “is my To-day, this day quickly let me come unto thee! • this day let me see the LORD Jesus.'-— With these words the door was shut by the base sound of the grinding, and the daughters of singing were abased, the silver cord lengthened no more, the golden ewer was cracked, and the pitcher broken at the well: yet the keepers, though with much trembling, stood erect, and they that looked out of the windows, though dark, yet were fixed toward heaven; till after a few fervent inward prayers of devotion, and sighs of longing desire, the soul returned to God that gave it. Mr. Ridley, the steward of his house, shut his eyes,
in the year LORD, 1571, September 22d, about three of the clock in the afternoon, Ann, æt. almost 50.”i
Such was the peaceful end of this true Christian minister. It took place at Monkton-Farley, one of his episcopal residences, in the twelfth year of his episcopate. Seldom has the Church militant lost a brighter ornament, or a more faithful soldier. Seldom has one who died, if age be the standard of maturity, so prematurely, left such enduring monuments of usefulness while he lived, and usefulness to posterity.
Jewell's funeral sermon was preached at Oxford by Giles Laurence, an old associate and esteemed friend ; LAURENCE HUMPHREY, President of Magdalen College, and Regius Professor of Divinity, a still older and dearer friend, who had been requested to perform the office, being absent from the University on account of the plague.
That learned man, however, amply compensated the loss of his services on that occasion, by acceding to the earnest request of Archbishop Parker, and Sandys,
i Featly's Life, prefixed to the folio edition of JEWELL's Works, 1611: page 10-12,- This account is confirmed, in substance, by the more brief relation which JOHN GARBRAND prefixed to his edition of Jewell's posthumous treatises. GARBRAND was one of Jewell's beneficiaries, enjoyed a prebend in the bishop's own cathedral, was present at his death-bed, and seems to have been legatee of his manuscripts ; since he not only published some, but by will left others, with his own extracts from Jewell's common-place books, to John Rainolds and Robert Chaloner.Wood,
bishop of London, that he would transmit to posterity a record of the virtues and labours of their deceased friend. His Life of Jewell, in Latin-a loose and rambling production, but written in an easy style, and replete with interesting matter—appeared in quarto, in 1573: and to it we are indebted for almost every thing that is . known of Jewell's personal history. It is accompanied by no less than nine and twenty pages of verses in Jewell's praise, in the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew languages, by Thomas Wilson, the queen's Almoner; John Woolley, her Latin Secretary'; Nowell, dean of St. Paul's; Thomas Bickly; William Cole ; Herbert Westphaling ; Giles Laurence; Adam Squier ; Arthur Yeldard ; Tobias Matthew, soon after archbishop of York ; Edward Cradock; Oliver Withington; Martin Culpepper; Sir Thomas Bodley ; Lawrence Bodley; Thomas Norton ; John Rainolds ; P. Le Villier, of Paris; Buchanan, the celebrated poet and historian; Daniel Roger; Charles Mignot, of Rouen : John Brossier, of Vendome ; M. De la Faie; Robert Roll; Sir Henry Cotton; Ralph Walter, of Zurich; T. G.; Henry Knivett; Robert Onslow; Samuel Cranmer; and Fox, the Martyrologist. The estimation in which the departed had been held, may be inferred from the number, eminence, and various countries of these eulogists.
Beside the works already mentioned in this Memoir, Jewell published a Letter to Scipio, a Venetian Noble, concerning the causes why the English Bishops did not meet in the Council at Trent, written in the Latin tongue. It contained, as the title imports, a statement of the reasons which induced Elizabeth to determine on refusing to take any part in the Council, summoned by Pius IV. to meet anew in Trent in 1562; and was, like the Apology, an authenticated declaration of the views and principles of the Church of England-so far as related to its particular subject. The Venetian noble to whom it is addressed, had formed an acquaintance with Jewell during his exile,k and had written a sort of expostulatory letter to his friend, on the refusal of Eng
* It is said, at Padua; but as there are no other traces of Jewell's ever having visited Italy, and as no time can be assigned at which he might have done so with convenienee, this is probably an error,
land to concur in a measure which, many on both sides even yet thought, might end in the reconciliation of the existing differences. Jewell's reply is little more than an enlargement of the eleventh chapter of the Apology, drawn up in a noble strain of independent and manly eloquence. It was probably composed about the same time as the Apology, and published not long before.'
The View of a Seditious Bull sent into England from Pius IV., Bishop of Rome, Anno 1559. Delivered in certain Sermons in the Cathedral Church of Sarum, 1570; was a posthumous publication by GARBRAND, issued together with the Treatise of the Scriptures, in 1582. It is interesting, as being Jewell's latest controversial production; and still more so, as furnishing a specimen of the manner in which he deemed it his duty to guard his flock against error, in his pulpit instructions.
In addition to these works, published before and since his death, he left a great mass of papers, the fruit of his long and unwearied studies. Beside the expository lectures already mentioned, and his college abstracts and notes of lectures, there were numerous volumes of common-places and collections, into which it had been his invariable habit to digest every thing he read, and a number of little manuals,' or .diaries,'m one of which he had always carried about him, ready to note any remarkable saying, quotation, event, or suggestion, which might occur in his daily intercourse. These were all in short-hand, and thus unfortunately useless, except to one or two of his most intimate associates, to whom he had taught his system of short-hand notation, which was his own invention.
To the same cause, probably, we owe the loss of his numerous sermons, with the exception of the few published. He was not, it is true, in the habit of writing
1 In Mr. Isaacson's list of JEWELL's works, it bears the date 1559 :: but this must be an error, as the Bull of Pius IV. summoning the Council, is only dated Jan. 1, 1560, and Mr. ISAACSON himself (Life, p. lv.) places the publication of the 'Epistola,' in the year before that of the Apology.
m "Enchiridion-Ephemeridas seu Diarios vocant.” HUMFREDI Vita, p. 233.
n The Sermon at Paul's Cross in 1560 ; Thirteen Sermons preached before the Queen, at Paul's Cross, and elsewhere, published by GARBRAND; the Sermon at St. Mary's, Oxford, in 1550, preserved in