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• Our other interpreter used to talk rery much of a kind of animal called a Tóry, that was as great a monster as the Whig. and would treat us as ill for being foreigners. These two creatures, it seems, are born with a secret antipathy to one another, and engage when they meet us naturally as the elephant and the rhinoceros. But as we saw none of either of these species, we are apt to think that our guides deceived us with misrepresentations and fictions, and amused us with an account of such mon. sters as are not really in their country.

These particulars we made a shift to pick out from the discourse of our interpreters; which we put together as well as we could, being able to understand but here and there a word of what they said, and afterwards making up the meaning of it among ourselves. The men of the country are very cunning and ingenious in handicraft works; but withal so very idle, that we often saw young, lusty, raw-boned fellows, carried up and down the streets in little covered rooms by a couple of porters, who are hired for that service. Their dress is likewise very barbarous, for they almost strangle themselves about the neck, and bind their bodies with many ligatures, that we are apt to think are the occasion of several distempers among them, which our country is entirely free from Instead of those beautiful feathers, with which we adorn our heads, they often buy up a mon. strous bush of hair, which covers their heads, and falls down in a large fleece below the middle of their backs, with which they walk

up and down the streets, and are as proud of it as if it was of their own growth.

We were invited to one of their public diversions, where we hoped to have seen the great men of their country running down

Of these two animals the Indian kings could have no idea, and there. fore seem here to be illustrating obscurum per obscurius and explaining the monsters spoken of here by animals that were not really ir their country -0.

a stag, or pitching a bar, that we might have discovered who were the persons of the greatest abilities among them; but instead of that, they conveyed us into an huge room lighted up with abundance of candles, where this lazy people sat still above three hours to see several feats of ingenuity performed by others, who it seems were paid for it.

"As for the women of the country, not being able to talk with them, we could only make our remarks upon them at a distance. They let the hair of their heads grow to a great length; but as the men make a great show with heads of hair that are none of their own,

who they say


fine heads of hair, tie it up in a knot, and cover it from being seen. The women look like angels, and would be more beautiful than the sun, were it not for little black spots that are apt to break out in their faces, and sometimes rise in very odd figures. I have observed that those little blemishes wear off very soon; but when they disappear in one part of the face, they are apt to break out in another, insomuch that I have seen a spot upon the forehead in the afternoon, which was upon the chin in the morning.'

The author then proceeds to shew the absurdity of breeches and petticoats, with many other curious observations, which I shall reserve for another occasion. I cannot, however, conclude this paper without taking notice, that amidst these wild remarks, there now and then appears something very reasonable. I cannot likewise forbear observing, that we are all guilty in some measure of the same narrow way of thinking, which we meet with in this abstract of the Indian Journal; when we fancy the customs, dresses, and manners of other countries are ridiculous and extravagant, if they do not resemble those of



our own.

** At the desire of several ladies of quality, and for the entertainment

N 3. 55. THURSDAY, MAY 3.

-Intus, et in jecore ægro,
Nascuntur domini.

PERS. Sat. 5, v. 129.
Our passions play the tyrant in our breasts.

Most of the trades, professions, and ways of living among mankind, take their original either from the love of pleasure, or the fear of want. The former, when it becomes too violent, degenerates into luxury, and the latter into avarice. As these two principles of action draw different ways, Persius has given us a very humorous account of a young fellow who was roused out of his bed, in order to be sent upon a long voyage by Avarice, and afterwards overpersuaded and kept at home by Luxury. I shall set down at length the pleadings of these two imaginary persons, as they are in the original, with Mr. Dryden's translation of them,

Mane, piger, stertis : surge, inquit Avaritia ; eja
Surge. Negas ? instat, Surge inquit. Non quec. Surge.
Et quid agam? Rogitas ? Saperdas advehe Ponto,
Castoreum, stuppas, hebenum, thus, lubrica Coa
Tolle recens primus piper è sitiente camelo :
Verte aliquid; jura. Sed Jupiter audiet. Eheu!
Baro, regustatum digito terebrare salinum
Contentus perages, si vivere cum Jove tendis.
Jam pueris pellem succinctus et ænophorum aptas ;
Ocyus ad navem. Nil obstat quin trabe vasta
Ægeum rapias, nisi solers Luxuria ante
Seductum moneat; Quó deinde, insane ruis ! Quoi
Quid tibi vis ? Calido sub pectore mascula bilis
Intumuit, quam non extinxerit urna cicutæ !
Tun' mare transilias ? Tibi tortà cannabe fulto
Cæna sit in transtro! Veientanumque rubellum

Exhalet vapida læsum pice sessilis obba ? of the Emperor of the Mohocks, and the three Indian kings, being the last time of their public appearance, on Monday next, May 1, for the benefit of Mr. Hennings, will be performed at the great room in York Buildings, 8 consort of music V Tatler 171, note.-C.

Quid petis! Ut nummi, qos hic quincunce modesto
Nutrieras, pergant avidos sudare deunces i
Indulge genio: carpamus dulcia ; nostrum est
Quod vivis ; cinis, et manes, et fabula fies.
Vive memor lethi: fugit hora. Hoc quod loquar, inde esto
En quid agis ? Duplici in diversum scinderis hamo,
Hunccine, an hunc sequeris ?

Sat. v. 182'

Whether alone, or in thy harlot's lap,
When thou would'st take a lazy morning's nap,
Up, up, says Avarice. Thou snor’st again,
Stretchest thy limbs, and yawn'st, but all in vain ;
The rugged tyrant no denial takes ;
At his command th’unwilling sluggard wakes.
What must I do? (He cries.) What? (says his lord.)
Why rise, make ready, and go straight abroad:
With fish, from Euxine seas, thy vessel freight;
Flax, castor, Coan wines, the precious weight
Of pepper, and Sabean incense, take
With thy own hands from the tir'd camel's back,
And with post-haste thy running markets make.
Be sure to turn the penny; lye and swear;
'Tis wholesome sin.—But Jove, thou say’st, will hear..--
Swear, fool, or starve ; for the dilemma's even:
A tradesman thoul and hope to go to Heav'n?

Resolv'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack,
Each saddled with his burden on his back:
Nothing retards thy voyage now, but he,
That soft voluptuous prince, call'd Luxury;
And he may ask this civil question : Friend,
What dost thou make a shipboard ? to what end !
Art thou of Bethlem's noble college free!
Stark, staring mad, that thou would’st tempt the sea I
Cubb'd in a cabin, on a mattress laid,
On a brown George, with lousy swabbers fed;
Dead wine, that stinks of the Borachio, sup
From a foul jack, or greasy maple cup!
Say, would'st thou bear all this, to raise thy store
From six i'the hundred to six hundred more!
Indulge, and to thy genius freely give;
For, not to live at ease, is not to live :

"V. Boileau, Sat. iii. — who has imitated this passage very happily.-0

Death stalks behind thee, and each flying hour
Does some loose remnant of thy life devour.
Live while thou liv'st; for death will make us all
A name, a nothing but an old wife's tale.
Speak; wilt thou Avarice or Pleasure chuse
To be thy Lord; Take one; and one refuse.

When a government flourishes in conquests, and is secure from foreign attacks, it naturally falls into all the pleasures of luxury; and as these pleasures are very expensive, they put those who are addicted to them upon raising fresh supplies of money, by all the methods of rapaciousness and corruption; so that avarice and luxury very often become one complicated principle of action, in those whose hearts are wholly set upon ease, magnificence, and pleasure. The most elegant and correct of all the Latin historians observes, that in his time, when the most formidable states of the world were subdued by the Romans, the republic sunk into those two vices of a quite different nature, luxury and avarice; and accordingly describes Catiline as one who coveted the wealth of other men, at the same time that he squan. dered away his own.' This observation on the commonwealth,

, when it was in its height of power and riches, holds good of all governments that are settled in a state of ease and prosperity. At such times men naturally endeavour to outshine one another in

pomp and splendor, and having no fears to alarm them from abroad, indulge themselves in the enjoyment of all the pleasures they can get into their possession; which naturally produces avarice, and an immoderate pursuit after wealth and riches.

As I was humouring myself in the speculation of these two great principles of action, I could not forbear throwing my thoughts into a little kind of allegory or fable, with which I shall here present my reader.

1 Alieni appetens, sui profusus. Sall-C.

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